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List of Prime Ministers of Israel

 

List of Prime Ministers of Israel

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Israel since the establishment of that country in 1948.

Contents

  • Prime Ministers of Israel (1948–present) 1
    • Notes 1.1
  • Term of office in years 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Prime Ministers of Israel (1948–present)

Colour key
Mapai/Alignment/Labor Likud Kadima
A total of twelve people have served as Prime Minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an Interim Prime Minister. The other two who have served as Interim Prime Minister have gone on to become the Prime Minister.
Prime Minister Elected
(Knesset)
Government
No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Political Party Term No. Term Political Parties
1 David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן

(1886–1973)

Mapai 14 May 1948
– 26 January 1954
Prov. 14 May 1948 10 March 1949 MapaiMapamHHaMNew AliyahS&OMizrachiGen.ZionistsAgudat
1949 (1st) 1st 10 March 1949 1 November 1950 MapaiURFProgressiveS&ODLN
2nd 1 November 1950 8 October 1951
1951 (2nd) 3rd 8 October 1951 24 December 1952 MapaiMizrachiHHaM-AY-PAYDLIA-P&W-A&D
4th 24 December 1952 26 January 1954 MapaiGen.ZionistsProgressiveMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
2 Moshe Sharett
משֶׁה שָרֵת

(1894–1965)

Mapai 26 January 1954
– 3 November 1955
5th 26 January 1954 29 June 1955
6th 29 June 1955 3 November 1955 MapaiMizrachiHHaMDLIA-P&W-A&D
(1) David Ben-Gurion
דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן

(1886–1973)

Mapai 3 November 1955
– 26 June 1963
1955 (3rd) 7th 3 November 1955 7 January 1958 MapaiNRPMapamAHaAProgressiveDLIA-P&W-A&DP&D-C&B[9]
8th 7 January 1958 17 December 1959
1959 (4th) 9th 17 December 1959 2 November 1961
1961 (5th) 10th 2 November 1961 26 June 1963 MapaiNRPAHaAPAYP&D-C&B
3 Levi Eshkol
לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל

(1895–1969)

Mapai 26 June 1963
– 26 February 1969[2]
11th 26 June 1963 22 December 1964
12th 22 December 1964 12 January 1966
Alignment[1]
Mapai/Labor
1965 (6th) 13th 12 January 1966 17 March 1969 AlignmentNRPMapamIndep.LiberalsPAYP&D-C&BGahal[9]Rafi[9]
Yigal Allon
יִגְאָל אַלּוֹן

(1918–1980) (interim)

Alignment
Labor
(26 February 1969
– 17 March 1969
)[2]
4 Golda Meir
גּוֹלְדָּה מֵאִיר

(1898–1978)

Alignment
Labor
17 March 1969
– 3 June 1974
14th 17 March 1969 15 December 1969
1969 (7th) 15th 15 December 1969 10 March 1974 AlignmentGahal[9]NRPIndep.LiberalsP&D-C&B
1973 (8th) 16th 10 March 1974 3 June 1974 AlignmentNRPIndep.Liberals
5 Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין

(1922–1995)

Alignment
Labor
3 June 1974
– 20 June 1977[3]
17th 3 June 1974 20 June 1977 AlignmentIndep.LiberalsRatz[9]NRP[9]
6 Menachem Begin
מְנַחֵם בֵּגִין

(1913–1992)

Likud 20 June 1977
– 10 October 1983
1977 (9th) 18th 20 June 1977 5 August 1981 LikudNRPAgudatDash[9]
1981 (10th) 19th 5 August 1981 10 October 1983 LikudNRPAgudatTamiTelem/MRSZ[9]Tehiya[9]
7 Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

(1915–2012)

Likud 10 October 1983
– 13 September 1984
20th 10 October 1983 13 September 1984
8 Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)[4]

Alignment
Labor
13 September 1984
– 20 October 1986
1984 (11th) 21st 13 September 1984 20 October 1986 AlignmentLikudNRPAgudatShasMorasha[9]ShinuiOmetz
(7) Yitzhak Shamir
יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

(1915–2012)[4]

Likud 20 October 1986
– 13 July 1992
22nd 20 October 1986 22 December 1988
1988 (12th) 23rd 22 December 1988 11 June 1990 LikudAlignmentNRPShasAgudatDegel HaTorah
24th 11 June 1990 13 July 1992 LikudNRPShasAgudatDegel HaTorahNew LiberalTehiyaTzometMoledetUPIGeulat
(5) Yitzhak Rabin
יִצְחָק רַבִּין

