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List of female astronauts

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List of female astronauts

Gathering of current and past female NASA astronauts at Johnson Space Center, September 2012. Seated (from left): Carolyn Huntoon (JSC's first female director), Ellen Baker, Mary Cleave, Rhea Seddon, Anna Fisher, Shannon Lucid, Ellen Ochoa, Sandra Magnus.
Standing (from left): Jeanette Epps, Mary Ellen Weber, Marsha Ivins, Tracy Caldwell Dyson, Bonnie Dunbar, Tammy Jernigan, Cady Coleman, Janet Kavandi, Serena Aunon, Kate Rubins, Stephanie Wilson, Dottie Metcalf-Lindenburger, Megan McArthur, Karen Nyberg, Lisa Nowak

The following is a list of women who have traveled into space, sorted by date of first flight. Although the first woman flew into space in 1963, very early in crewed space exploration, it would not be until almost twenty years later that another flew. Female astronauts went on to become commonplace in the 1980s. (This list includes space travelers from the former Soviet Union, who are called cosmonauts.)

History

As of November 2014, 59 women have flown in space, out of 536 [1] total space travelers. By country of origin: one each from France, India, Italy, South Korea, and the United Kingdom; two each from Canada, China, and Japan, four from the Soviet Union/Russia, and 44 from the United States.

The length of time between the first-ever man in space and first woman in space was just over two years between Vostok 1 and Vostok 6, whereas the length of time between the first American man and first American woman in space was 22 years between Freedom 7 and Space Shuttle Challenger STS-7. For China, this interval was almost eight and a half years between the Shenzhou 5 and Shenzhou 9 space missions.[2] For Italy, it was approximately twelve years between the STS-46 and Expedition 42 spaceflights.

The first Briton, the first South Korean, and the first Iranian in space were all women.

While the Soviet Union sent the first two women into space, only four of all the women in space have been Russian or Soviet. However, the British, French, Italian, Iranian, and South Korean women all flew as part of the Soviet or Russian space program. The Canadian, Indian, Japanese, and most of the American female astronauts flew as part of the US space program.

A span of 19 years separated the first and second Soviet women in space, which is also the same span for the first and second women in space, they being the same cosmonauts on the same missions, Vostok 6 and Soyuz T-7. A span of one year separated the first and second American women in space. While the first American woman in space was separated from the first woman in space by 20 years, a span of one year separated the first and second Chinese women in space, taking place on consecutive missions, Shenzhou 9 and Shenzhou 10. The first Chinese woman was launched 49 years to the day after the first woman in space.

