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List of Eurovision Song Contest winners

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Title: List of Eurovision Song Contest winners  
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Subject: Ruslana, Eurovision Song Contest, ABBA, Marija Naumova, Johnny Logan (singer)
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List of Eurovision Song Contest winners

Left: Lys Assia, the first Eurovision winner (1956), and Dima Bilan, winner in 2008. Centre: Johnny Logan, the winning artist in 1980, winning artist and composer in 1987 and the winning composer in 1992. Right: Ell & Nikki celebrating Eurovision Song Contest 2011 victory in Düsseldorf.

Sixty-three songs have won the European Broadcasting Union. The contest, which has been broadcast every year since its debut in 1956, is one of the longest-running television programmes in the world. The contest's winner has been determined using numerous voting techniques throughout its history; centre to these have been the awarding of points to countries by juries or televoters. The country awarded the most points is declared the winner.[1] The first Eurovision Song Contest was not won on points, but by votes (two per country), and only the winner was announced.[2]

There have been 60 contests, with one winner each year except the tied 1969 contest, which had four. Twenty-six different countries have won the contest. Switzerland won the first contest in 1956. The country with the highest number of wins is Ireland, with seven. Portugal is the country with the longest history in the contest without a win; it made its forty-eighth appearance at the 2015 contest. The only person to have won more than once as performer is Ireland's Johnny Logan, who performed "What's Another Year" in 1980 and "Hold Me Now" in 1987. Logan is also one of only five songwriters to have written more than one winning entry ("Hold Me Now" 1987 and "Why Me?" 1992, performed by Linda Martin).[3] This unique distinction makes Logan the only person to have three Eurovision victories to his/her credit, as either singer, songwriter or both. The other four songwriters with more than one winning entry to their credit are, Willy van Hemert (Netherlands, 1957 and 1959), Yves Dessca (Monaco, 1971 and Luxembourg, 1972), Rolf Løvland (Norway, 1985 and 1995) and Brendan Graham (Ireland, 1994 and 1996).

Winning the Eurovision Song Contest provides a unique opportunity for the winning artist(s) to capitalise on their success and surrounding publicity by launching or furthering their international career. However, throughout the history of the contest, relatively few of these artists have gone on to be huge international stars. The most notable winning Eurovision artists whose career was directly launched into the spotlight following their win were the members of ABBA, who won the 1974 contest for Sweden with their song "Waterloo." ABBA went on to be one of the most successful bands of its time.[4] Another notable winner who subsequently achieved international fame and success was Céline Dion, who won the 1988 contest for Switzerland with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi."

Contents

  • List 1
  • By country 2
  • By language 3
  • Photogallery 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes and references 6
    • Footnotes 6.1
    • References 6.2
    • Bibliography 6.3

