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List of Western Ghats butterflies

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List of Western Ghats butterflies

This is a list of butterfly species found in the Western Ghats region. This region is a biodiversity hotspot and about 334 species of butterflies have been recorded.

  • Papilionidae—Swallowtail Butterflies (19 species)
  • Pieridae—Yellow-White Butterflies (34 species)
  • Nymphalidae—Brush-Footed Butterflies (97 species)
  • Lycaenidae—Blues, hairstreaks and Gossamer-Winged Butterflies (101 species)
  • Hesperiidae—Skipper Butterflies (83 species)

Contents

  • Family Papilionidae 1
    • Subfamily Papilioninae 1.1
      • Genus Graphium (Pathysa)—The Swordtails, Zebras 1.1.1
      • Genus Graphium (Graphium)—The Bluebottles and Jays 1.1.2
      • Genus Atrophaneura (Pachliopta)—The Roses 1.1.3
      • Genus Troides—The Birdwings 1.1.4
      • Genus Papilio (Chilasa)—The Mimes 1.1.5
      • Genus Papilio (Papilio)—The Swallowtails 1.1.6
  • Family Pieridae 2
    • Subfamily Pierinae—The Whites 2.1
      • Genus Pieris, The Whites 2.1.1
      • Genus Anaphaeis—The Pioneers 2.1.2
      • Genus Cepora—The Gulls 2.1.3
      • Genus Ixias—The Indian Orange Tips 2.1.4
      • Genus Delias—The Jezebels 2.1.5
      • Genus Prioneris—The Sawtooths 2.1.6
      • Genus Appias—The Puffins and Albatrosses 2.1.7
      • Genus Leptosia—The Psyche 2.1.8
      • Genus Hebomoia—The Great Orange Tip 2.1.9
      • Genus Colotis—The Arabs 2.1.10
      • Genus Pareronia—The Wanderers 2.1.11
    • Subfamily Coliadinae—The Yellows 2.2
      • Genus Catopsilia—The Emigrants 2.2.1
      • Genus Eurema—The Grass Yellows 2.2.2
      • Genus Colias—The Clouded Yellows 2.2.3
  • Family Nymphalidae 3
    • Subfamily Libytheinae 3.1
      • Genus Libythea—The Beaks 3.1.1
    • Subfamily Danainae 3.2
      • Genus Parantica—The Glassy Tigers 3.2.1
      • Genus Tirumala—The Blue Tigers 3.2.2
      • Genus Danaus—The Tigers 3.2.3
      • Genus Euploea—The Crows 3.2.4
      • Genus Idea—The Tree Nymphs 3.2.5
    • Subfamily Charaxinae 3.3
      • Genus Charaxes—The Rajahs 3.3.1
      • Genus Polyura—The Nawabs 3.3.2
    • Subfamily Morphinae 3.4
      • Genus Discophora—The Duffers 3.4.1
      • Genus Amathusia—The Palmking 3.4.2
    • Subfamily Satyrinae 3.5
      • Genus Mycalesis—The Bushbrowns 3.5.1
      • Genus Lethe—The Treebrowns 3.5.2
      • Genus Ypthima—The Rings 3.5.3
      • Genus Zipaetis—The Catseyes 3.5.4
      • Genus Orsotriaena—The Nigger 3.5.5
      • Genus Melanitis—The Evening Browns 3.5.6
      • Genus Parantirrhoea—The Travancore Evening Brown 3.5.7
      • Genus Elymnias—The Palmflies 3.5.8
    • Subfamily Heliconiinae 3.6
      • Genus Vindula—The Cruiser 3.6.1
      • Genus Cirrochroa—The Yeomen 3.6.2
      • Genus Cupha—The Rustic 3.6.3
      • Genus Phalanta—The Leopards 3.6.4
      • Genus Argynnis—The Fritillaries 3.6.5
      • Genus Cethosia—The lacewings 3.6.6
    • Subfamily Acraeinae 3.7
