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List of human spaceflights, 1961–70

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Title: List of human spaceflights, 1961–70  
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List of human spaceflights, 1961–70

This is a detailed listing of human spaceflights from 1961 to 1970, spanning the Soviet Vostok and Voskhod programs, the start of the Soviet Soyuz program, the American Mercury and Gemini programs, and the first lunar landings of the American Apollo program.

  • Red indicates fatalities.
  • Green indicates sub-orbital spaceflight (including flights that failed to attain intended orbit).
  • Grey indicates flights to the Moon.
  • Note: The USA defines spaceflight as any flight reaching an altitude of 50 miles, while the FAI definition requires an altitude of 100 km. During the 1960s, 13 manned flights of the US X-15 rocket plane met the US criteria and only two the FAI's. This list includes only the latter two flights (see the X-15 article for a list of all 13).
# Crew Launch
Spacecraft
Habitation Return
Spacecraft
Brief Mission Summary
1 Yuri Gagarin 12 April 1961
Vostok 1
First manned spaceflight. Completed one earth orbit.
2 Alan B. Shepard 5 May 1961
Mercury-Redstone 3 (Freedom 7)
First American manned suborbital spaceflight (altitude 187 kilometres, 116 miles).
3 Virgil I. Grissom 21 July 1961
Mercury-Redstone 4 (Liberty Bell 7)
Second American manned suborbital flight (altitude 118.26 mi, 190 km).
4 Gherman Titov 6 August 1961
Vostok 2
7 August 1961
Vostok 2
Day-long flight. Completed 17 earth orbits. Brief manual control by pilot.
5 John H. Glenn 20 February 1962
Mercury-Atlas 6 (Friendship 7)
First American manned orbital flight. Completed 3 orbits.
6 M. Scott Carpenter 24 May 1962
Mercury-Atlas 7 (Aurora 7)
First manual retrofire. Earth photography and study of liquids in weightless conditions.
7 Andriyan Nikolayev 11 August 1962
Vostok 3
15 August 1962
Vostok 3
First instance of two manned spacecraft in orbit simultaneously.
8 Pavel Popovich 12 August 1962
Vostok 4
15 August 1962
Vostok 4
First instance of two manned spacecraft in orbit simultaneously.
9 Walter M. Schirra 3 October 1962
Mercury-Atlas 8 (Sigma 7)
First flawless Mercury mission.
10 L. Gordon Cooper 15 May 1963
Mercury-Atlas 9 (Faith 7)
16 May 1963
Mercury-Atlas 9 (Faith 7)
First live TV from U.S. astronaut.
11 Valery Bykovsky 14 June 1963
Vostok 5
19 June 1963
Vostok 5
Longest solo spaceflight.
12 Valentina Tereshkova 16 June 1963
Vostok 6
19 June 1963
Vostok 6
First woman in space.
13 Joseph A. Walker 19 July 1963
Flight 90, X-15
First winged craft in space. Reached altitude of 106 km.
14 Joseph A. Walker 22 August 1963
Flight 91, X-15
Reached altitude of 108 km. Walker becomes first person to fly into space twice. X-15 #3 (serial 56-6672) becomes first vehicle to fly into space twice.
15 Vladimir Komarov
Konstantin Feoktistov
Boris Yegorov
12 October 1964
Voskhod 1
13 October 1964
Voskhod 1
First multiple person spaceflight. Biomedical research.
16 Alexey Leonov
Pavel Belyayev
18 March 1965
Voskhod 2
19 March 1965
Voskhod 2
First EVA.
17 Virgil I. Grissom
John W. Young
23 March 1965
Gemini 3
First to perform orbital maneuvers.
18 James A. McDivitt
Edward H. White
3 June 1965
Gemini 4
7 June 1965
Gemini 4
First American EVA.
19 L. Gordon Cooper
Charles P. Conrad
21 August 1965
Gemini 5
29 August 1965
Gemini 5
First one week spaceflight. Cooper becomes the first person to orbit the Earth on two different missions.
20 Frank F. Borman
James A. Lovell
4 December 1965
Gemini 7
18 December 1965
Gemini 7
