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Lafayette, Louisiana

Lafayette, Louisiana
Ville de Lafayette, Louisiane
City
City of Lafayette
Hub City
From upper left: Statue in front of downtown fire station, oak-lined street in the University district, Downtown Lafayette, Cajundome, and University of Louisiana at Lafayette quad.
Nickname(s): The Hub City
Motto: The Heart of Cajun Country
Lafayette, Louisiana is located in Louisiana
Location of Lafayette in Louisiana
Coordinates:
Country  United States
State  Louisiana
Parish Lafayette
Founded 1821 as Vermilionville
Renamed 1884 as Lafayette
Founded by Jean Mouton
Named for General Gilbert du Motier, Marquis De Lafayette
Government
 • Type Consolidated City-Parish
 • City-Parish President Joey Durel (Republican)
Area
 • City Total 49.2 sq mi (127 km2)
 • Land 49.1 sq mi (127 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)  auto%
 • Metro 5,252 sq mi (13,600 km2)
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Population (2011)
 • City Total 120,687
 • Density 2,482.3/sq mi (958.4/km2)
Demonym(s) Lafayettiens
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 70501–9, 70593, 70596, 70598
Area code(s) 337
Website www.lafayettela.gov

Lafayette (; French: ) is a city located along the

  • Lafayette Consolidated Government
  • Greater Lafayette Chamber of Commerce
  • Lafayette Conventions and Visitors Center

External links

  1. ^ "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 (CBSA-EST2007-02)" ( 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Niles' Weekly Register, BALTIMORE, June 26, 1824; LAFAYETTE
  4. ^ Dormon, James (September 1992). "Louisiana's "Creoles of Color": Ethnicity, Marginality, and Identity.". Social Science Quarterly 73 (3): 615–626. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  7. ^ "Historical Weather for Lafayette, Louisiana, United States of America". Weatherbase.com. 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-20. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ http://www.mla.org/cgi-shl/docstudio/docs.pl?map_data_results
  12. ^ "LPSS Career Academies". Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Lafayette Schools of Choice". Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  14. ^ Gomez, Nancy (19 May 2008). "La. Specialized Language Course Aims To Knock Down Barriers.". Community College Week 20 (19): 13. 
  15. ^ Louisiana Technical College (Lafayette campus) website; accessed July 2, 2014.
  16. ^ Remington College (Lafayette campus) website; accessed July 2, 2014.
  17. ^ Brand, Anna; Villavaso, Stephen (Spring 2011). "REVISITING PALERMO: THE TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF LOUISIANA'S LANDMARK LAND USE RIGHTS AND ZONING DECISION AND ITS LEGACY FOR PLANNING IN LOUISIANA.". Loyola Law Review 57 (1): 113–133. 
  18. ^ "INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGREEMENT". webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 2015-10-17. 
  19. ^ "National Guard Units Alerted for Iraq Duty.". Army Magazine 54 (4): 64–66. April 2004. 
  20. ^ "LUS Services". Retrieved July 21, 2009. 
  21. ^ "LUSFiber". Retrieved July 20, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Lafayette's six sister cities". Retrieved October 16, 2009. 

References

See also

Six intersections in the downtown area are each named after one of its sister cities.

Lafayette has six sister cities:[22]