      • Genus Acraea—The Tawny Coster 3.7.1
    • Subfamily Limenitidinae 3.8
      • Genus Limenitis—The Admirals 3.8.1
      • Genus Athyma—The Sergeants 3.8.2
      • Genus Pantoporia—The Lascars 3.8.3
      • Genus Neptis—The Sailers 3.8.4
      • Genus Parthenos—The Clipper 3.8.5
      • Genus Euthalia—The Barons 3.8.6
      • Genus Tanaecia—The Counts 3.8.7
      • Genus Dophla—The Dukes 3.8.8
    • Subfamily Cyrestinae 3.9
      • Genus Cyrestis—The Map Butterflies 3.9.1
    • Subfamily Biblidinae 3.10
      • Genus Ariadne—The Castors 3.10.1
      • Genus Byblia—The Joker 3.10.2
    • Subfamily Apaturinae 3.11
      • Genus Rohana 3.11.1
      • Genus Euripus—The Courtesans 3.11.2
    • Subfamily Nymphalinae 3.12
      • Genus Vanessa—Admirals, Painted Lady 3.12.1
      • Genus Kaniska 3.12.2
      • Genus Junonia—The Pansies 3.12.3
      • Genus Hypolimnas—The Eggflies 3.12.4
      • Genus Kallima—The Oakleafs 3.12.5
      • Genus Doleschallia—The Autumn Leaf 3.12.6
    • Family Lycaenidae 3.13
      • Genus Abisara, The Judies 3.13.1
      • Genus Logania—The Mottles 3.13.2
      • Genus Spalgis—The Apefly 3.13.3
      • Genus Talicada—The Red Pierrot 3.13.4
      • Genus Castalius—The Common Pierrot 3.13.5
      • Genus Caleta—The Angled Pierrot 3.13.6
      • Genus Discolampa—The Banded Blue Pierrot 3.13.7
      • Genus Tarucus—The Blue Pierrots 3.13.8
      • Genus Syntarucus—The Zebra Blue 3.13.9
      • Genus Azanus—The Babul Blues 3.13.10
      • Genus Neopithecops—The Quaker 3.13.11
      • Genus Megisba—The Malayan 3.13.12
      • Genus Celastrina—The Hedge Blues 3.13.13
      • Genus Acytolepis—The Hedge Blues 3.13.14
      • Genus Akasinula—The White Hedge Blue 3.13.15
      • Genus Cyaniris—The Hedge Blues 3.13.16
      • Genus Polyommatus—The Meadow Blues 3.13.17
      • Genus Chilades—The Lime Blue 3.13.18
      • Genus Zizeeria—The Grass Blues 3.13.19
      • Genus Pseudozizeeria—The Pale Grass Blue 3.13.20
      • Genus Zizula—The Tiny Grass Blue 3.13.21
      • Genus Freyeria—The Grass Jewel 3.13.22
      • Genus Euchrysops—The Gram Blues 3.13.23
      • Genus Edales—The Plains Cupid 3.13.24
      • Genus Anthene—The Ciliate Blues 3.13.25
      • Genus Catachrysops—The Forget-me-nots 3.13.26
      • Genus Lampides—The Ceruleans and the Peablue 3.13.27
      • Genus Jamides—The Ceruleans 3.13.28
      • Genus Nacaduba—The Lineblues 3.13.29
      • Genus Prosotas—The Lineblues 3.13.30
      • Genus Petrelea—The Dingy Lineblue 3.13.31
      • Genus Curetis—The Sunbeams 3.13.32
      • Genus Iraota—The Silverstreak Blues 3.13.33
      • Genus Horsfieldia—The Leaf Blue 3.13.34
      • Genus Thaduka—The Many-tailed Oak-Blue 3.13.35
      • Genus Arhopala—The Oakblues 3.13.36
      • Genus Nilasera—The Oakblues 3.13.37
      • Genus Panchala—The Oakblues 3.13.38
      • Genus Narathura—The Tamil Oakblue 3.13.39
      • Genus Surendra—The Acacia Blue 3.13.40
      • Genus Zinaspa—The Silver Streaked Acacia Blue 3.13.41
