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List of Prime Ministers of France

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Title: List of Prime Ministers of France  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gaëtan de Rochebouët, Albert Sarraut, Prime Minister of France, Henri Brisson, Léon Gambetta
Collection: Lists of Government Ministers of France, Lists of Prime Ministers, Prime Ministers of France
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Date:
 

List of Prime Ministers of France

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
France
France portal

The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre français) in the Fifth Republic is the Head of government and of the Cabinet of France. The Head of state is the President of France.

During earlier periods of French history, the French head of government was known by different titles. Most recently, during the Second, Third and Fourth Republics, the Head of Government was called President of the Council of Ministers (Président du Conseil des Ministres), generally shortened to President of the Council (Président du Conseil).

Contents

  • Kingdom of France (843–1792) 1
  • French First Republic (1792–1804) 2
    • Chiefs of Government 2.1
    • Secretary of State 2.2
  • First French Empire (1804–1815) 3
    • President of the State Council 3.1
  • Restored Kingdom of France (1815–1848) 4
    • Presidents of the Council of Ministers 4.1
  • French Second Republic (1848–1852) 5
    • Presidents of the Council of Ministers 5.1
  • Second French Empire (1852–1870) 6
    • Cabinet Chiefs 6.1
  • French Third Republic (1870–1940) 7
    • President of the Government of National Defense 7.1
    • Presidents of the Council of Ministers 7.2
  • Vichy France (1940–1944) 8
  • Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1947) 9
    • Chairmen of the Provisional Government 9.1
  • French Fourth Republic (1947–1959) 10
    • Presidents of the Council of Ministers 10.1
  • French Fifth Republic (1959–present) 11
    • Presidents of the Council of Ministers 11.1
    • Timeline since 1959 11.2
  • See also 12
  • External links 13
  • References 14

Kingdom of France (843–1792)

Under the Kingdom of France, there was no official title for the leader of the government. The ministers of certain Kings of France nonetheless led the government de facto.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office King
(Reign)
Maximilien de Béthune, Duke of Sully
(1560–1641)
2 August 1589 29 January 1611 Henry IV

(1589–1610)
Nicolas de Neufville, seigneur de Villeroy
(1543–1617)
29 January 1611 1614 Louis XIII

(1610–1643)
Concino Concini
(1575–1617)
1616 24 April 1617
(Died in office)
Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu and of Fronsac
(1585–1642)
12 August 1624 4 December 1642
(Died in office)
Cardinal Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino
(1602–1661)
4 December 1642 9 March 1661
(Died in office)
Louis XIV

(1643–1715)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XIV and then by the regent Philippe II, Duke of Orleans)
9 March 1661 16 February 1723
Cardinal Guillaume Dubois
(1656–1723)
16 February 1723 10 August 1723
(Died in office)
Louis XV

(1715–1774)
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
(1674–1723)
10 August 1723 2 December 1723
(Died in office)
Louis Henri, Duke of Bourbon
(1692–1740)
2 December 1723 11 June 1726
Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury
(1653–1743)
11 June 1726 29 January 1743
(Died in office)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Louis XV)
29 January 1743 3 December 1758
Étienne François de Choiseul, Duke of Choiseul
(1719–1785)
3 December 1758 24 December 1770
René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou
(1714–1792)
24 December 1770 14 May 1774
Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, comte de Maurepas
(1701–1781)
14 May 1774 21 November 1781
(Died in office)
Louis XVI

(1774–1792)
Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes
(1717–1787)
21 November 1781 13 February 1787
(Died in office)
Archbishop Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne
(1727–1794)
1 May 1787 25 August 1788
Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
25 August 1788 11 July 1789
Louis Auguste Le Tonnelier de Breteuil
(1730–1807)
11 July 1789 16 July 1789
Jacques Necker
(1732–1804)
16 July 1789 3 September 1790
Armand Marc, comte de Montmorin
(1745–1792)
3 September 1790 29 November 1791

French First Republic (1792–1804)

Chiefs of Government

Political parties

      Independent
      Girondists
      Montagnards

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Head of State
(Term)
1 Jean-Marie Roland
(1734–1793)
10 August 1792 23 January 1793 Girondist I
(1792)
Jean Baptiste Treilhard

(1792–1793)
2 Dominique Joseph Garat
(1749–1833)
23 January 1793 20 August 1793 Girondist Georges Danton