(1922–1995)

Labor 13 July 1992
– 4 November 1995[5]
1992 (13th) 25th 13 July 1992 22 November 1995 LaborMeretzShas[9]Yiud[9]
(8) Shimon Peres
שִׁמְעוֹן פֶּרֶס

(1923–)

Labor (4 November 1995)[5]
22 November 1995
– 18 June 1996
26th 22 November 1995 18 June 1996
9 Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ

(1949–)

Likud 18 June 1996
– 6 July 1999
1996 14th 27th 18 June 1996 6 July 1999 Likud-Gesher-TzometShasNRPBaAliyahUTJThird Way
10 Ehud Barak
אֵהוּד בָּרָק

(1942–)

One Israel
Labor
6 July 1999
– 7 March 2001
1999 15th 28th 6 July 1999 7 March 2001 One IsraelShasMeretzBaAliyahCentreNRPUTJ[9]


11
Ariel Sharon
אֲרִיאֵל שָׁרוֹן

(1928–2014)

Likud 7 March 2001
(4 January 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
2001 29th 7 March 2001 28 February 2003 LikudLabor-Meimad[9]Shas[9]CentreNRPUTJBaAliyahNU-BeiteinuNew WayGesher
2003 (16th) 30th 28 February 2003 21 November 2005 LikudShinui[9]NU[9]NRP[9]Labor-MeimadAgudat[9]
Kadima[6] 21 November 2005 4 May 2006 KadimaLikud[9]Agudat
12 Ehud Olmert
אֵהוּד אוֹלְמֶ‏רט

(1945–)

Kadima (4 January 2006)[7]
14 April 2006
– 31 March 2009
2006 (17th) 31st 4 May 2006 31 March 2009[8] KadimaLaborShasGilBeiteinu[9]
(9) Benjamin Netanyahu
בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ

(1949–)

Likud 31 March 2009
Incumbent
2009 (18th) 32nd 31 March 2009 18 March 2013 LikudBeiteinuShasLabor/Indep.[9]Jewish HomeUTJ[9]
2013 (19th) 33rd 18 March 2013 Incumbent LikudYesh AtidThe Jewish HomeYisrael BeiteinuHatnuah
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Israel

Notes

1 For the 1965 elections, Mapai allied with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labor Alignment, later renamed Alignment. This first Alignment ended when Mapai, Adhut HaAvoda and Rafi merged to form the Labor Party on 23 January 1968. On 28 January 1969, Labor formed a second Alignment in alliance with Mapam.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as Acting Prime Minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but legally remained Prime Minister until Begin's first government was formed. However, Shimon Peres unofficially served as Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 until 21 June 1977.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of Prime Minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as Prime Minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as Acting Prime Minister until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, Prime Minister Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה בפועל‎) from 4 January[1] to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Government 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister for the remainder of the 30th government, finally becoming full Prime Minister on the formation of the 31st government.[2]

8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this, his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "Interim" Prime Minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the Prime Minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case).[3]

9 The following parties were members of a government during only part of its term:

Term of office in years

  1. David Ben-Gurion: 13 years and 112 days (first term: 5 years and 258 days; second term: 7 years and 229 days)
  2. Benjamin Netanyahu: Incumbent - 8 years, 348 days as of 24 February 2015 (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second and current term: 5 years, 330 days)
    If Netanyahu is still Prime Minister on July 4, 2019 - he would become the longest serving Prime Minister in Israel's history
  3. Yitzhak Shamir: 6 years and 242 days (first term: 339 days; second term: 5 years and 268 days)
  4. Yitzhak Rabin: 6 years and 132 days (first term: 3 years and 18 days; second term: 3 years and 114 days)
  5. Menachem Begin: 6 years and 113 days
  6. Levi Eshkol: 5 years and 247 days
  7. Ariel Sharon: 5 years and 39 days (Including a 100 days period of "temporary incapacitation" wherein the Prime minister's authorities were delegated to the Designated Acting Prime Minister)
  8. Golda Meir: 5 years and 19 days
  9. Ehud Olmert: 2 years and 351 days (In addition, served as Acting Prime Minister, wherein the Prime Minister's authorities were delegated to him)
  10. Shimon Peres: 2 years and 264 days (first term: 2 years and 37 days; second term: 227 days)
  11. Moshe Sharett: 1 year and 281 days
  12. Ehud Barak: 1 year and 245 days

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Knesset, Governments of Israel
  2. ^ Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001
  3. ^ Mazal Mualem, Shahar Ilan, Barak Ravid, Haaretz Correspondents, and  

External links

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