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Leizhou Min

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Leizhou Min

Leizhou
雷州話 (雷州话)
Native to China, United States (California), Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong
Region Leizhou
Native speakers
4 million  (date missing)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog leiz1236[1]
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     Leizhou (mainland) and Hainanese

Leizhou (simplified Chinese: 雷州话; traditional Chinese: 雷州話; pinyin: Léizhōu huà) is a variety of Min Nan Chinese. It is spoken in the Leizhou city and its neighbouring areas on the Leizhou peninsula in the west of the Guangdong province. It has low intelligibility with other varieties of Min Nan, and is sometimes classified as a separate language, though it is often included along with Hainanese in Qiongwen.

Phonology

Consonants

Consonants of the Leizhou dialect
  bilabial alveolar velar glottal
nasals m n ŋ  
plosives voiced b      
voiceless unaspirated p t k  
voiceless aspirated  
fricatives voiced   z    
voiceless   s   h
affricates voiceless unaspirated   ts    
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ    
lateral approximant   l    

Vowels

Tones

Leizhou has six tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Leizhou dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˦ (24) rising
2 yin shang (陰上) ˦˨ (42) falling (high falling)
3 yin qu (陰去) ˨˩ (21) bottom (low falling)
4 yin ru (陰入) ˥̚ (5) high checked
5 yang ping (陽平) ˨ (2) low
6 yang shang (陽上) ˧ (3) mid
7 yang qu (陽去) ˥ (5) high
8 yang ru (陽入) ˩̚ (1) low checked

See also

References

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Leizhou". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)
  • Zhū, yuèmíng. (2005) "Léizhōuhuà yú Pǔtōnghuà bǐjiàoyīnxì yánjiū" (Comparative phonological studies on the Leizhou dialect and Putonghua) Yúnnán shīfàndàxué xuébào (zhéxué shèhuìkēxué bǎn) (Yunnan Normal University Journal (philosophy and social sciences)): vol.37 no. 5 p. 133-136. (朱月明. 2005. "雷州話與普通話音系比較研究" 《雲南師範大學學報 (哲學社會科學版)》: 第 37 卷 第 5 期 頁133-136)

External links

  • Cantonese and other dialects (in Chinese)
  • Classification of Northern Min Dialects from Glossika
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