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List of human spaceflights, 1971–80

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Title: List of human spaceflights, 1971–80  
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List of human spaceflights, 1971–80

This is a detailed listing of human spaceflights from 1971 to 1980, including the later Apollo moon landings, the US Skylab missions, and the start of the Soviet Union's Salyut series of space stations.

  • Red indicates fatalities.
  • Green indicates suborbital flights (including flights that failed to attain intended orbit).
  • Grey indicates flights to the Moon.
# Crew Launch
spacecraft
Habitation Return
spacecraft
Brief mission summary
42 Alan B. Shepard
Stuart A. Roosa
Edgar D. Mitchell
31 January 1971
Apollo 14
Moon 9 February 1971
Apollo 14
Third lunar landing. Shepard becomes only Mercury astronaut to walk on moon and hits golf ball on moon's surface.
43 Vladimir Shatalov
Aleksei Yeliseyev
Nikolay Rukavishnikov
23 April 1971
Soyuz 10
25 April 1971
Soyuz 10
Unsuccessful attempt to board Salyut 1 space station.
44 Georgy Dobrovolsky
Viktor Patsayev
Vladislav Volkov
6 June 1971
Soyuz 11
Salyut 1 29 June 1971
Soyuz 11
Successful boarding of Salyut 1 (first manned space station). All crew died on re-entry due to air leak.
45 David R. Scott
Alfred M. Worden
James B. Irwin
26 July 1971
Apollo 15
Moon 7 August 1971
Apollo 15
Fourth lunar landing. First Lunar Rover.
46 John W. Young
Thomas K. Mattingly
Charles M. Duke
16 April 1972
Apollo 16
Moon 27 April 1972
Apollo 16
Fifth lunar landing.
47 Eugene A. Cernan
Ronald E. Evans
Harrison H. Schmitt
7 December 1972
Apollo 17
Moon 19 December 1972
Apollo 17
Sixth and last lunar landing.
48 Charles P. Conrad
Paul J. Weitz
Joseph P. Kerwin
25 May 1973
Skylab 2
Skylab 22 June 1973
Skylab 2
First manned mission to Skylab space station. Spent almost one month in space.
49 Alan L. Bean
Jack R. Lousma
Owen K. Garriott
28 July 1973
Skylab 3
Skylab 25 September 1973
Skylab 3
Spent almost two months in space. Miscellaneous scientific experiments.
50 Vasili Lazarev
Oleg Makarov
27 September 1973
Soyuz 12
29 September 1973
Soyuz 12
Test flight of new Soyuz design following Soyuz 11 disaster.
51 Gerald P. Carr
William R. Pogue
Edward G. Gibson
16 November 1973
Skylab 4
Skylab 8 February 1974
Skylab 4
Spent almost three months in space. Miscellaneous scientific experiments conducted.
52 Valentin Lebedev
Pyotr Klimuk
18 December 1973
Soyuz 13
26 December 1973
Soyuz 13
Second test of redesigned Soyuz capsule.
Astrophysical observations.
53 Yuri Artyukhin
Pavel Popovich
3 July 1974
Soyuz 14
Salyut 3 19 July 1974
Soyuz 14
Military mission. Evaluation of military applications of human spaceflight.
54 Lev Demin
Gennadi Sarafanov
26 August 1974
Soyuz 15
28 August 1974
Soyuz 15
Failed to board Salyut 3 space station.
55 Anatoly Filipchenko
Nikolay Rukavishnikov
2 December 1974
Soyuz 16
8 December 1974
Soyuz 16
Systems testing in preparation for joint Soviet-US space flight.
56 Georgy Grechko
Aleksei Gubarev
11 January 1975
Soyuz 17
Salyut 4 10 February 1975
Soyuz 17
Astronomical observations.
57 Vasili Lazarev
Oleg Makarov
5 April 1975
Soyuz 18a
Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction.
58 Pyotr Klimuk
Vitali Sevastyanov
24 May 1975
Soyuz 18
Salyut 4 26 July 1975
Soyuz 18
Research into long-term stays in space.
59 Alexei Leonov
Valeri Kubasov
15 July 1975
Soyuz 19
21 July 1975
Soyuz 19