List

Year Date Host City Winner Song Performer Writers Points Margin Runner-up
1956 24 May Lugano   Switzerland "Refrain" Lys Assia Géo Voumard, Émile Gardaz
Never announced
1957 3 March Frankfurt  Netherlands "Net als toen" Corry Brokken Guus Jansen, Willy van Hemert 31 14  France
1958 12 March Hilversum  France "Dors, mon amour" André Claveau Pierre Delanoë, Hubert Giraud 27 3   Switzerland
1959 11 March Cannes  Netherlands "Een beetje" Teddy Scholten Dick Schallies, Willy van Hemert 21 5  United Kingdom
1960 29 March London  France "Tom Pillibi" Jacqueline Boyer André Popp, Pierre Cour 32 7  United Kingdom
1961 18 March Cannes  Luxembourg "Nous les amoureux" Jean-Claude Pascal Jacques Datin, Maurice Vidalin 31 6  United Kingdom
1962 18 March Luxembourg  France "Un premier amour" Isabelle Aubret Claude-Henri Vic, Roland Stephane Valade 26 13  Monaco
1963 23 March London  Denmark "Dansevise" Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann Otto Francker, Sejr Volmer-Sørensen 42 2   Switzerland
1964 21 March Copenhagen  Italy "Non ho l'età" Gigliola Cinquetti Nicola Salerno, Mario Pinzeri 49 32  United Kingdom
1965 20 March Naples  Luxembourg "Poupée de cire, poupée de son" France Gall Serge Gainsbourg 32 6  United Kingdom
1966 5 March Luxembourg  Austria "Merci, Chérie" Udo Jürgens Udo Jürgens, Thomas Hörbiger 31 15  Sweden
1967 8 April Vienna  United Kingdom "Puppet on a String" Sandie Shaw Bill Martin, Phil Coulter 47 25  Ireland
1968 6 April London  Spain "La, la, la" Massiel Manuel de la Calva, Ramón Arcusa 29 1  United Kingdom
1969 29 March Madrid  Spain "Vivo cantando" Salomé Maria José de Cerato, Aniano Alcalde 18
No runner-up
(4 )
 United Kingdom "Boom Bang-a-Bang" Lulu Alan Moorhouse, Peter Warne
 Netherlands "De troubadour" Lenny Kuhr Lenny Kuhr, David Hartsema
 France "Un jour, un enfant" Frida Boccara Émile Stern, Eddy Marnay
1970 21 March Amsterdam  Ireland "All Kinds of Everything" Dana Derry Lindsay, Jackie Smith 32 6  United Kingdom
1971 3 April Dublin  Monaco "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" Séverine Jean-Pierre Bourtayre, Yves Dessca 128 12  Spain
1972 25 March Edinburgh  Luxembourg "Après toi" Vicky Leandros Mario Panas, Klaus Munro, Yves Dessca 128 14  United Kingdom
1973 7 April Luxembourg  Luxembourg "Tu te reconnaîtras" Anne-Marie David Claude Morgan, Vline Buggy 129 4  Spain
1974 6 April Brighton  Sweden "Waterloo" ABBA Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus, Stig Anderson 24 6  Italy
1975 22 March Stockholm  Netherlands "Ding-a-dong" Teach-In Dick Bakker, Eddy Ouwens, Will Luikinga 152 14  United Kingdom
1976 3 April The Hague  United Kingdom "Save Your Kisses for Me" Brotherhood of Man Tony Hiller, Lee Sheriden, Martin Lee 164 17  France
1977 7 May London  France "L'oiseau et l'enfant" Marie Myriam Jean Paul Cara, Joe Gracy 136 15  United Kingdom
1978 22 April Paris  Israel "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" (א-ב-ני-בי) Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta Nurit Hirsh, Ehud Manor 157 32  Belgium
1979 31 March Jerusalem  Israel "Hallelujah" (הללויה) Gali Atari and Milk and Honey Kobi Oshrat, Shimrit Orr 125 9  Spain
1980 19 April The Hague  Ireland "What's Another Year" Johnny Logan Shay Healy 143 15  Germany
1981 4 April Dublin  United Kingdom "Making Your Mind Up" Bucks Fizz John Danter, Andy Hill 136 4  Germany
1982 24 April Harrogate  Germany "Ein bißchen Frieden" Nicole Ralph Siegel, Bernd Meinunger 161 61  Israel
1983 23 April Munich  Luxembourg "Si la vie est cadeau" Corinne Hermès Jean-Pierre Millers, Alain Garcia 142 6  Israel
1984 5 May Luxembourg  Sweden "Diggi-Loo Diggi-Ley" Herreys Torgny Söderberg, Britt Lindeborg 145 8  Ireland
1985 4 May Gothenburg  Norway "La det swinge" Bobbysocks! Rolf Løvland 123 18  Germany
1986 3 May Bergen  Belgium "J'aime la vie" Sandra Kim Jean-Paul Furnémont, Angelo Crisci, Rosario Marino Atria 176 36   Switzerland
1987 9 May Brussels  Ireland "Hold Me Now" Johnny Logan Johnny Logan 172 31  Germany
1988 30 April Dublin   Switzerland "Ne partez pas sans moi" Céline Dion Atilla Şereftuğ, Nella Martinetti 137 1  United Kingdom
1989 6 May Lausanne  Yugoslavia "Rock Me" Riva Rajko Dujmić, Stevo Cvikić 137 7  United Kingdom
1990 5 May Zagreb  Italy "Insieme: 1992" Toto Cutugno Toto Cutugno 149 17  Ireland
 France
1991 4 May Rome  Sweden "Fångad av en stormvind" Carola Stephan Berg 146 0  France
1992 9 May Malmö  Ireland "Why Me" Linda Martin Johnny Logan 155 16  United Kingdom
1993 15 May Millstreet  Ireland "In Your Eyes" Niamh Kavanagh Jimmy Walsh 187 23  United Kingdom
1994 30 April Dublin  Ireland "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan Brendan J. Graham 226 60  Poland
1995 13 May Dublin  Norway "Nocturne" Secret Garden Rolf Løvland, Petter Skavland 148 29  Spain
1996 18 May Oslo  Ireland "The Voice" Eimear Quinn Brendan J. Graham 162 48  Norway
1997 3 May Dublin  United Kingdom "Love Shine a Light" Katrina and the Waves Kimberley Rew 227 70  Ireland
1998 9 May Birmingham  Israel "Diva" (דיווה) Dana International Svika Pick, Yoav Ginai 172 6  United Kingdom
1999 29 May Jerusalem  Sweden "Take Me to Your Heaven" Charlotte Nilsson Lars 'Dille' Diedricson, Marcos Ubeda 163 17  Iceland
2000 13 May Stockholm  Denmark "Fly on the Wings of Love" Olsen Brothers Jørgen Olsen 195 40  Russia
2001 12 May Copenhagen  Estonia "Everybody" Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL Ivar Must, Maian-Anna Kärmas 198 21  Denmark
2002 25 May Tallinn  Latvia "I Wanna" Marie N Marie N, Marats Samauskis 176 12  Malta
2003 24 May Riga  Turkey "Everyway That I Can" Sertab Erener Demir Demirkan, Sertab Erener 167 2  Belgium
2004
[N 1]
15 May Istanbul  Ukraine "Wild Dances" Ruslana Ruslana, Oleksandr Ksenofontov 280 17  Serbia and Montenegro
2005 21 May Kiev  Greece "My Number One" Helena Paparizou Christos Dantis, Natalia Germanou 230 38  Malta
2006 20 May Athens  Finland "Hard Rock Hallelujah" Lordi Mr. Lordi 292 44  Russia
2007 12 May Helsinki  Serbia "Molitva" (Молитва) Marija Šerifović Saša Milošević Mare, Vladimir Graić 268 33  Ukraine
2008
[N 2]
24 May Belgrade  Russia "Believe" Dima Bilan Jim Beanz, Dima Bilan 272 42  Ukraine
2009 16 May Moscow  Norway "Fairytale" Alexander Rybak Alexander Rybak 387 169  Iceland
2010 29 May Oslo  Germany "Satellite" Lena Julie Frost, John Gordon 246 76  Turkey
2011 14 May Düsseldorf  Azerbaijan "Running Scared" Ell & Nikki Stefan Örn, Sandra Bjurman, Iain Farquharson 221 32  Italy
2012 26 May Baku  Sweden "Euphoria" Loreen Thomas G:son, Peter Boström 372 113  Russia
2013 18 May Malmö  Denmark "Only Teardrops" Emmelie de Forest Lise Cabble, Julia Fabrin Jakobsen, Thomas Stengaard 281 47  Azerbaijan
2014 10 May Copenhagen  Austria "Rise Like a Phoenix" Conchita Wurst Charlie Mason, Joey Patulka, Ali Zuckowski, Julian Maas 290 52  Netherlands
2015 23 May Vienna  Sweden "Heroes" Måns Zelmerlöw Linnea Deb, Joy Deb, Anton Hård af Segerstad 365 62  Russia
2016 14 May Stockholm

