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List of Presidents of Somalia

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Title: List of Presidents of Somalia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, Mohamed Osman Jawari, Politics of Somalia, Somalia, Somali Republic
Collection: 1960 Establishments in Somalia, History of Somalia, Lists of Presidents, Presidents of Somalia, Somalia-Related Lists
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of Presidents of Somalia

President of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Madaxaweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Seal of the President
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud

since 16 September 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence Villa Somalia
Appointer The Electorate
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
Formation 1 July 1960
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The President of Somalia (Somali: Madaxaweynaha Soomaaliya) is the head of state of Somalia. There have been 8 official presidents since the office was created in 1960. The first President of the Somali Republic was Aden Abdullah Osman Daar. The incumbent President of the Federal Government of Somalia is Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.


  • Presidents of Somalia 1
    • Somali Republic 1.1
    • Somali Democratic Republic 1.2
    • Somali Civil War 1.3
    • Transitional National Government 1.4
    • Transitional Federal Government 1.5
    • Federal Republic of Somalia 1.6
  • Footnotes 2
  • Latest election 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Presidents of Somalia

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Somali Republic

  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Duration
1 Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
1 July 1960 10 June 1967 6 years, 344 days Somali Youth League
2 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
10 June 1967 15 October 1969
2 years, 127 days Somali Youth League
Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein
15 October 1969 21 October 1969
6 days Somali Youth League

Somali Democratic Republic

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Duration
3 Mohamed Siad Barre
21 October 1969 26 January 1991
21 years, 97 days Military /
Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party

Somali Civil War

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Duration
4 Ali Mahdi Muhammad
27 January 1991 3 January 1997 5 years, 342 days United Somali Congress
Vacant (3 January 1997–27 August 2000)[3]

Transitional National Government

President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Duration
5 Abdiqasim Salad Hassan
27 August 2000 14 October 2004 4 years, 48 days Independent

Transitional Federal Government

  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Duration
6 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
14 October 2004 29 December 2008
4 years, 76 days Independent
Adan Mohamed Nuur Madobe
(c. 1957–)
29 December 2008 31 January 2009 33 days Rahanweyn Resistance Army
7 Sharif Sheikh Ahmed
31 January 2009 20 August 2012 3 years, 202 days Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia

  Denotes Acting President
President Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
Took office Left office Duration
Muse Hassan Sheikh Sayid Abdulle
20 August 2012 28 August 2012 8 days Independent
Mohamed Osman Jawari
28 August 2012 16 September 2012 19 days Independent
8 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
16 September 2012 Incumbent 3 years, 299 days Peace and Development Party


  1. ^ Also styled as President of Supreme Revolutionary Council
  2. ^ From November 1991 to 1995, Ali Mahdi Muhammad enjoyed recognition as President in the international community following the 1991 Djibouti conference: "at the second Djibouti conference (Aideed boycotted the first) held between 15 and 21 July 1991, Ali Mahdi was elected interim President of Somalia for a period of two years[...] Because of the legitimacy conferred on Ali Mahdi by the Djibouti conference, his government was recognized by several countries, including Djibouti, Egypt, Italy, and Saudi Arabia"; c.f. [3].
  3. ^ In the second half of the 1990s, different faction leaders vied for the Presidency, with none receiving international recognition. General Mohamed Farrah Aidid claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 2 August 1996 to 20 March 1998.
  4. ^ From 20 August 2012 to 28 August 2012, Muse Hassan Abdulle served as acting Speaker of the Parliament, and as such, as acting President while elections for a new Speaker and President were forthcoming. Per Article 95 of the provisional constitution: "If the Office of the President of the Federal Republic of Somalia falls vacant, the Speaker of the House of the People of the Federal Parliament shall act as President of the Federal Republic until such time as a new President of the Federal Republic is elected, within a maximum of thirty (30) days."; also c.f. – August 2012, [4].

Latest election

See also


  • World Statesmen - Somalia
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