Sister cities

  • Main Road Arteries: U.S. Routes 90 (co-signed with Evangeline Thruway, Mudd Avenue and Cameron Street within the city limits) and U.S. Route 167 (co-signed with I-49, Evangeline Thruway and Johnston Street). Ambassador Caffery Parkway, named for Jefferson Caffery, serves as a partial loop connecting I-10 at Exit 100 on the west and US 90 on the south. Other arterial roads include Verot School Road (LA 339), West Congress Street, Kaliste Saloom Road (LA 3095), Ridge Road, Carmel Drive/Breaux Bridge Highway (LA 94), University Avenue (LA 182), Pinhook Road (LA 182), Camellia Boulevard, Guilbeau Road, Moss Street, Willow Street, Louisiana Avenue, Pont Des Mouton Road, Eraste Landry Road, and South College Road.
  • Air: Lafayette Regional Airport (LFT) is located on US Highway 90, on the southeast side of the city with daily scheduled passenger airline services to Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, and Atlanta. Charter services depart Lafayette Regional as well as helicopter services and cargo jets.
  • Interstate Highway: I-10 and I-49 (Lafayette serves as I-49's southern terminus, at its intersection with I-10)
  • Passenger Rail: The Amtrak Sunset Limited offers service three days a week from New Orleans, Louisiana and Los Angeles, California with selected stops in Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California. Connections are available in New Orleans to Chicago and to the East Coast via Atlanta. Service eastward to Orlando, Florida remains suspended in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
  • Intercity Passenger Bus: Greyhound operates a station downtown on Lee Avenue with destinations east and west on I-10, north on I-49 and southeast on US Hwy 90
  • Public Transit: Lafayette Transit System[2] provides bus service, (formerly City of Lafayette Transit (COLT). Public transportation is provided only within Lafayette City Limits.
  • Bicycle Facilities: Lafayette is dedicated to growing into a bicycle-friendly community, with a strong push from both the community and government. The Lafayette MPO Bicycle Subcommittee meet once a month and has developed long-term goals for bicycling in the area. BikeLafayette is the areas's bicycle advocacy organization that is very active in promoting bicycle awareness, safety, and education in Acadiana. TRAIL is an organization that promotes bicycling, canoeing, and pedestrian activities. Right now Lafayette has a growing number of dedicated commuter and recreational bicycling facilities, including a bicycle lane on each side of Johnston Street from UL-Lafayette area at Lewis Street to near Ambassador Caffery, ending at Ridge Road. Henderson Levee has opened a 55-mile trail, and there is a mountain bike park in Acadiana Park. UL-Lafayette has installed an off-road paved bicycle path beginning at its Horticultural Center on Johnston Street extending up Cajundome Boulevard to Eraste Landry Road. A number of out of use bicycle/pedestrian sidewalk paths remain from the 1970s and 1980s but are unsigned. A recreational trail extending from Downtown Lafayette into the Cypress Island region of Saint Martin Parish is under development. This path will connect neighboring Breaux Bridge and Saint Martinville with Lafayette.

Transportation

  • Cajun Heartland State Fair - An eleven-day state fair held on the grounds of the Cajundome and Convention Center.
  • Drums Across Cajun Field - An annual DCI show hosted by the Pride of Acadiana
  • Festivals Acadiens et Creoles - An annual collection of festivals celebrating Cajun and Creole cultures.
  • Festival International de Louisiane - An annual international festival of arts and music, celebrating Lafayette and the surrounding area's French heritage.
  • Le Festival de Mardi Gras à Lafayette - The second largest Mardi Gras celebration in Louisiana.
  • Downtown Alive! - A 25-year-old series of free, family-friendly outdoor concerts in the fall and spring.
  • 2nd Saturday Artwalk - An artwalk downtown held every 2nd Saturday of every month.
  • Bach Lunch - A spring outdoor concert series hosted by the Lafayette Natural History Museum and Planetarium, held in Parc Sans Souci downtown.
  • Gulf Brew - An annual beer tasting festival.
  • Louisiana Showcase of Marching Bands - A popular high school marching band festival.
  • Movies in the Parc - A fall outdoor children's movie series in Parc International downtown.
  • Hopefest - A charity festival put on by high school students in the area
  • Crouchstock - An annual music festival held to raise funds for the Jacob Crouch Foundation, a suicide prevention, awareness and education foundation.
  • Southern Screen Film Festival - Fostering the art and education of filmmaking in Lafayette, LA!
  • South Louisiana Blackpot Festival & Cookoff - An annual festival celebrating great music, dancing, food, camping & jamming!
  • INNOV8 Lafayette - A festival of innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship, founded and led by volunteers of the Greater Lafayette Chamber of Commerce.

