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List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe

 

List of World Heritage Sites in Northern Europe

The World Heritage Sites in eight countries (also called "state parties") commonly referred to as Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, i.e. a combination of Nordic and Baltic countries.[1] Greenland lying on the North American continent is not included in this list despite of its political ties with Denmark; it is included in the List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas. The United Kingdom and Ireland are included in Western Europe even though they are sometimes listed in Northern Europe.[2]

Sweden is home to the most inscribed sites with 15 sites, two of which are transborder properties. Three sites are shared between several countries: the Curonian Spit (Lithuania and Russia), the High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago (Sweden and Finland) and the Struve Geodetic Arc (ten countries in Northern and Eastern Europe).[3] The first sites from the region were inscribed in 1979, when the Urnes Stave Church and Bryggen, both in Norway were chosen a year after the list's conception.[4][5] Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).[6] Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Northern Europe, there are 32 cultural, 3 natural, and 1 mixed sites.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." None of the sites in Northern Europe has ever been listed as endangered, though possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of cases.[7][8]

Contents

  • Legend 1
  • Inscribed sites 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Legend

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[6]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Inscribed sites

  * Trans-border site
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland Kalmar,  Sweden
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
2000 [9]
Birka and Hovgården Stockholm,  Sweden
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1993 [10]
Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki Rauma (Lappi), Satakunta,  Finland
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1999 [11]
Bryggen Bergen, Hordaland,  Norway
Cultural:
(iii)
1979 [12]
Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå Norrbotten,  Sweden
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
1996 [13]
Curonian Spit Neringa and Klaipėda district, Klaipėda County,  Lithuania* and Zelenogradsky District, Kaliningrad Oblast,  Russia*
Cultural:
(v)
2000 [14]
Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland Sweden
Cultural:
(v)
700114000000000000014 (35); buffer zone 537 (1,330) 2012 [15]
Engelsberg Ironworks Västmanland,  Sweden
Cultural:
(iv)
1993 [16]
Fortress of Suomenlinna Helsinki,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
1991 [17]
Hanseatic Town of Visby Gotland,  Sweden
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1995 [18]
High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago Västernorrland,  Sweden* and  Finland*
Natural:
(viii)
7005194400000000000194,400 (480,000) 2000[nb 1] [19]
Historic Centre of Riga
Riga,  Latvia
Cultural:
(i), (ii)
7002438000000000000438 (1,080); buffer zone 1,574 (3,890) 1997 [20]
Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn Tallinn, Harju County,  Estonia
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002113000000000000113 (280); buffer zone 2,253 (5,570) 1997[nb 2] [21]
Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church Jelling, Vejle Municipality, Southern Denmark,  Denmark
Cultural:
(iii)
70004960000000000004.96 (12.3) 1994 [22]
Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė) Kernavė, Širvintos district, Vilnius County,  Lithuania
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
7002194000000000000194 (480); buffer zone 2,455 (6,070) 2004 [23]
Kronborg Castle Helsingør, Capital Region, Zealand,  Denmark
Cultural:
(iv)
2000 [24]
Laponian Area Norrbotten,  Sweden
Mixed:
(iii), (v), (vii), (viii), (ix)
7005940000000000000940,000 (2,300,000) 1996 [25]
Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun Dalarna,  Sweden
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (v)
700143000000000000043 (110); buffer zone 3,500 (8,600) 2001 [26]
Naval Port of Karlskrona Blekinge,  Sweden
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1998 [27]
Old Rauma Rauma, Satakunta,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 142 (350) 1991[nb 3] [28][29]
Petäjävesi Old Church Petäjävesi, Central Finland,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
1994 [30]
Rock Art of Alta Alta, Finnmark,  Norway
Cultural:
{iii}
1985 [31]
Rock Carvings in Tanum Västra Götaland,  Sweden
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
1994 [32]
Røros Mining Town and the Circumference
Røros, Sør-Trøndelag,  Norway
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), {v}
1980[nb 4] [33]
Roskilde Cathedral
Roskilde, Region Zealand, Zealand,  Denmark
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
69994000000000000000.40 (0.99); buffer zone 1.50 (3.7) 1995 [34]
Royal Domain of Drottningholm Stockholm,  Sweden
Cultural:
(iv)
1991 [35]
Skogskyrkogården Stockholm,  Sweden
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 [36]
Struve Geodetic Arc
 Belarus*,  Estonia*,  Finland*,  Latvia*,  Lithuania*,  Moldova*,  Norway*,  Russia*,  Sweden* and  Ukraine* Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
2005 [37]
Surtsey Vestmannaeyjar,  Iceland
Natural:
(ix)
70033370000000000003,370 (8,300); buffer zone 3,190 (7,900) 2008 [38]
Þingvellir National Park
Bláskógabyggð,  Iceland
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
70039270000000000009,270 (22,900) 2004 [39]
Urnes Stave Church Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,  Norway
Cultural:
(i), (ii), {iii}
1979 [40]
Varberg Radio Station Halland,  Sweden
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002109000000000000109 (270); buffer zone 3,854 (9,520) 2004 [41]
Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago Vega, Nordland,  Norway
Cultural:
(v)
7005103710000000000103,710 (256,300); buffer zone 28,040 (69,300) 2004 [42]
Verla Groundwood and Board Mill Kouvola (Jaala), Kymenlaakso,  Finland
Cultural:
(iv)
700123000000000000023 (57); buffer zone 80 (200) 1996 [43]
Vilnius Historic Centre Vilnius,  Lithuania
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 [44]
West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord Luster, Sogn og Fjordane,  Norway
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
2005 [45]