      • Genus Loxura—The Yamfly 3.13.42
      • Genus Apharitis—The Tawny Silverline 3.13.43
      • Genus Spindasis—The Silverlines 3.13.44
      • Genus Aphnaeus—The Silverlines 3.13.45
      • Genus Zesius—The Redspot 3.13.46
      • Genus Pratapa—The Tufted Royals 3.13.47
      • Genus Ancema—The Royals 3.13.48
      • Genus Creon—The Broadtail Royal 3.13.49
      • Genus Tajuria—The Royals 3.13.50
      • Genus Ops—The Branded Royal 3.13.51
      • Genus Charana—The Mandarin Blues 3.13.52
      • Genus Cheritra—The Common Imperial 3.13.53
      • Genus Rathinda—The Monkeypuzzle 3.13.54
      • Genus Horaga—The Onyxs 3.13.55
      • Genus Catapaecilma—The Common Tinsel 3.13.56
      • Genus Chliaria—The Tits 3.13.57
      • Genus Zeltus—The Fluffy Tit 3.13.58
      • Genus Deudorix—The Cornelians 3.13.59
      • Genus Virachola—The Guava Blues 3.13.60
      • Genus Rapala—The Flashes 3.13.61
      • Genus Vadebra—The Malabar Flash 3.13.62
      • Genus Bindahara—The Plane 3.13.63
  • Family Hesperiidae 4
    • Coeliadinae 4.1
      • Genus Badamia—The Brown Awl 4.1.1
      • Genus Bibasis—The Orange Tailed Awl 4.1.2
      • Genus Choaspes—The Awlkings 4.1.3
      • Genus Hasora—The Awls 4.1.4
    • Hesperiinae 4.2
      • Genus Aeromachus—The Scrub Hoppers 4.2.1
      • Genus Ampittia—The Bush Hoppers 4.2.2
      • Genus Arnetta—The Bobs 4.2.3
      • Genus Baoris—The Swifts 4.2.4
      • Genus Baracus—Hedge Hoppers 4.2.5
      • Genus Pseudoborbo—Bevan's Swift 4.2.6
      • Genus Borbo—The Swifts 4.2.7
      • Genus Caltoris—The Swifts 4.2.8
      • Genus Cupitha—The Wax Dart 4.2.9
      • Genus Erionota—The Palm Redeye 4.2.10
      • Genus Gangara—The Giant Redeye 4.2.11
      • Genus Gegenes 4.2.12
      • Genus Halpe—The Aces 4.2.13
      • Genus Matapa—The Branded Redeye 4.2.14
      • Genus Notocrypta—The Demons 4.2.15
      • Genus Parnara 4.2.16
      • Genus Pelopidas—The Branded Swifts 4.2.17
      • Genus Polytremis 4.2.18
      • Genus Potanthus—The Darts 4.2.19
      • Genus Psolos—The Coon 4.2.20
      • Genus Quedara 4.2.21
      • Genus Salanoemia—The Lancer 4.2.22
      • Genus Sovia 4.2.23
      • Genus Suastus—The Palm Bob 4.2.24
      • Genus Taractrocera—The Grass Darts 4.2.25
      • Genus Telicota—The Palm Darts 4.2.26
      • Genus Cephrenes 4.2.27
      • Genus Thoressa—The Aces 4.2.28
      • Genus Udaspes—The Grass Demon 4.2.29
      • Genus Hyarotis—The Flitters 4.2.30
      • Genus Oriens—The Dartlets 4.2.31
    • Pyrginae 4.3
      • Genus Caprona —The Angles 4.3.1
      • Genus Celaenorrhinus—The Flat 4.3.2
      • Genus Coladenia—The Pied Flats 4.3.3
      • Genus Gerosis—The White Flat 4.3.4
      • Genus Gomalia 4.3.5
      • Genus Odontoptilum—The Angles 4.3.6
      • Genus Sarangesa—The Small Flats 4.3.7
      • Genus Spialia —The Grizzled Skippers 4.3.8
      • Genus Tagiades—The Snow Flats 4.3.9
      • Genus Tapena—The Angles 4.3.10
  • Notes 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Family Papilionidae