Events

  • Acadiana Center for the Arts
  • Acadian Village is a reconstructed Cajun bayou community (of moved and reassembled authentic buildings) and has a representative collection of Cajun furnishings
  • Alexandre Mouton House Museum - a historic house museum, this was the home to Louisiana's first Democratic governor, Alexandre Mouton; contains a collection of antiques, historical documents, and old Mardi Gras costumes
  • Borden's Ice Cream – the last Borden's Ice Cream location in the United States
  • Children's Museum of Acadiana
  • Cité des Arts
  • Downtown Lafayette
  • Girard Park
  • Heymann Center – performing arts center
  • Acadian Cultural Center of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
  • Lafayette Natural History Museum & Planetarium
  • Louisiana Immersive Technologies Enterprise (LITE) - a 70,000-square-foot facility at the Research Park; owns the world's first six-sided, digital virtual reality cube as well as the world's largest digital 3-D auditorium
  • Katog Choling Tibetan Cultural Center
  • Vermilionville – One of the world's largest Cajun and Creole living history museums with 7 restored historic structures from the 1765-1890 era.
  • Zoo of Acadiana – located nearby in Broussard

Places of interest

See List of Lafayette radio stations for full list. Popular radio stations in Lafayette:

Radio

Lafayette is also served by:

Lafayette is home to:

Lafayette is served by Cox Communications, and by Lafayette Utilities System's LUSFiber.[21]

Television

Print

Media

The Lost Bayou Ramblers playing at the Blue Moon Saloon

Lafayette is home to the Louisiana–Lafayette Ragin' Cajuns, the athletic teams of The University of Louisiana at Lafayette. It is home to the Louisiana Hurricanes, a semi-pro football team that plays at STM Stadium. Between the years of 1995 and 2005, Lafayette was home to the Louisiana IceGators ECHL hockey team; in 2009, the IceGators returned as a member of the Southern Professional Hockey League. As of 2009, Lafayette is home to the Lafayette Wildcatters of the Southern Indoor Football League. It is also home to the Lafayette Bayou Bulls, a semi-pro football program that started in 2003. Lafayette is home to three sports venues: the Cajundome, Cajun Field and Blackham Coliseum.

The Cajundome

Sports

Cultural organizations include the Acadiana Symphony Orchestra and Conservatory of Music, Chorale Acadienne, Lafayette Ballet Theatre and Dance Conservatory, The Lafayette Concert Band, and Performing Arts Society of Acadiana.

Cultural Organizations and Institutions

Culture and contemporary life

  • Center for Business and Information Technologies(CBIT)
  • National Incident Management Systems and Advanced Technologies (NIMSAT) Institute
  • Louisiana Immersive Technology Enterprise (LITE)
  • Presidio Networked Solutions

The city has an IT community including such businesses as:

Information technology

Lafayette has some manufacturing and fabrication businesses, including Frank's Casing Crew and CIS Hammers.

Lafayette is the location of the last remaining Borden's Ice Cream outlet in the United States.
Downtown Lafayette from the air

Economy

Television Cable television service in Lafayette is provided by Cox Communications. Lafayette Utilities System provides FTTH video services through LUSFiber. DirecTV and Dish Network both include in their local packages.

Telephone service Local land line telephone service is served by AT&T. Cox Communications and LUS Fiber provide Voice over Internet Protocol phone service.

Natural gas service Natural gas service is supplied by Atmos Energy.

Electricity, water, and waste water service Lafayette is served by Lafayette Utilities System, a city-parish government-run, publicly owned utility company. Started over 100 years ago as an electrical company, LUS has expanded into a full-service utilities company. It provides electricity, drinking water, and sewage treatment throughout the City of Lafayette, as well some unincorporated parts of the parish, along with bulk sales to the water systems of most surrounding municipalities. In 2009 LUS installed infrastructure for a fiber telecommunications network. Called LUSFiber, the network provides digital cable, telephone service, and high speed internet to all households in Lafayette.[20]

Utilities

Lafayette is home to the National Guard headquarters of the 256th Infantry Brigade, a military unit of more than 3,000 soldiers, which served in Iraq in the years of 2004-2005. The brigade was deployed again in January 2010. Lafayette was also home to the United States Marine Corps Reserve Unit, F. Co. Anti-Terrorism Battalion commanded by Captain Cole Clements. This unit went on several deployments, many related to the Iraq War. In 2014 F. Co. Anti-Terrorism Battalion was decommissioned, to be replaced with H&S Co. Det. 4 4th Tanks Tow and Scouts, 4th MARDIV..[19]

Military

  • Note: City Police and Parish Sheriff's office were not combined during consolidation.
  • Lafayette City Police (LPD)- The main municipal police department of the city
  • Lafayette Parish Sheriff's Office (LPSO) - The parish level police agency
  • University Police (ULPD) - The police force of the University of Louisiana at Lafayette
  • Lafayette City Marshal - The City Marshal
  • Lafayette Park Police enforce state jurisdiction and local ordinance for the city and parish owned recreational facilities and surrounding neighborhoods in the City and Parish of Lafayette.