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP); first joint Soviet–US spaceflight. The two craft dock in space with exchange of flags and gifts.
Last manned US mission until STS-1 in 1981.
60 Thomas P. Stafford
Vance D. Brand
Donald K. Slayton
15 July 1975
Apollo-Soyuz
24 July 1975
Apollo-Soyuz
61 Boris Volynov
Vitaliy Zholobov
6 July 1976
Soyuz 21
Salyut 5 24 August 1976
Soyuz 21
Assessment of Salyut 5 station’s military surveillance capabilities.
62 Valery Bykovsky
Vladimir Aksyonov
15 September 1976
Soyuz 22
23 September 1976
Soyuz 22
Earth photography.
63 Vyacheslav Zudov
Valery Rozhdestvensky
14 October 1976
Soyuz 23
16 October 1976
Soyuz 23
Failed to board Salyut 5 space station.
64 Viktor Gorbatko
Yuri Glazkov
7 February 1977
Soyuz 24
Salyut 5 25 February 1977
Soyuz 24
Investigation of air quality on board Salyut 5.
65 Vladimir Kovalyonok
Valeri Ryumin
9 October 1977
Soyuz 25
11 October 1977
Soyuz 25
Failed to board Salyut 6 space station.
66 Georgy Grechko
Yuri Romanenko
10 December 1977
Soyuz 26
Salyut 6 16 March 1978
Soyuz 27
First successful docking with Salyut 6.
67 Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Oleg Makarov
10 January 1978
Soyuz 27
Salyut 6 16 January 1978
Soyuz 26
68 Aleksey Gubarev
Vladimír Remek
2 March 1978
Soyuz 28
Salyut 6 10 March 1978
Soyuz 28
First Czech astronaut and first astronaut not from USA or USSR (Remek).
69 Vladimir Kovalyonok
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
15 June 1978
Soyuz 29
Salyut 6 2 November 1978
Soyuz 31
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
70 Pyotr Klimuk
Mirosław Hermaszewski
27 June 1978
Soyuz 30
Salyut 6 5 July 1978
Soyuz 30
Life sciences experiments. Earth observations and study of aurora borealis. First Pole in space (Hermaszewski).
71 Valery Bykovsky
Sigmund Jähn
26 August 1978
Soyuz 31
Salyut 6 3 September 1978
Soyuz 29
First East German in space (Jähn).
72 Vladimir Lyakhov
Valeri Ryumin
25 February 1979
Soyuz 32
Salyut 6 19 August 1979
Soyuz 34
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
73 Nikolay Rukavishnikov
Georgi Ivanov
10 April 1979
Soyuz 33
12 April 1979
Soyuz 33
Failed to board Salyut 6 space station. First Bulgarian in space (Ivanov).
74 Leonid Popov
Valeri Ryumin
9 April 1980
Soyuz 35
Salyut 6 11 October 1980
Soyuz 37
Salyut 6 crew rotation.
75 Valeri Kubasov
Bertalan Farkas
26 May 1980
Soyuz 36
Salyut 6 3 June 1980
Soyuz 35
Materials processing, Earth observation and life sciences experiments. First Hungarian in space (Farkas).
76 Yury Malyshev
Vladimir Aksyonov
5 June 1980
Soyuz T-2
Salyut 6 9 June 1980
Soyuz T-2
First manned flight of the Soyuz T.
77 Viktor Gorbatko
Pham Tuân
23 July 1980
Soyuz 37
Salyut 6 31 July 1980
Soyuz 36
Miscellaneous scientific experiments. First Vietnamese and first Asian outside USSR in space (Tuan).
78 Yuri Romanenko
Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez
18 September 1980
Soyuz 38
Salyut 6 26 September 1980
Soyuz 38
First Cuban and first black person in space (Tamayo-Mendez).
79 Leonid Kizim
Oleg Makarov
Gennadi Strekalov
27 November 1980
Soyuz T-3
Salyut 6 10 December 1980
Soyuz T-3
Salyut 6 refurbishment.

See also

A chart showing relative accomplishments in human spaceflights (along with probes) visually graphing how the U.S. had far surpassed the Soviet Union in the 1970s with lunar missions, yet lagged years behind in space station activity.
A chart showing U.S. astronaut assignments during the 1970s as graduated from the Mercury and Gemini programs.
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