Astronauts with completed spaceflights

# Image Name
Birth date
Country Comment Missions (Launch date)
1 Valentina Tereshkova
Mar. 6, 1937
 Soviet Union First woman in space. Vostok 6 (Jun. 16, 1963)
2 Svetlana Savitskaya
Aug. 8, 1948
 Soviet Union First woman to fly on a space station (Salyut 7, 1982).
First woman to perform a spacewalk (July 25, 1984).
First woman to make two spaceflights.
Soyuz T-7/T-5 (Aug. 19, 1982)
Soyuz T-12 (Jul. 17, 1984)
3 Sally Ride
May 26, 1951
died Jul. 23, 2012
 United States First American woman in space. STS-7 (Jun. 18, 1983)
STS-41-G (Oct. 5, 1984)
4 Judith Resnik
Apr. 5, 1949
died Jan. 28, 1986
 United States First Jewish-American in space. Second American woman in space. Died in the Challenger disaster. Member of Alpha Epsilon Phi Sorority. STS-41-D (Aug. 30, 1984)
STS-51-L (Jan. 28, 1986)
5 Kathryn D. Sullivan
Oct. 3, 1951
 United States First American woman to perform a spacewalk (Oct. 11, 1984). STS-41-G (Oct. 5, 1984)
STS-31 (Apr. 24, 1990)
STS-45 (Mar. 24, 1992)
6 Anna Lee Fisher
Aug. 24, 1949
 United States First mother in space.[3] STS-51-A (Nov. 8, 1984)
7 Margaret Rhea Seddon
Nov. 8, 1947
 United States Carried her Sigma Kappa Sorority badge into space. STS-51-D (Apr. 12, 1985)
STS-40 (Jun. 5, 1991)
STS-58 (Oct. 18, 1993)
8 Shannon Lucid
Jan. 14, 1943
 United States First American woman to fly on a space station (Mir, 1996). First Chinese-born woman in space. First woman to make a third, a fourth and a fifth spaceflight. STS-51-G (Jun. 17, 1985)
STS-34 (Oct. 18, 1989)
STS-43 (Aug. 2, 1991)
STS-58 (Oct. 18, 1993)
STS-76/79 (Mar. 22, 1996)
9 Bonnie J. Dunbar
Mar. 3, 1949
 United States Member of Kappa Delta Sorority STS-61-A (Oct. 30, 1985)
STS-32 (January 9, 1990)
STS-50 (Jun. 25, 1992)
STS-71 (Jun. 27, 1995)
STS-89 (Jan. 22, 1998)
10 Mary L. Cleave
Feb. 5, 1947
 United States STS-61-B (Nov. 26, 1985)
STS-30 (May 4, 1989)
11 Ellen S. Baker
Apr. 27, 1953
 United States STS-34 (Oct. 18, 1989)
STS-50 (Jun. 25, 1992)
STS-71 (Jun. 27, 1995)
12 Kathryn C. Thornton
Aug. 17, 1952
 United States Third woman to walk in space. First woman to make multiple EVAs (May 14–15, 1992, Dec. 6, 1993, Dec. 8, 1993) STS-33 (Nov. 22, 1989)
STS-49 (May 7, 1992)
STS-61 (Dec. 2, 1993)
STS-73 (Oct. 20, 1995)
13 Marsha Ivins
Apr. 15, 1951
 United States STS-32 (Jan. 9, 1990)
STS-46 (Jul. 31, 1992)
STS-62 (Mar. 4, 1994)
STS-81 (Jan. 12, 1997)
STS-98 (Feb. 7, 2001)
14 Linda M. Godwin
Jul. 2, 1952
 United States Fourth woman to walk in space (March 27, 1996, Dec. 10, 2001) STS-37 (Apr. 5, 1991)
STS-59 (Apr. 9, 1994)
STS-76 (Mar. 22, 1996)
STS-108 (Dec. 5, 2001)
15 Helen Sharman
May 30, 1963
 United Kingdom First British citizen in space. Second woman to fly on a space station (Mir, 1991). Soyuz TM-12/TM-11 (May 18, 1991)
16 Tamara E. Jernigan
May 7, 1959
 United States Fifth woman to walk in space (May 30, 1999) STS-40 (Jun. 5, 1991)
STS-52 (Oct. 22, 1992)
STS-67 (Mar. 2, 1995)
STS-80 (Nov. 19, 1996)
STS-96 (May 27, 1999)
16 Millie Hughes-Fulford
Dec. 21, 1945
 United States First female payload specialist. STS-40 (Jun. 5, 1991)
18 Roberta Bondar
Dec. 4, 1945
 Canada First Canadian woman in space. First Ukrainian Canadian woman in space. STS-42 (Jan. 22, 1992)
19 Jan Davis
Nov. 1, 1953
 United States Went to space with her husband, Mark C. Lee in 1992. They were the first married couple to go to space together. Member of Alpha Xi Delta Fraternity. STS-47 (Sep. 12, 1992)
STS-60 (Feb. 3, 1994)
STS-85 (Aug. 7, 1997)
19 Mae Jemison
Oct. 17, 1956
 United States First African-American woman in space STS-47 (Sep. 12, 1992)
21 Susan J. Helms
Feb. 26, 1958
 United States Sixth woman to walk in space (March 11, 2001) STS-54 (Jan. 13, 1993)
STS-64 (Sep. 9, 1994)
STS-78 (Jun. 20, 1996)
STS-101 (May 19, 2000)
STS-102/105 (Mar. 8, 2001)
22 Ellen Ochoa
May 10, 1958
 United States First Hispanic woman in space. STS-56 (Apr. 8, 1993)
STS-66 (Nov. 3, 1994)
STS-96 (May 27, 1999)
STS-110 (Apr. 8, 2002)
23 Janice E. Voss
Oct. 8, 1956
died Feb. 6, 2012
 United States STS-57 (Jun. 21, 1993)
STS-63 (Feb. 3, 1995)
STS-83 (Apr. 4, 1997)
STS-94 (Jul. 1, 1997)
STS-99 (Feb. 11, 2000)
24 Nancy J. Currie
Dec. 29, 1958
 United States STS-57 (Jun. 21, 1993)
STS-70 (Jul. 13, 1995)
STS-88 (Dec. 4, 1998)
STS-109 (Mar. 1, 2002)
25 Chiaki Mukai
May 6, 1952
 Japan First Japanese woman in space. STS-65 (Jul. 8, 1994)
STS-95 (Oct. 29, 1998)
26 Yelena V. Kondakova
Mar. 30, 1957
 Russia Became the first Russian Woman to travel in 2 different Spacecraft Soyuz TM-20 and STS-84 both were on trips to Mir Space Station and became the 1st Russian Woman to travel on the Space Shuttle. Soyuz TM-20 (Oct. 3, 1994)
STS-84 (May 15, 1997)