Notes

  1. ^ Extended in 2006 to include the Kvarken Archipelago and name change from High Coast to the present name.
  2. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2008.
  3. ^ Addition of the buffer zone in 2009 which had been established on a national level in 2003.
  4. ^ Extended in 2010 to include the circumference and name change from Røros Mining Town to the present name.

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Number of World Heritage Properties by region".  
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region.  
  3. ^ a b c "World Heritage List".  
  4. ^ "Number of World Heritage properties inscribed each Year".  
  5. ^ (PDF) Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Second Session, Final Report (Report). . Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection".  
  7. ^ "World Heritage in Danger".  
  8. ^ "Decision - 28COM 15B.75".  
  9. ^ "Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland".  
  10. ^ "Birka and Hovgården".  
  11. ^ "Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki".  
  12. ^ "Bryggen".  
  13. ^ "Church Village of Gammelstad, Luleå".  
  14. ^ "Curonian Spit".  
  15. ^ "Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland".  
  16. ^ "Engelsberg Ironworks".  
  17. ^ "Fortress of Suomenlinna".  
  18. ^ "Hanseatic Town of Visby".  
  19. ^ "High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago".  
  20. ^ "Historic Centre of Riga".  
  21. ^ "Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn".  
  22. ^ "Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church".  
  23. ^ "Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)".  
  24. ^ "Kronborg Castle".  
  25. ^ "Laponian Area".  
  26. ^ "Mining Area of the Great Copper Mountain in Falun".  
  27. ^ "Naval Port of Karlskrona".  
  28. ^ "Old Rauma".  
  29. ^ "Old Rauma" (PDF).  
  30. ^ "Petäjävesi Old Church".  
  31. ^ "Rock Art of Alta".  
  32. ^ "Rock Carvings in Tanum".  
  33. ^ "Røros Mining Town and the Circumference".  
  34. ^ "Roskilde Cathedral".  
  35. ^ "Royal Domain of Drottningholm".  
  36. ^ "Skogskyrkogården".  
  37. ^ "Struve Geodetic Arc".  
  38. ^ "Surtsey".  
  39. ^ "Þingvellir National Park".  
  40. ^ "Urnes Stave Church".  
  41. ^ "Varberg Radio Station".  
  42. ^ "Vegaøyan — The Vega Archipelago".  
  43. ^ "Verla Groundwood and Board Mill".  
  44. ^ "Vilnius Historic Centre".  
  45. ^ "West Norwegian Fjords — Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord".  
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