World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lapta (game)

Article Id: WHEBN0004503455
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lapta (game)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Baseball, Bat-and-ball games, Beach basketball, Samoa rules, Ritinis
Collection: Ball and Bat Games, Ball Games, Russian Games, Russian Inventions, Sports Originating in Russia, Team Sports
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lapta (game)

Lapta (Russian: лапта́) is a Russian bat and ball game first known to be played in the 14th century.[1] Mentions of lapta have been found in medieval manuscripts, and balls and bats were found in the 14th-century layers during excavations in Novgorod. It is similar to cricket, brännboll, Rounders, baseball, oină and pesäpallo.


The game is played outside on a field the size of half an association football pitch[2] 20 x 25 sazhens (140 x 175 feet). There are 5 people on the field from the defending team, as well as pitcher/server.[2] This pitcher server stands near the batter of the opposing team and hits a ball in the direction of the batter.[2] The team that bats contains six people.[2] Each hitter gets 2 chances to hit the ball over a 10m line.[2] If they succeed at that, the runners can go to an endline at the other end of the pitch.[2] If a player manages to run between the two endpoints, the get 2 points.[2] Games last an hour, split into two equal halves.[2]

The edges of the field were marked with parallel lines, called salo.

The goal of the game is to hit the ball, served by a player of the opposite team, with the bat and send the ball as far as possible, then run across the field to the kon line, and if possible to run back to the gorod line.

The running player should try to avoid being hit with the ball, which is thrown by the opposing team members. For successful runs, the team earns points. A team wins by either getting more points during the scheduled time or by having all its players complete runs.

A description of lapta is given by Aleksandr Kuprin:
This folk game is one of the most interesting and useful games. Lapta requires resourcefulness, deep breathing, faithfulness to your group, attention, dexterity, fast running, good aiming and marksmanship, strong striking hands, and firm eternal confidence that you cannot be defeated. The lazy and cowardly have no place in this game.

Origin for baseball

According to Russian magazines Little Light and Izvestia, baseball was developed from lapta by 18th century Russian Americans.[3][4]


  1. ^ Chetwynd, Josh (2008). Baseball in Europe: a country by country history. McFarland. p. 133.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Chetwynd, Josh (2008). Baseball in Europe: a country by country history. McFarland. p. 313.  
  3. ^ Povich, Shirley (1959). Baseball Digest 18 (6). Lakeside Publishing Co. p. 57.  
  4. ^ Povich, Shirley (1987). Time 130 (1-9). Time Inc. p. 98. Retrieved 2010-07-08. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.