Eleven Eurovision winners (alongside three non-winners) featured at the Congratulations concert in 2005, in which ABBA's "Waterloo" was voted the most popular song of the contest's first fifty years.[5]

Ireland has finished first seven times, more than any other country, Ireland also won the contest for three consecutive years (1992, 1993, 1994), more consecutive years than any other country. Three countries have won twice in a row, Spain (1968 and 1969), Luxembourg (1972 and 1973) and Israel (1978 and 1979). Along with Switzerland's win in the first contest, Serbia is the only other country to win with its debut entry (in 2007). Since the introduction of the current voting system in 1975, the winner of the contest has been decided by the final voting nation on eleven occasions.[N 3]

Changes to the voting system, including a steady growth in the number of countries participating/voting, means that the points earned are not comparable across the decades. Norway's Alexander Rybak holds the record of the highest number of points in the contest's history, earning 387 when winning Eurovision 2009. Norway/Rybak also hold the largest margin of victory in absolute points, a 169-point cushion over second place in 2009. Norway/Rybak also hold the record for the largest margin of victory by percentage, which is somewhat comparable over the entire history of Eurovision, having earned 78% more points (387 points versus 218 points) over the second place song of 2009. Under the current voting system, the lowest winning score was Norway's/Bobbysocks! 123 points earned (of the 1102 available from 19 countries) when winning Eurovision 1985, while the lowest winning total ever is the 18 points (of the 160 total votes cast by 16 countries) scored by each of the four winning countries in 1969.

Under the current voting system, where each country gives maximum points to its first place choice, Sweden's Loreen won Eurovision 2012 with the most ever first place votes earned, receiving first place votes from 18 of 41 countries (excluding themselves). The 1976 United Kingdom entrant, Brotherhood of Man with the song "Save Your Kisses For Me" holds the record of the highest average score per participating country, with an average of 9.65 points received per country. Under the current voting system, 2011 winner Azerbaijan/Eldar & Nigar, hold the lowest average score for a winning song, receiving 5.14 points per country.