Lafayette is served by five police agencies:

Law enforcement

On election day, October 22, 2011, Lafayette parish voters rejected a proposal to separate parish and city governments. Under consolidation, the City of Lafayette and Parish of Lafayette have a common representative body and executive officer. Public Works and other services, such as Land Use and Plat Review, are operated by Lafayette Consolidated Government (LCG) to serve the City of Lafayette and unincorporated areas of Lafayette Parish, and by contract to some, but not all of the area municipalities. Zoning Rules apply only within the City of Lafayette.[17] Some neighboring municipalities have adopted their own planning and zoning protocols. The suburban and rural cities and towns maintain independent city councils, local executives, police and fire departments, as well as other public services. The Lafayette Parish School System operates independently of any municipality, and its jurisdiction is coterminous with the Parish of Lafayette.[18]

Since the consolidation of city and parish governments, Lafayette has had a city-parish president as its chief executive, rather than a mayor. The current city-parish president is Republican Joey Durel.

See also Notable local politicians

Government and politics

  • Lafayette General Medical Center
  • Lafayette General Surgical Hospital
  • Lafayette Surgical Specialty Hospital
  • University Hospital and Clinics (formerly University Medical Center)
  • Women's and Children's Hospital
  • The Regional Medical Center of Acadiana - (Formerly Southwest Medical Center)
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Regional Medical Center
  • Heart Hospital of Lafayette
  • Park Place Surgical Hospital
  • Cardiovascular Institute of the South(CIS) or Cardiovascular Institute of the South

Lafayette's major healthcare facilities are:

Healthcare

Public library system

One of the newest college systems in Louisiana, South Louisiana Community College is headquartered in Lafayette. SLCC partnered with Acadian Ambulance to form the National EMS Academy, which offers EMT-Basic and EMT-Paramedic certification. SLCC is part of the Louisiana Community and Technical College System.[14] Louisiana Technical College (Lafayette campus) is part of the Louisiana Technical College system,[15] which in turn is part of the Louisiana Community and Technical college system. It offers associate degrees in several fields.[16] is a vocational school that offers a few bachelor's degree programs, many associate degree programs, along with a few diploma programs.

Lafayette has one university, one community college, and two vocational colleges. The University of Louisiana at Lafayette is part of the University of Louisiana System. It is the second-largest university in the state, with an enrollment of approximately 16,000. Schools and colleges related to the institution have been located in Lafayette since 1898.

Universities and colleges

Lafayette is home to a large Roman Catholic population and, because of this, Lafayette Parish has many private parochial schools, with grades from kindergarten through twelfth grade.

See Lafayette Parish Private Schools for list of schools.

Private schools

The LPSS also offer schools of choice, a program to improve racial diversity at schools. Accepted students are allowed to attend schools outside their school zone (but still within the parish) to receive their state-mandated core curriculum using specialized themes or programs. This is available at all levels, elementary, middle, and high schools, and is designed to provide a more interesting learning experience for the students in the program.[13]

The nine academies are:

The public schools in the parish are run by the Lafayette Parish School System. The system has 33 schools, 21 elementary schools, 12 middle schools, and seven high schools. The LPSS offers nine career academies at the high school level, school curricula designed to prepare students in certain career fields.[12]

See Lafayette Parish School System for more information.

Public schools

Primary and secondary schools

Education and healthcare

The median income for a household in the city was $35,996, and the median income for a family was $47,783. Males had a median income of $37,729 versus $23,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,031. About 11.6% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

There were 43,506 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. Nearly 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.07.