27 Eileen Collins
Nov. 19, 1956
 United States First female shuttle pilot and shuttle commander. STS-63 (Feb. 3, 1995)
STS-84 (May 15, 1997)
STS-93 (Jul. 23, 1999)
STS-114 (Jul. 26, 2005)
28 Wendy B. Lawrence
Jul. 2, 1959
 United States STS-67 (Mar. 2, 1995)
STS-86 (Sep. 25, 1997)
STS-91 (Jun. 2, 1998)
STS-114 (Jul. 26, 2005)
29 Mary E. Weber
Aug. 24, 1962
 United States STS-70 (Jul. 13, 1995)
STS-101 (May 19, 2000)
30 Catherine Coleman
Dec. 14, 1960
 United States STS-73 (Oct. 20, 1995)
STS-93 (Jul. 23, 1999)
Soyuz TMA-20 (15 December 2010)
31 Claudie Haigneré
May 13, 1957
 France First Frenchwoman in space Soyuz TM-24/TM-23 (Aug. 17, 1996)
Soyuz TM-33/32 (Oct. 21, 2001)
32 Susan Still Kilrain
Oct. 24, 1961
 United States Second female shuttle pilot. STS-83 (Apr. 4, 1997)
STS-94 (Jul. 1, 1997)
33 Kalpana Chawla
Jul. 1, 1961
died Feb. 1, 2003
 India/ United States First Indian-American woman in space. Died in the Columbia disaster. STS-87 (Nov. 19, 1997)
STS-107 (Jan. 16, 2003)
34 Kathryn P. Hire
Aug. 26, 1959
 United States STS-90 (Apr. 17, 1998)
STS-130 (Feb. 8, 2010)
35 Janet L. Kavandi
Jul. 17, 1959
 United States STS-91 (Jun. 2, 1998)
STS-99 (Feb. 11, 2000)
STS-104 (Jul. 12, 2001)
36 Julie Payette
Oct. 20, 1963
 Canada STS-96 (May 27, 1999)
STS-127 (July 15, 2009)
37 Pamela Melroy
Sep. 17, 1961
 United States Second female shuttle commander. STS-92 (Oct. 11, 2000)
STS-112 (Oct. 7, 2002)
STS-120 (Oct. 23, 2007)
38 Peggy Whitson
Feb. 9, 1960
 United States Seventh woman to walk in space (Aug. 16, 2002, Nov. 9, 2007, Nov. 20, 2007, Nov. 24, 2007, Dec. 18, 2007, Jan. 30, 2007). As of March 2009, holds record for most EVAs and most time spent on EVA of all female space travelers.
First female ISS commander (ISS Expedition 16).
STS-111/113 (Jun. 5, 2002)
Soyuz TMA-11 (Oct. 10, 2007)
39 Sandra Magnus
Oct. 30, 1964
 United States STS-112 (Oct. 7, 2002)
STS-126/119 (Nov. 14, 2008)
STS-135 (July 8, 2011)
40 Laurel B. Clark
Mar. 10, 1961
died Feb. 1, 2003
 United States Died in the Columbia disaster. Member of Gamma Phi Beta Sorority. STS-107 (Jan. 16, 2003)
41 Stephanie Wilson
Sep. 27, 1966
 United States STS-121 (Jul. 4, 2006)
STS-120 (Oct. 23, 2007)
STS-131 (Apr. 5, 2010)
41 Lisa Nowak
May 10, 1963
 United States STS-121 (Jul. 4, 2006)
43 Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn-Piper
Feb. 7, 1963
 United States Eighth woman to walk in space (Sep. 12, 2006, Sep. 15, 2006, Nov. 18-19, 2008, Nov. 20-21, 2008, Nov. 22-23, 2008). First Ukrainian American woman in space. STS-115 (Sep. 9, 2006)
STS-126 (Nov. 14, 2008)
44 Anousheh Ansari
Sep. 12, 1966
 Iran /  United States Fourth space tourist and first female space tourist. First Iranian in space. Soyuz TMA-9/8 (Sep. 18, 2006)
45 Sunita Williams
Sep. 19, 1965[4]
 India/ United States Ninth woman to walk in space (Dec. 16, 2006, Jan. 31, 2007, Feb. 4, 2007, Feb. 8, 2007, Aug. 30, 2012, Sep. 5, 2012). [4] STS-116/117 (Dec. 9, 2006)[4]
Soyuz TMA-05M (July 15, 2012)
46 Joan Higginbotham
Aug. 3, 1964
 United States Member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc. STS-116 (Dec. 9, 2006)
47 Tracy Caldwell Dyson
Aug. 14, 1969
 United States Eleventh woman to walk in space (Aug. 7, 2010, Aug. 11, 2010, Aug. 16, 2010). First astronaut born after Apollo 11 flight.[5] STS-118 (Aug. 8, 2007)
Soyuz TMA-18 (April 2, 2010).
47 Barbara Morgan
Nov. 28, 1951
 United States First educator astronaut (Teacher in Space Project) STS-118 (Aug. 8, 2007)
49 Yi So-yeon
Jun. 2, 1978
 Republic of Korea First Korean in space Soyuz TMA-12 (Apr. 8, 2008)
50 Karen L. Nyberg
Oct. 7, 1969
 United States STS-124 (May 31, 2008)
Soyuz TMA-09M (May 28, 2013)
51 K. Megan McArthur
Aug. 30, 1971
 United States STS-125 (May 11, 2009)
52 Nicole P. Stott
Nov. 11, 1962
 United States Tenth woman to walk in space (September 1–2, 2009). STS-128 (August 28, 2009)
STS-133 (February 24, 2011)
53 Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger
May 15, 1975
 United States STS-131 (April 5, 2010)
54 Naoko Yamazaki
Dec. 27, 1970
 Japan STS-131 (April 5, 2010)
55 Shannon Walker
Jun. 4, 1965
 United States Soyuz TMA-19 (June 15, 2010)
56 Liu Yang
Oct. 6, 1978
 China First Chinese woman in space. Shenzhou 9 (June 16, 2012)
57 Wang Yaping
Jan. 27, 1980
 China Shenzhou 10 (June 11, 2013)
58 Yelena Serova
Apr. 22, 1976
 Russia Member of ISS Expedition 41. First Russian woman to visit the ISS.[6] Soyuz TMA-14M (September 25, 2014)
59 Samantha Cristoforetti
Apr. 26, 1977
 Italy ESA Astronaut. First Italian woman in space and first Italian woman on ISS. Expedition 42/43 As of 2015, holds record for female space travelers: longest spaceflight (199 days). Soyuz TMA-15M (November 23, 2014)