The United Kingdom has finished second fifteen times at Eurovision (most recently in 1998), more than any other country. The most successful country never to have won the Contest is Malta, having finished second in 2002 and 2005 and third in 1992 and 1998.

There is no official runner-up for two of the contests – 1956 and 1969. In 1956 only the winner, Switzerland, was announced, whilst there were speculative reports that Germany ended up in second place in 1956 with "Im Wartesaal zum großen Glück" by Walter Andreas Schwarz, on account that Germany was chosen to host the 1957 contest. In 1969 four songs shared first place by achieving the same number of points, and the second best result was achieved by Switzerland, who is not considered an official runner-up, because of the draw for first place.

By country

Map showing each country's number of Eurovision wins up to and including 2015.[N 4]
Wins Country Years
7  Ireland 1970, 1980, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996
6  Sweden 1974, 1984, 1991, 1999, 2012, 2015
5  France 1958, 1960, 1962, 1969, 1977
 Luxembourg 1961, 1965, 1972, 1973, 1983
 United Kingdom 1967, 1969, 1976, 1981, 1997
4  Netherlands 1957, 1959, 1969, 1975
3  Israel 1978, 1979, 1998
 Norway 1985, 1995, 2009
 Denmark 1963, 2000, 2013
2  Spain 1968, 1969
  Switzerland 1956, 1988
 Italy 1964, 1990
 Germany[N 5] 1982, 2010
 Austria 1966, 2014
1  Monaco 1971
 Belgium 1986
 Yugoslavia 1989
 Estonia 2001
 Latvia 2002
 Turkey 2003
 Ukraine 2004
 Greece 2005
 Finland 2006
 Serbia 2007
 Russia 2008
 Azerbaijan 2011

Year 1969 is in italics to indicate joint (4-way) win.

By language


  English (46.9%)
  French (21.9%)
  Dutch (4.7%)
  Hebrew (4.7%)
  German (3.2%)
  Norwegian (3.2%)
  Swedish (3.2%)
  Italian (3.2%)
  Spanish (3.2%)
  Danish (1.6%)
  Ukrainian (1.6%)
  Croatian (1.6%)
  Serbian (1.6%)

Between 1966 and 1973, and again between 1977 and 1998, countries were only permitted to perform in their own language; see the main Eurovision Song Contest article. In 2007 Marija Šerifović's "Molitva" became the first Serbian-language song to win the contest, the first winner since 1989 to be in a language that had never produced a winning song before and the first winner since 1998 to be entirely in a language other than English.

Wins Language Years Countries
30 English 1967, 1969, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004,[N 6] 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Turkey, Ukraine,[N 6] Greece, Finland, Russia, Norway, Germany, Azerbaijan, Austria
14 French 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1983, 1986, 1988 Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Belgium
3 Dutch 1957, 1959, 1969 Netherlands
Hebrew 1978, 1979, 1998 Israel
2 German 1966, 1982 Austria, Germany
Norwegian 1985, 1995 Norway
Swedish 1984, 1991 Sweden
Italian 1964, 1990 Italy
Spanish 1968, 1969 Spain
1 Danish 1963 Denmark
Ukrainian 2004[N 6] Ukraine[N 6]
Croatian 1989 Yugoslavia
Serbian 2007 Serbia

Photogallery

See also

Notes and references

Footnotes

  1. ^ Since 2004, the contest has included a televised semi-final::— In 2004 held on the Wednesday before the final:— Between 2005 and 2007 held on the Thursday of "Eurovision Week"
  2. ^ Since 2008 the contest has included two semi-finals, held on the Tuesday and Thursday before the final.
  3. ^ 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1998, 2002 and 2003.
  4. ^ the Federal Republic of Germany has two wins, one before, one after German reunification. The map depicts the outline of Germany during both of their wins.
  5. ^ the Federal Republic of Germany has two wins, one before, one after German reunification
  6. ^ a b c d This song was partially sung in Ukrainian.

References

  1. ^ Extract from the rules for the 2007 Eurovision Song Contest. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 22 August 2007.
  2. ^ Eurovision 1956. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 24 May 2008.
  3. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  4. ^ BBC News (6 December 2005). ABBA's Bjorn says no to reunion. Retrieved on 15 March 2008.
  5. ^ ABBA win 'Eurovision 50th' vote. BBC News (23 October 2005). Retrieved on 22 August 2007.

Bibliography

  • Eurovision Song Contest history. Eurovision.tv. Retrieved on 19 August 2007.
  • History. ESCtoday.com. Retrieved on 19 August 2007.
  • John Kennedy O'Connor (2005). The Eurovision Song Contest 50 Years The Official History. London: Carlton Books Limited. ISBN 1-84442-586-X.
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