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 120,623 people, 43,506 households, and 27,104 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,316.7 people per square mile (894.5/km²). There were 46,865 housing units at an average density of 984.7 per square mile (380.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 68.23% White, 28.51% African American, 0.25% Native American, 1.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.88% of the population. In 2010, 84.2% of the population over the age of five spoke English at home, and 11.5% of the population spoke French or Cajun French, a dialect that developed in Louisiana.[11]

Demographics

Climate data for Lafayette, Louisiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
87
(31)
93
(34)
93
(34)
98
(37)
106
(41)
107
(42)
103
(39)
101
(38)
96
(36)
92
(33)
89
(32)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 64
(18)
66
(19)
72
(22)
79
(26)
86
(30)
91
(33)
92
(33)
92
(33)
89
(32)
82
(28)
72
(22)
64
(18)
79.1
(26.2)
Average low °F (°C) 43
(6)
45
(7)
51
(11)
57
(14)
64
(18)
70
(21)
72
(22)
72
(22)
67
(19)
57
(14)
48
(9)
43
(6)
57.4
(14.1)
Record low °F (°C) 10
(−12)
2
(−17)
24
(−4)
32
(0)
42
(6)
53
(12)
57
(14)
53
(12)
41
(5)
27
(−3)
21
(−6)
14
(−10)
6
(−14)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.0
(127)
4.5
(114)
4.2
(107)
4.3
(109)
4.8
(122)
5.5
(140)
6.7
(170)
5.6
(142)
4.1
(104)
3.3
(84)
3.9
(99)
5.4
(137)
57.3
(1,455)
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Lafayette's climate is described as humid subtropical using Köppen climate classification. Lafayette is typical of areas along the Gulf of Mexico in that it has hot, humid summers and mild winters. (See table below for average temperatures for Lafayette.)

Climate

This land, called the southwestern Louisiana Prairie Terrace, is higher up and not made of wetland like much of the surrounding areas to the south and west of Lafayette. Because of this, Lafayette does not suffer significant flooding problems. The Vermilion River runs through the center of Lafayette. Other significant waterways in the city are Isaac Verot Coulee, Coulee Mine, Coulee des Poches and Coulee Ile des Cannes, which are natural drainage canals that lead to the Vermilion River.

Lafayette is located on the West Gulf Coastal Plain. What is now Lafayette was part of the seabed during the earlier Quaternary Period. During this time, the Mississippi River cut a 325-foot-deep (99 m) valley between what is now Lafayette and Baton Rouge. This valley was filled and is now the Atchafalaya Basin. Lafayette is located on the western rim of this valley.

Lafayette is located at (30.2139, -92.0294)[5] and has an elevation of 36 feet (11.0 m).[6] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.2 square miles (127 km2), of which 49.1 square miles (127 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.19%) is water.

Geography

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Climate 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Education and healthcare 5
    • Primary and secondary schools 5.1
    • Universities and colleges 5.2
    • Public library system 5.3
    • Healthcare 5.4
  • Government and politics 6
    • Law enforcement 6.1
    • Military 6.2
    • Utilities 6.3
  • Economy 7
    • Information technology 7.1
  • Culture and contemporary life 8
    • Cultural Organizations and Institutions 8.1
    • Sports 8.2
    • Media 8.3
      • Print 8.3.1
      • Television 8.3.2
      • Radio 8.3.3
  • Places of interest 9
  • Events 10
  • Transportation 11
  • Sister cities 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15

The American city was founded as Vermilionville in 1821 by Jean Mouton, a French-speaking man of Acadian descent. In 1884, it was renamed for General Lafayette, who fought with and significantly aided the American Army during the American Revolutionary War.[3] The city's economy was primarily based on agriculture until the 1940s, when the petroleum and natural gas industries became dominant. Lafayette is considered the center of Acadiana, the area of Cajun and Creole culture in Louisiana and the United States, which developed following the relocation of Acadians after their expulsion by the British from eastern Canada in the late 18th century following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War. There is a strong Louisiana Creole influence in the area. [4]

. The Hub City Its nickname is [2].Lafayette Parish, Louisiana of parish seat Lafayette is the [1]

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