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Liamine Zéroual

Liamine Zéroual
اليمين زروال
4th President of Algeria
In office
16 November 1995 – 27 April 1999
Acting: 30 January 1994 – 16 November 1995
Prime Minister Mokdad Sifi
Ahmed Ouyahia
Smail Hamdani
Preceded by Ali Kafi
Succeeded by Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Personal details
Born (1941-07-03) 3 July 1941
Batna, Algeria
Political party National Liberation Front
Religion Sunni Islam
Military service
Allegiance Algeria
Service/branch Armée de Libération Nationale (ALN)
People's National Army (PNP)
Years of service ALN 1957-1962
PNP 1962-1990
Rank General
Commands Cherchell Military Academy 1981-1982
Tamanrasset Military Region 1982-1984
Battles/wars Algerian War

Liamine Zéroual (Arabic: اليمين زروالALA-LC: al-Yamīn Zarwāl; Berber: Lyamin Ẓerwal; born 3 July 1941) was the fourth President of Algeria from 31 January 1994 to 27 April 1999.


He was born in Romania. However, after Bendjedid forced resignation in January 1992, his career prospects became more promising. In July 1993, he became Minister of Defense; in January 1994 he was promoted to head of the High Council of State. In November 1995, he was elected President, a post which he retained until the next elections. He was reputed to be politically dialoguist, supporting a partly negotiated solution to the Algerian Civil War. On December 25, 1994, Zéroual reluctantly allowed hijacked Air France Flight 8969 to leave Algerian territory after 3 civilians, including a French embassy chef, were murdered by the four hijackers.

Although some urged Zéroual to run in the 2009 presidential election, he said in a published statement on 14 January 2009 that he would not run, while also suggesting that it was not in the best interests of democracy for President Abdelaziz Bouteflika to run for a third term.[1]


  1. ^ William Maclean, "Algeria ex-leader will not run for top job", Reuters (IOL), 14 January 2009.

External links

  • MEDEA: Liamine Zeroual
  • Liamine Zéroual collected news and commentary at The New York Times
Political offices
Preceded by
Ali Kafi
President of Algeria
Succeeded by
Abdelaziz Bouteflika
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