(1793)
3 Jules-François Paré
(1755–1819)
20 August 1793 5 April 1794 Montagnard
4 Jean-Marie Claude Alexandre Goujon
(1766–1795)
5 April 1794 8 April 1794 Montagnard Maximilien Robespierre

(1793–1794)
5 Martial Joseph Armand Herman
(1749–1795)
8 April 1794 20 April 1794 Montagnard

Secretary of State

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Consul
(Term)
1 Hugues-Bernard Maret
(1763–1839)
25 December 1799 18 May 1804 Independent Napoléon Bonaparte

(1799–1804)

First French Empire (1804–1815)

President of the State Council

# Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
1 Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès
(1753–1824)
1 18 May 1804 1 April 1814 Independent
(Bonapartist)
Napoleon I

(1804–1814)

Restored Kingdom of France (1815–1848)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

      Independent
      Ultra-royalists
      Doctrinaires
      Movement Party
      Resistance Party

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
King
(Reign)
1 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
(1754–1838)
9 July 1815 26 September 1815 Independent I (1815) Louis XVIII

(1815–1824)
2 Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
1 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Ultra-royalist
3 Jean-Joseph, Marquis Dessolles
(1767–1828)
29 December 1818 19 November 1819 Doctrinaires II (1816)
4 Élie Decazes, duc de Glücksbierg and Decazes
(1780–1860)
19 November 1819 20 February 1820 Doctrinaires
5 Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu
(1766–1822)
2 20 February 1820 14 December 1821 Ultra-royalist III (1820)
6 Jean-Baptiste de Villèle
(1773–1854)
14 December 1821 4 January 1828 Ultra-royalist IV (1824)
7 Jean Baptiste Gay, vicomte de Martignac
(1778–1832)
4 January 1828 8 August 1829 Ultra-royalist V (1827) Charles X

(1824–1830)
8 Jules de Polignac, duc de Polignac
(1780–1847)
8 August 1829 29 July 1830 Ultra-royalist
9 Achille-Léonce-Victor-Charles, duc de Broglie
(1785–1870)
1 13 August 1830 2 November 1830 Independent VI (1830) Louis Philippe I

(1830–1848)
10 Jacques Laffitte
(1767–1844)
2 November 1830 13 March 1831 Movement Party
11 Casimir Pierre Périer
(1777–1832)
13 March 1831 16 May 1832 Resistance Party VII (1831)
12 Jean-de-Dieu Soult, duc of Dalmatie
(1769–1851)
1 11 October 1832 18 July 1834 Movement Party
13 Étienne Maurice Gérard
(1773–1852)
18 July 1834 10 November 1834 Independent IX (1834)
14 Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano
(1763–1839)
10 November 1834 18 November 1834 Independent
15 Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise
(1768–1835)
18 November 1834 12 March 1835 Independent
16 Achille-Léonce-Victor-Charles, duc de Broglie
(1785–1870)
2 12 March 1835 22 February 1836 Independent
17 Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
1 22 February 1836 6 September 1836 Movement Party
18 Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
1 6 September 1836 31 March 1839 Independent X (1837)
2
19 Jean-de-Dieu Soult, duc of Dalmatie
(1769–1851)
2 12 May 1839 1 March 1840 Movement Party XI (1839)
20 Adolphe Thiers
(1797–1877)
2 1 March 1840 29 October 1840 Movement Party
21 Jean-de-Dieu Soult, duc of Dalmatie
(1769–1851)
3 29 October 1840 19 September 1847 Movement Party XII (1842)
22 François Guizot
(1787–1874)
19 September 1847 23 February 1848 Resistance Party VII (1846)
23 Louis-Mathieu Molé
(1781–1855)
23 February 1848 24 February 1848 Resistance Party

French Second Republic (1848–1852)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

      Moderate Republican
      Party of Order
      Bonapartist

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
24 Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
(1767–1855)
24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Moderate Republican I
(1848)
Executive Commission
(1848)
25 François Arago
(1786–1853)
10 May 1848 24 June 1848 Moderate Republican
26 Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
(1802–1857)
28 June 1848 20 December 1848 Moderate Republican
27 Odilon Barrot
(1791–1873)
1 20 December 1848 31 October 1849 Party of Order Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte

(1848–1852)
2 II
(1849)
28 Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul
(1789–1865)
31 October 1849 24 January 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
24 January 1851 10 April 1851 Independent
(Bonapartist)
29 Léon Faucher
(1803–1854)
10 April 1851 26 October 1851 Party of Order
Position vacant
(government led by
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte)
0 26 October 1851 2 December 1852 Independent
(Bonapartist)
1
2