Other astronauts and astronaut candidates

Image Name Birth date
Death date
Country Comment
Anne McClain June 7, 1979  United States NASA Astronaut Group 21, "The 8 Balls", 2013
Christina Hammock Feb. 2, 1979  United States NASA Astronaut Group 21, "The 8 Balls", 2013
Kathleen Rubins Oct. 14, 1978  United States Completed Astronaut Candidate Training in 2011. Rubins has been selected for Expedition 48/49, set to travel by Soyuz to the International Space Station in Mid-2016.
Jessica Meir July 15, 1977  United States NASA Astronaut Group 21, "The 8 Balls", 2013
Nicole Aunapu Mann June 27, 1977  United States NASA Astronaut Group 21, "The 8 Balls", 2013
Serena M. Auñón Apr. 9, 1976  United States Completed Astronaut Candidate Training in 2011.
Jeanette J. Epps Nov. 2, 1970  United States Completed Astronaut Candidate Training in 2011.
Patricia Robertson Mar. 12, 1963
Died May 24, 2001.
 United States NASA Astronaut Group 17, "The Penguins", 1998
Nadezhda Kuzhelnaya Nov. 6, 1962  Russia Retired May 27, 2004.
Marianne Merchez Nov. 25, 1960  Belgium Retired 1995.
Yvonne Cagle Apr. 24, 1959  United States Retired 2008.
Christa McAuliffe September 2, 1948
died Jan. 28, 1986
 United States Died on the Challenger, January 28, 1986. Mission launched, but did not cross the Kármán line. The crew cabin peaked approx. 70,000 ft (above the Armstrong limit)
Tatyana Kuznetsova Jul. 14, 1941  Soviet Union Retired 1969.
Zhanna Yorkina May 6, 1939  Soviet Union Retired 1969.
Irina Solovyova Sep. 6, 1937  Soviet Union Retired 1969.
Valentina Ponomaryova Sep. 18, 1933  Soviet Union Retired 1969.

See also

References

  1. ^ List of space travelers by name
  2. ^ http://womenshistory.about.com/od/aviationspace/a/timeline_space.htm
  3. ^ First Mother in Space, Mars Team to Be at NASA Langley Open House
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ http://americanindian.net/kusi/tracycaldwell/index.html
  6. ^
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