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List of World Heritage Sites in China

 

List of World Heritage Sites in China

This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in China. China has 48, ranking second in the world. China ratified The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on 12 December 1985. These sites comprise some of the most essential part of China's valuable and rich tourism resources.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • Map 2
  • List 3
  • Notes and references 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Overview

Since joining the International Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage in 1985, China has 48 world heritage sites to date; of these 34 are cultural heritage sites, ten are natural heritage sites, and four are cultural and natural (mixed) sites, ranking second in the world. Since 2004, China has made the first large-scale renovations on seven world cultural heritage sites in Beijing – the Ming Tombs, the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace, the Grand Canal, and the "Peking Man" site at Zhoukoudian, all of which are planned for completion before 2008. In addition, China has a rich non-material cultural heritage, with several of them inscribed on UNESCO's list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.

Map

Following is a map of the World Heritage Sites in China.

Numbered sites in Beijing: 1. Great Wall of China; 2. Forbidden City; 3. Zhoukoudian; 4. Summer Palace; 5. Temple of Heaven; 6. Ming Dynasty Tombs.

Legend: World Cultural Heritage Site; World Natural Heritage Site; World Cultural and Natural Site (mixed)

List

* = World Cultural Heritage Site
† = World Natural Heritage Site
*† = World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site (Mixed)
By chronological order:
# Image Name Location Date Number Criteria
1 Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Forbidden City and Mukden Palace* Beijing (the Forbidden City) and Shenyang, Liaoning (Mukden Palace) 1987, 2004 439 I, II, III, IV
2 Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor * Xi'an, Shaanxi 1987 441 I, III, IV, VI
3 Mogao Caves * Dunhuang, Gansu 1987 440 I, II, III, IV, V, VI
4 Mount Tai *† Tai'an, Shandong 1987 437 I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII
5 Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian * Beijing 1987 449 III, VI
6 The Great Wall* Northern China 1987 438 I, II, III, IV, VI
7 Mount Huangshan *† Huangshan City, Anhui 1990 547 II, VII, X
8 Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Songpan County, Sichuan 1992 638 VII
9 Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Jiuzhaigou County, Sichuan 1992 637 VII
10 Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area † Zhangjiajie, Hunan 1992 640 VII
11 Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains * Hubei 1994 705 I, II, VI
12 Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, including the Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka * Lhasa, Tibet 1994, 2000, 2001 707 I, IV, VI
13 Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples in Chengde * Chengde, Hebei 1994 703 II, IV
14 Temple and Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion * Qufu, Shandong 1994 704 I, IV, VI
15 Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area *† Emeishan City (Mt. Emei) and Leshan (Giant Buddha), Sichuan 1996 779 IV, VI, X
16 Lushan National Park * Lushan District, Jiangxi 1996 778 II, III, IV, VI
17 Ancient City of Ping Yao * Pingyao County, Shanxi 1997 812 II, III, IV
18 Classical Gardens of Suzhou * Suzhou, Jiangsu 1997, 2000 813 I, II, III, IV, V
19 Old Town of Lijiang * Lijiang, Yunnan 1997 811 II, IV, V
20 Summer Palace * Beijing 1998 880 I, II, III
21 Temple of Heaven * Beijing 1998 881 I, II, III
22 Dazu Rock Carvings * Dazu District, Chongqing 1999 912 I, II, III
23 Mount Wuyi *† Northwestern Fujian 1999 911 III, VI, VII, X
24 Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun * Yi County, Anhui 2000 1002 III, IV, V
25 Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the Ming Dynasty Tombs and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum * Beijing and Nanjing, Jiangsu 2000, 2003, 2004 1004 III, IV, V
26 Longmen Grottoes * Luoyang, Henan 2000 1003 I, II, III
27 Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System * Dujiangyan City, Sichuan 2000 1001 II, IV, VI
28 Yungang Grottoes * Datong, Shanxi 2001 1039 I, II, III, IV
29 Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas Yunnan 2003 1083 VII, VIII, IX, X
30 Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom * Ji'an, Jilin 2004 1135 I, II, III, IV, V
31 Historic Centre of Macau * Macau 2005 1110 II, III, IV, VI
32 Yin Xu * Anyang, Henan 2006 1114 II, III, IV, VI
33 Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries Sichuan 2006 1213 X
34 Kaiping Diaolou and Villages * Kaiping, Guangdong 2007 1112 II, III, IV
35 South China Karst Yunnan, Guizhou , Chongqing and Guangxi 2007, 2014 1248 VII, VIII
36 Fujian Tulou * Fujian 2008 1113 III, IV, V
37 Sanqingshan Yushan County, Jiangxi 2008 1292 VII
38 Mount Wutai * Wutai County, Shanxi 2009 1279 II, III, IV, VI
39 Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth” * Dengfeng, Henan 2010 1305 III, VI
40 China Danxia Hunan, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guizhou 2010 1335 VII, VIII, IX, X
41 West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou * Hangzhou, Zhejiang 2011 1334 II, III, VI
42 Site of Xanadu * Xilingol, Inner Mongolia 2012 1389 II, III, IV, VI
43 Chengjiang Fossil Site Chengjiang County, Yunnan 2012 1388 VIII
44 Xinjiang Tianshan Xinjiang 2013 1414 VII, IX
45 Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces * Yuanyang County, Yunnan 2013 1111 III, V
46 Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor * Luoyang, Lingbao of Henan; Xi'an, Bin County and Chenggu of Shaanxi; Tianshui, Yongjing, Dunhuang and Anxi of Gansu; Turpan, Jimsar and Kuqa of Xinjiang 2014 1442 II, III, IV, VI
47 Grand Canal * Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Henan 2014 1443 I, III, IV, VI
48 Tusi Sites * Hunan, Hubei and Guizhou 2015 1474 II, III

Notes and references

See also

References

  • World cultural and natural heritage in China

External links

  • Official centre website
  • Official sites website
  • Official UNESCO World Heritage Centre website
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