Second French Empire (1852–1870)

Cabinet Chiefs

Political parties

      Independent
      Bonapartist

# Portrait Name Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
Position vacant
(absolute rule by Napoleon III)
3 2 December 1852 27 December 1869 (Bonapartist) I (1852) Napoleon III

(1852–1870)
II (1857)
III (1863)
4 IV (1869)
30 Émile Ollivier
(1825–1913)
2 January 1870 9 August 1870 Bonapartist
31 Charles Cousin-Montauban,
comte de Palikao

(1796–1878)
9 August 1870 4 September 1870 Independent

French Third Republic (1870–1940)

President of the Government of National Defense

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
32 Louis-Jules Trochu
(1815–1896)
4 September 1870 22 January 1871 Military None

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political Parties

      Independent
      Moderate Monarchist (Legitimist/Orleanist)
      Opportunist Republicans
      Republican Union
      Radical-Socialist Party
      Democratic Republican Alliance
      Republican-Socialist Party
      French Section of the Workers' International

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
33 Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
1 19 February 1871 24 May 1873 Independent National Assembly (1871) Adolphe Thiers

(1871–1873)
2
34 Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
1 25 May 1873 22 May 1874 Moderate Monarchist Patrice de Mac Mahon

(1873–1879)
2
35 Ernest Courtot de Cissey
(1810–1882)
22 May 1874 10 March 1875 Moderate Monarchist
36 Louis Buffet
(1818–1898)
10 March 1875 23 February 1876 Moderate Monarchist
37 Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
3 23 February 1876 12 December 1876 Opportunist Republican
4
38 Jules Simon
(1814–1896)
12 December 1876 17 May 1877 Opportunist Republican I (1876)
39 Albert, duc de Broglie
(1821–1901)
3 17 May 1877 23 November 1877 Moderate Monarchist
40 Gaëtan de Rochebouët
(1813–1899)
23 November 1877 13 December 1877 Moderate Monarchist II (1877)
41 Jules Armand Dufaure
(1798–1881)
5 13 December 1877 4 February 1879 Opportunist Republican
42 William Waddington
(1826–1894)
4 February 1879 28 December 1879 Opportunist Republican Jules Grévy

(1879–1887)
43 Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
1 28 December 1879 23 September 1880 Opportunist Republican
44 Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
1 23 September 1880 14 November 1881 Opportunist Republican
45 Léon Gambetta
(1838–1882)
14 November 1881 30 January 1882 Republican Union III (1881)
46 Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
2 30 January 1882 7 August 1882 Opportunist Republican
47 Charles Duclerc
(1812–1988)
7 August 1882 29 January 1883 Opportunist Republican
48 Armand Fallières
(1841–1931)
29 January 1883 21 February 1883 Opportunist Republican
49 Jules Ferry
(1832–1893)
2 21 February 1883 6 April 1885 Opportunist Republican
50 Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
1 6 April 1885 7 January 1886 Republican Union
51 Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
3 7 January 1886 16 December 1886 Opportunist Republican IV (1885)
52 René Goblet
(1828–1905)
16 December 1886 30 May 1887 Independent
53 Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
1 30 May 1887 12 December 1887 Republican Union
54 Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
1 12 December 1887 3 April 1888 Independent Marie François Sadi Carnot

(1887–1894)
55 Charles Floquet
(1828–1896)
3 April 1888 22 February 1889 Republican Union
56 Pierre Tirard
(1827–1893)
2 22 February 1889 17 March 1890 Independent
57 Charles de Freycinet
(1828–1923)
4 17 March 1890 27 February 1892 Opportunist Republican V (1889)
58 Émile Loubet
(1838–1929)
27 February 1892 6 December 1892 Opportunist Republican
59 Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
1 6 December 1892 4 April 1893 Opportunist Republican
2
60 Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
1 4 April 1893 3 December 1893 Opportunist Republican
61 Jean Casimir-Perier
(1847–1907)
3 December 1893 30 May 1894 Opportunist Republican VI (1893)
62 Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
2 30 May 1894 26 January 1895 Opportunist Republican
3 Jean Casimir-Perier

(1894–1895)
63 Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
3 26 January 1895 1 November 1895 Opportunist Republican Félix Faure