Subfamily Papilioninae

Genus Graphium (Pathysa)—The Swordtails, Zebras

?

Genus Graphium (Graphium)—The Bluebottles and Jays

Genus Atrophaneura (Pachliopta)—The Roses

Genus Troides—The Birdwings

Genus Papilio (Chilasa)—The Mimes

Genus Papilio (Papilio)—The Swallowtails

Family Pieridae

There are 34 species recorded.

Subfamily Pierinae—The Whites

Genus Pieris, The Whites

Genus Anaphaeis—The Pioneers

Genus Cepora—The Gulls

Genus Ixias—The Indian Orange Tips

Genus Delias—The Jezebels

Genus Prioneris—The Sawtooths

Genus Appias—The Puffins and Albatrosses

Genus Leptosia—The Psyche

Genus Hebomoia—The Great Orange Tip

Genus Colotis—The Arabs

Genus Pareronia—The Wanderers

Subfamily Coliadinae—The Yellows

Genus Catopsilia—The Emigrants

Genus Eurema—The Grass Yellows

Genus Colias—The Clouded Yellows

Family Nymphalidae

Subfamily Libytheinae

Genus Libythea—The Beaks

Subfamily Danainae

Genus Parantica—The Glassy Tigers

Genus Tirumala—The Blue Tigers

Genus Danaus—The Tigers

Genus Euploea—The Crows

Genus Idea—The Tree Nymphs

Subfamily Charaxinae

Genus Charaxes—The Rajahs

Genus Polyura—The Nawabs

Subfamily Morphinae

Genus Discophora—The Duffers

Genus Amathusia—The Palmking

  • Palmking Amathusia phidippus Linnaeus, 1763

Subfamily Satyrinae

Genus Mycalesis—The Bushbrowns

Genus Lethe—The Treebrowns

Genus Ypthima—The Rings

Genus Zipaetis—The Catseyes

Genus Orsotriaena—The Nigger

  • Nigger Orsotriaena medus (Fabricius, 1775)

Genus Melanitis—The Evening Browns

Genus Parantirrhoea—The Travancore Evening Brown

Genus Elymnias—The Palmflies

Subfamily Heliconiinae

Genus Vindula—The Cruiser

  • Cruiser Vindula erota Fabricius, 1793

Genus Cirrochroa—The Yeomen

Genus Cupha—The Rustic

  • Rustic Cupha erymanthis (Drury, 1773)

Genus Phalanta—The Leopards

Genus Argynnis—The Fritillaries

Genus Cethosia—The lacewings

Subfamily Acraeinae

Genus Acraea—The Tawny Coster

Subfamily Limenitidinae

Genus Limenitis—The Admirals

Genus Athyma—The Sergeants

The Colour Sergeant (Athyma nefte)

Genus Pantoporia—The Lascars

Genus Neptis—The Sailers

Neptis hylas
Pantoporia hordonia

Genus Parthenos—The Clipper

  • Clipper Parthenos sylvia (Cramer, 1775)

Genus Euthalia—The Barons

Genus Tanaecia—The Counts

Genus Dophla—The Dukes

Subfamily Cyrestinae

Genus Cyrestis—The Map Butterflies

Subfamily Biblidinae

Genus Ariadne—The Castors

Genus Byblia—The Joker

  • Joker Byblia ilithyia (Drury, 1773)

Subfamily Apaturinae

Painted Courtesan Euripus consimilis

Genus Rohana

Genus Euripus—The Courtesans

Subfamily Nymphalinae

Genus Vanessa—Admirals, Painted Lady

Genus Kaniska

Genus Junonia—The Pansies

Genus Hypolimnas—The Eggflies

Genus Kallima—The Oakleafs

Genus Doleschallia—The Autumn Leaf

  • Autumnleaf Doleschallia bisaltide malabarica (Cramer, 1777)

Family Lycaenidae

Genus Abisara, The Judies

Genus Logania—The Mottles

  • Mottle Logania distanti Semper, 1889.

Genus Spalgis—The Apefly

  • Apefly Spalgis epius (Westwood, 1851) (L6.1)

Genus Talicada—The Red Pierrot

Genus Castalius—The Common Pierrot

Genus Caleta—The Angled Pierrot

Genus Discolampa—The Banded Blue Pierrot

Genus Tarucus—The Blue Pierrots

Genus Syntarucus—The Zebra Blue

Genus Azanus—The Babul Blues

Genus Neopithecops—The Quaker

  • Quaker Neopithecops zalmora Butler 1870 (L15.1)

Genus Megisba—The Malayan

  • Malayan Megisba malaya (Horsfield, 1828) (H20.1, p. 220)

Genus Celastrina—The Hedge Blues

Genus Acytolepis—The Hedge Blues

Genus Akasinula—The White Hedge Blue

Genus Cyaniris—The Hedge Blues

Genus Polyommatus—The Meadow Blues

Genus Chilades—The Lime Blue

Genus Zizeeria—The Grass Blues

Genus Pseudozizeeria—The Pale Grass Blue

Genus Zizula—The Tiny Grass Blue

Genus Freyeria—The Grass Jewel

Genus Euchrysops—The Gram Blues

  • Gram Blue Euchrysops cnejus (Fabricius, 1798) (L23.1)

Genus Edales—The Plains Cupid

Genus Anthene—The Ciliate Blues

Genus Catachrysops—The Forget-me-nots

Genus Lampides—The Ceruleans and the Peablue

  • Peablue Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus, 1767) (L26.1)