First two-week spaceflight. First space rendezvous in history with Gemini 6A.
21 Walter M. Schirra
Thomas P. Stafford
15 December 1965
Gemini 6A
16 December 1965
Gemini 6A
First space rendezvous in history with Gemini 7.
22 Neil A. Armstrong
David R. Scott
16 March 1966
Gemini 8
17 March 1966
Gemini 8
First docking in space in history with Agena Target Vehicle Planned EVA canceled due to early re-entry necessitated by stuck thruster.
23 Thomas P. Stafford
Eugene A. Cernan
3 June 1966
Gemini 9A
6 June 1966
Gemini 9A
First backup crew to fly space mission.
24 John W. Young
Michael Collins
18 July 1966
Gemini 10
21 July 1966
Gemini 10
First rendezvous with two different objects.
25 Charles P. Conrad
Richard F. Gordon
12 September 1966
Gemini 11
15 September 1966
Gemini 11
Held altitude record prior to lunar missions (1374 km).
26 James A. Lovell
Edwin E. Aldrin
11 November 1966
Gemini 12
15 November 1966
Gemini 12
First manual rendezvous. Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
27 Vladimir Komarov 23 April 1967
Soyuz 1
24 April 1967
Soyuz 1
Crashed on re-entry. First fatality during spaceflight.
28 Walter M. Schirra
Donn F. Eisele
R. Walter Cunningham
11 October 1968
Apollo 7
22 October 1968
Apollo 7
First three person U.S. crew. Launched over 20 months after Apollo 1 fatalities.
29 Georgy Beregovoy 26 October 1968
Soyuz 3
30 October 1968
Soyuz 3
Failed to dock with unmanned Soyuz 2.
30 Frank F. Borman
James A. Lovell
William A. Anders
21 December 1968
Apollo 8
27 December 1968
Apollo 8
First manned lunar orbit.
31 Vladimir Shatalov 14 January 1969
Soyuz 4
17 January 1969
Soyuz 4
First crew transfer between space vehicles. First docking of two manned spacecraft.
32 Aleksei Yeliseyev
Yevgeny Khrunov
15 January 1969
Soyuz 5
17 January 1969
Soyuz 4
First crew transfer between space vehicles. First docking of two manned spacecraft.
Boris Volynov 18 January 1969
Soyuz 5
33 James A. McDivitt
David R. Scott
Russell L. Schweickart
3 March 1969
Apollo 9
13 March 1969
Apollo 9
Tested Lunar Module in low Earth orbit.
34 Thomas P. Stafford
John W. Young
Eugene A. Cernan
18 May 1969
Apollo 10
26 May 1969
Apollo 10
Tested Lunar Module in low lunar orbit.
35 Neil A. Armstrong
Michael Collins
Edwin E. Aldrin
16 July 1969
Apollo 11
Moon 24 July 1969
Apollo 11
First lunar landing.
36 Georgy Shonin
Valeri Kubasov
11 October 1969
Soyuz 6
16 October 1969
Soyuz 6
First three-craft spaceflight.
37 Anatoly Filipchenko
Vladislav Volkov
Viktor Gorbatko
12 October 1969
Soyuz 7
17 October 1969
Soyuz 7
First three-craft spaceflight.
38 Vladimir Shatalov
Aleksei Yeliseyev
13 October 1969
Soyuz 8
18 October 1969
Soyuz 8
First three-craft spaceflight.
39 Charles P. Conrad
Richard F. Gordon
Alan Bean
14 November 1969
Apollo 12
Moon 24 November 1969
Apollo 12
Second lunar landing. Precision landing near Surveyor 3.
40 James A. Lovell
John L. Swigert
Fred W. Haise
11 April 1970
Apollo 13
17 April 1970
Apollo 13
Lunar landing aborted following explosion en route.
41 Andriyan Nikolayev
Vitaliy Sevastyanov
1 June 1970
Soyuz 9
19 June 1970
Soyuz 9
Investigations into effects of prolonged spaceflight. Record duration mission for single spacecraft.

See also

A chart showing relative accomplishments in human spaceflights (along with probes) visually graphing how the Soviet Union was far ahead of the U.S. in the early 1960s, but lost that lead in the middle of the decade. By the end of the decade, the U.S. had established unquestioned superiority by accomplishing President Kennedy's Moon challenge.
A chart showing U.S. astronaut assignments during the 1960s through the Apollo era.
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