(1895–1899)
64 Léon Bourgeois
(1851–1925)
1 November 1895 29 April 1896 Radical-Socialist Party
65 Jules Méline
(1838–1925)
29 April 1896 28 June 1898 Opportunist Republican
66 Henri Brisson
(1835–1912)
2 28 June 1898 1 November 1898 Republican Union VII (1898)
67 Charles Dupuy
(1851–1923)
4 1 November 1898 22 June 1899 Opportunist Republican
5 Émile Loubet

(1899–1906)
68 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
(1846–1904)
22 June 1899 7 June 1902 Democratic Republican Alliance
69 Émile Combes
(1835–1921)
7 June 1902 24 January 1905 Radical-Socialist Party
(Bloc des gauches)
VIII (1902)
70 Maurice Rouvier
(1842–1911)
2 24 January 1905 12 March 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
3 Armand Fallières

(1906–1913)
71 Ferdinand Sarrien
(1840–1915)
12 March 1906 25 October 1906 Radical-Socialist Party
72 Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
1 25 October 1906 24 July 1909 Radical-Socialist Party IX (1906)
73 Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
1 24 July 1909 2 March 1911 Republican-Socialist Party
2
74 Ernest Monis
(1846–1929)
2 March 1911 27 June 1911 Radical-Socialist Party X (1910)
75 Joseph Caillaux
(1863–1944)
27 June 1911 21 January 1912 Radical-Socialist Party
76 Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
1 21 January 1912 21 January 1913 Democratic Republican Party
77 Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
3 21 January 1913 22 March 1913 Republican-Socialist Party
4 Raymond Poincaré

(1913–1920)
78 Louis Barthou
(1862–1934)
22 March 1913 9 December 1913 Democratic Republican Party
79 Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
1 9 December 1913 9 June 1914 Radical-Socialist Party
80 Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
4 9 June 1914 13 June 1914 Democratic Republican Party XI (1914)
81 René Viviani
(1863–1925)
1 13 June 1914 29 October 1915 Republican-Socialist Party
2
82 Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
5 29 October 1915 20 March 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
6
83 Alexandre Ribot
(1842–1923)
5 20 March 1917 12 September 1917 Democratic Republican Party
84 Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
1 12 September 1917 16 November 1917 Republican-Socialist Party
85 Georges Clemenceau
(1841–1929)
2 16 November 1917 20 January 1920 Radical-Socialist Party
86 Alexandre Millerand
(1859–1943)
1 20 January 1920 24 September 1920 Independent
(National Bloc)
XII (1919)
2 Paul Deschanel

(1920)
87 Georges Leygues
(1857–1933)
24 September 1920 16 January 1921 Democratic Republican and Social Party
(National Bloc)
Alexandre Millerand

(1920–1924)
88 Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
7 16 January 1921 15 January 1922 Republican-Socialist Party
89 Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
2 15 January 1922 8 June 1924 Democratic Republican and Social Party
(National Bloc)
3
90 Frédéric François-Marsal
(1874–1958)
8 June 1924 15 June 1924 Independent
(National Bloc)
91 Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
1 15 June 1924 17 April 1925 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XIII (1924) Gaston Doumergue

(1924–1931)
92 Paul Painlevé
(1863–1933)
2 17 April 1925 28 November 1925 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
3
93 Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
8 28 November 1925 20 July 1926 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
9
10
94 Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
2 20 July 1926 23 July 1926 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
95 Raymond Poincaré
(1860–1934)
4 23 July 1926 29 July 1929 Democratic Alliance
(National Union)
5
96 Aristide Briand
(1862–1932)
11 29 July 1929 2 November 1929 Republican-Socialist Party XIV (1928)
97 André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
1 2 November 1929 21 February 1930 Democratic Alliance
98 Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
1 21 February 1930 2 March 1930 Radical-Socialist Party
99 André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
2 2 March 1930 13 December 1930 Democratic Alliance
100 Théodore Steeg
(1868–1950)
13 December 1930 27 January 1931 Radical-Socialist Party
101 Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
1 27 January 1931 20 February 1932 Independent
(National Bloc)
2 Paul Doumer

(1931–1932)
3
102 André Tardieu
(1876–1945)
3 20 February 1932 3 June 1932 Democratic Alliance
103 Édouard Herriot
(1872–1957)
3 3 June 1932 18 December 1932 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
XV (1932) Albert Lebrun