Genus Jamides—The Ceruleans

Genus Nacaduba—The Lineblues

Genus Prosotas—The Lineblues

Genus Petrelea—The Dingy Lineblue

Genus Curetis—The Sunbeams

Genus Iraota—The Silverstreak Blues

Genus Horsfieldia—The Leaf Blue

Genus Thaduka—The Many-tailed Oak-Blue

Genus Arhopala—The Oakblues

Genus Nilasera—The Oakblues

Genus Panchala—The Oakblues

Genus Narathura—The Tamil Oakblue

Genus Surendra—The Acacia Blue

Genus Zinaspa—The Silver Streaked Acacia Blue

Genus Loxura—The Yamfly

  • Yamfly Loxura atymnus (Cramer, 1782) (L48.1)

Genus Apharitis—The Tawny Silverline

Genus Spindasis—The Silverlines

Genus Aphnaeus—The Silverlines

Genus Zesius—The Redspot

Genus Pratapa—The Tufted Royals

Genus Ancema—The Royals

Genus Creon—The Broadtail Royal

Genus Tajuria—The Royals

Genus Ops—The Branded Royal

Genus Charana—The Mandarin Blues

Genus Cheritra—The Common Imperial

Genus Rathinda—The Monkeypuzzle

Genus Horaga—The Onyxs

Genus Catapaecilma—The Common Tinsel

Genus Chliaria—The Tits

Genus Zeltus—The Fluffy Tit

Genus Deudorix—The Cornelians

Genus Virachola—The Guava Blues

Genus Rapala—The Flashes

Genus Vadebra—The Malabar Flash

Genus Bindahara—The Plane

  • Plane Bindahara phocides (Fabricius, 1793) (L74.1)

Family Hesperiidae

Coeliadinae

Genus Badamia—The Brown Awl

  • Brown Awl Badamia exclamationis (Fabricius, 1775)

Genus Bibasis—The Orange Tailed Awl

Genus Choaspes—The Awlkings

Genus Hasora—The Awls

Hesperiinae

Genus Aeromachus—The Scrub Hoppers

Genus Ampittia—The Bush Hoppers

Genus Arnetta—The Bobs

Genus Baoris—The Swifts

Genus Baracus—Hedge Hoppers

Genus Pseudoborbo—Bevan's Swift

Genus Borbo—The Swifts

Genus Caltoris—The Swifts

Genus Cupitha—The Wax Dart

  • Wax Dart Cupitha purreea (Moore, 1877)

Genus Erionota—The Palm Redeye

Genus Gangara—The Giant Redeye

Giant Redeye Gangara thyrsis

Genus Gegenes

Genus Halpe—The Aces

Genus Matapa—The Branded Redeye

Genus Notocrypta—The Demons

Genus Parnara

Genus Pelopidas—The Branded Swifts

Genus Polytremis

Genus Potanthus—The Darts

Genus Psolos—The Coon

  • Coon Psolos fuligo (Mabille, 1876)

Genus Quedara

Genus Salanoemia—The Lancer

Genus Sovia

Genus Suastus—The Palm Bob

Genus Taractrocera—The Grass Darts

Genus Telicota—The Palm Darts

Genus Cephrenes

Genus Thoressa—The Aces

Genus Udaspes—The Grass Demon

Genus Hyarotis—The Flitters

Genus Oriens—The Dartlets

Pyrginae

Genus Caprona —The Angles

Genus Celaenorrhinus—The Flat

Genus Coladenia—The Pied Flats

Genus Gerosis—The White Flat

Genus Gomalia

Genus Odontoptilum—The Angles

Genus Sarangesa—The Small Flats

Genus Spialia —The Grizzled Skippers

Genus Tagiades—The Snow Flats

Genus Tapena—The Angles

Notes

See also

References

  • Kunte, K. (In press.) Checklist of the Butterflies of the Western Ghats, Southwestern India. In K. A. Subramanian (ed.) Diversity and Conservation of Invertebrates in the Western Ghats.
  • Evans, W. H. (1932) The Identification of Indian Butterflies. (2nd Ed), Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India
  • Wynter-Blyth, M. A. (1957) Butterflies of the Indian Region, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.
  • Gaonkar, H. 1996. Butterflies of the Western Ghats, India (including Sri Lanka): a biodiversity assessment of a threatened mountain system. Report to the Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore.
  • Larsen, T. B. 1987–88. The butterflies of the Nilgiri Mountains of southern India (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., vol 84 & 85.

External links

  • ButterflyIndia email discussion group
  • Western Ghats list
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