(1932–1940)
104 Joseph Paul-Boncour
(1873–1972)
18 December 1932 31 January 1933 Republican-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
105 Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
1 31 January 1933 26 October 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
106 Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
1 26 October 1933 26 November 1933 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
107 Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
2 26 November 1933 30 January 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
108 Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
2 30 January 1934 9 February 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Cartel des Gauches)
109 Gaston Doumergue
(1863–1937)
2 9 February 1934 8 November 1934 Radical-Socialist Party
(Government of National Union)
110 Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
1 8 November 1934 1 June 1935 Democratic Alliance
111 Fernand Bouisson
(1874–1959)
1 June 1935 7 June 1935 Republican-Socialist Party
112 Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
4 7 June 1935 24 January 1936 Independent
(National Bloc)
113 Albert Sarraut
(1872–1962)
2 24 January 1936 4 June 1936 Radical-Socialist Party
114 Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
1 4 June 1936 22 June 1937 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
XVI (1936)
115 Camille Chautemps
(1885–1963)
3 22 June 1937 13 March 1938 Radical-Socialist Party
(Popular Front)
4
116 Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
2 13 March 1938 10 April 1938 French Section of the Workers' International
(Popular Front)
117 Édouard Daladier
(1884–1970)
3 10 April 1938 21 March 1940 Radical-Socialist Party
4
5
118 Paul Reynaud
(1878–1966)
21 March 1940 16 June 1940 Democratic Alliance

Vichy France (1940–1944)

Political parties

      Independent collaborationist

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Chief of State
(Term)
119 Philippe Pétain
(1856–1951)
16 June 1940 11 July 1940 Independent None Philippe Pétain

(1940–1944)
120 Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
5 11 July 1940 13 December 1940 Independent
121 Pierre-Étienne Flandin
(1889–1958)
2 13 December 1940 9 February 1941 Independent
122 François Darlan
(1881–1942)
9 February 1941 18 April 1942
(Died in office)
Independent
123 Pierre Laval
(1883–1945)
6 18 April 1942 19 August 1944 Independent

Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–1947)

Chairmen of the Provisional Government

Political parties

      Independent
      French Section of the Workers' International
      Popular Republican Movement

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
124 Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
1 20 August 1944 26 January 1946 Independent Provisional
2 I (1945)
125 Félix Gouin
(1884–1977)
26 January 1946 24 June 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
126 Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
1 24 June 1946 28 November 1946 Popular Republican Movement
(Tripartisme)
II (June 1946)
Vincent Auriol
(1884–1966)
(interim)
28 November 1946 16 December 1946 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
IV Rep.
I (Nov.1946)
127 Léon Blum
(1872–1950)
3 16 December 1946 22 January 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)

French Fourth Republic (1947–1959)

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

      French Section of the Workers' International
      Radical Party
      Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
      Popular Republican Movement
      National Centre of Independents and Peasants
      Union for the New Republic

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
128 Paul Ramadier
(1888–1961)
1 22 January 1947 24 November 1947 French Section of the Workers' International
(Tripartisme)
I (Nov.1946) Vincent Auriol

(1947–1954)
2
129 Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
1 24 November 1947 24 July 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
130 André Marie 24 July 1948 2 September 1948 Radical Party
(Third Force)
131 Robert Schuman
(1886–1963)
2 2 September 1948 11 September 1948 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
132 Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
1 11 September 1948 28 October 1949 Radical Party
(Third Force)
133 Georges Bidault
(1899–1983)
2 28 October 1949 2 July 1950 Popular Republican Movement
(Third Force)
3
134 Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
2 2 July 1950 12 July 1950 Radical Party
(Third Force)
135 René Pleven
(1901–1993)
1 12 July 1950 10 March 1951 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
136 Henri Queuille
(1884–1970)
3 10 March 1951 11 August 1951 Radical Party
(Third Force)
137 René Pleven
(1901–1993)
2 11 August 1951 20 January 1952 Democratic and Socialist Union of the Resistance
(Third Force)
II (1951)
138 Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
1 20 January 1952 8 March 1952 Radical Party
139 Antoine Pinay
(1891–1994)
8 March 1952 8 January 1953 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
140 René Mayer
(1895–1972)
8 January 1953 28 June 1953 Radical Party
141 Joseph Laniel
(1889–1975)
1 28 June 1953 19 June 1954 National Centre of Independents and Peasants
2 René Coty

(1954–1959)
142 Pierre Mendès France
(1907–1982)
19 June 1954 17 February 1955 Radical Party
Christian Pineau
(1904–1995)
(acting)
17 February 1955 23 February 1955 French Section of the Workers International
143 Edgar Faure
(1908–1988)
2 23 February 1955 1 February 1956 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
144 Guy Mollet
(1905–1975)
1 February 1956 13 June 1957 French Section of the Workers' International
(Republican Front)
III (1956)
145 Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
(1914–1993)
13 June 1957 6 November 1957 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
146 Félix Gaillard
(1919–1970)
6 November 1957 14 May 1958 Radical Party
(Republican Front)
147 Pierre Pflimlin
(1907–2000)
14 May 1958 1 June 1958 Popular Republican Movement
148 Charles de Gaulle
(1890–1970)
3 1 June 1958 8 January 1959 Union for the New Republic

French Fifth Republic (1959–present)

This was the first time when the term Prime Minister was used, rather than President of the Council of Ministers, reflecting the new power-sharing with the President of the Republic, who had before then been only head of state but not head of government.

Presidents of the Council of Ministers

Political parties

      Independent
      Union for the New Republic
      Union of Democrats for the Republic
      Rally for the Republic
      Republican Party (Union for French Democracy)
      Socialist Party
      Union for a Popular Movement

# Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
(Political Coalition)
Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
149 Michel Debré
(1912–1996)
8 January 1959 14 April 1962 Union for the New Republic I (1958) Charles de Gaulle

(1959–1969)
150 Georges Pompidou
(1911–1974)
1 14 April 1962 7 December 1962 Union for the New Republic
2 7 December 1962 8 January 1966 II (1962)
3 8 January 1966 1 April 1967
4 5 April 1967 10 July 1968 III (1967)
151 Maurice Couve de Murville
(1907–1999)
10 July 1968 20 June 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic IV (1968)
152 Jacques Chaban-Delmas
(1915–2000)
20 June 1969 6 July 1972 Union of Democrats for the Republic Georges Pompidou

(1969–1974)
153 Pierre Messmer
(1916–2007)
1 6 July 1972 5 April 1973 Union of Democrats for the Republic
2 5 April 1973 1 March 1974 V (1973)
3 1 March 1974 27 May 1974
154 Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
1 27 May 1974 26 August 1976 Union of Democrats for the Republic Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

(1974–1981)
155 Raymond Barre
(1924–2007)
1 26 August 1976 29 March 1977 Independent
(Union for French Democracy)
2 29 March 1977 31 March 1978
3 31 March 1978 21 May 1981 VI (1978)
156 Pierre Mauroy
(1928–2013)
1 21 May 1981 23 June 1981 Socialist Party
(Union of the Left)
François Mitterrand

(1981–1995)
2 23 June 1981 23 March 1983 VII (1981)
3 23 March 1983 17 July 1984
157 Laurent Fabius
(1946–)
17 July 1984 20 March 1986 Socialist Party
158 Jacques Chirac
(1932–)
2 20 March 1986 10 May 1988 Rally for the Republic VIII (1986)
159 Michel Rocard
(1930–)
1 10 May 1988 22 June 1988 Socialist Party
2 23 June 1988 15 May 1991 IX (1988)
160 Édith Cresson
(1934–)
15 May 1991 2 April 1992 Socialist Party
161 Pierre Bérégovoy
(1925–1993)
2 April 1992 29 March 1993 Socialist Party
162 Édouard Balladur
(1929–)
29 March 1993 18 May 1995 Rally for the Republic
(Union for France)
X (1993)
163 Alain Juppé
(1945–)
1 18 May 1995 7 November 1995 Rally for the Republic
(Union for France)
Jacques Chirac

(1995–2007)
2 7 November 1995 3 June 1997
164 Lionel Jospin
(1937–)
3 June 1997 6 May 2002 Socialist Party
(Plural Left)
XI (1997)
165 Jean-Pierre Raffarin
(1948–)
1 7 May 2002 17 June 2002 Liberal Democracy
then Union for a Popular Movement
2 17 June 2002 30 March 2004 XII (2002)
3 31 March 2004 31 May 2005
166 Dominique de Villepin
(1953–)
31 May 2005 17 May 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
167 François Fillon
(1954–)
1 17 May 2007 18 June 2007 Union for a Popular Movement
(Committee of the Majority)
Nicolas Sarkozy

(2007–2012)
2 19 June 2007 13 November 2010 XIII (2007)
3 14 November 2010 16 May 2012
168 Jean-Marc Ayrault
(1950–)
1 16 May 2012 18 June 2012 Socialist Party François Hollande

(2012– )
2 18 June 2012 31 March 2014 XIV (2012)
169 Manuel Valls
(1962–)
31 March 2014 Incumbent Socialist Party

Timeline since 1959

See also

External links

  • List on the website of the French Prime Minister (in French)

References

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