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List of largest buildings in the world

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List of largest buildings in the world

The three lists in this article rank buildings from around the world by usable space (volume), footprint on the ground(area), and floor space (area), respectively. The term "building" used by these lists refers to single structures that are suitable for continuous human occupancy. There are a few exceptions which include factories and warehouses.

The Aerium near Berlin is the largest uninterrupted volume in the world, with Boeing's factory in Everett, Washington, United States the largest building in the world by volume and the Aalsmeer Flower Auction Building in Aalsmeer, Netherlands the largest in area footprint, while the New Century Global Center in Chengdu is the largest building in terms of total floor area.[1] The surface area of the proposed Crystal Island complex in Moscow, Russia, is more than double that of the largest current building, though this project has been delayed by the global economic crisis.[2]

Contents

  • Largest usable space 1
  • Largest footprint 2
  • Largest floor space 3
  • Special categories 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Largest usable space

Boeing's Everett factory seen in 2011
Aerium, Germany
Tropical Islands Dome in Brand - Bird’s-eye view - inside -

This list ranks the buildings throughout the world with the largest usable space sorted by volume.

Name Location Floor Area Volume Description Source
1 Boeing Everett Factory Everett, Washington 398,000 m² (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m³ (472 million cu ft) Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [3]
2 Target Import Warehouse Lacey, Washington 185,800 m² (2,000,000 sq ft) 7.43 million m³ (262.4 million cu ft) Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers.
3 Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m² (1,320,000 sq ft) 5.6 million m³ (199 million cu ft) The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest airliner. [4]
4 Aerium Halbe, Brandenburg 70,000 m² (753,000 sq ft) 5.2 million m³ (184 million cu ft) A hangar originally intended to house the construction of a giant airship, this building now houses an indoor theme park, called Tropical Islands Resort. [5]
5 Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2 Papenburg, Niedersachsen 63,000 m² (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m³ (167 million cu ft) Dry dock for construction of cruise ships. [6]
6 NASA Vehicle Assembly Building Brevard County, Florida 32,374 m² (348,000 sq ft) 3.66 million m³ (130 million cu ft) Originally built to enable simultaneous assembly and shelter for four Saturn V rockets. [7]
7 The O2 London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 2.79 million m³ (98.6 million cu ft) An exhibition centre designed for the millennium and converted into an entertainment centre. [8]
8 Tesco Ireland Distribution Centre Donabate, Fingal 80,194 m² (863,201 sq ft) 1.55 million m³ (54.83 million cu ft) Large dry grocery distribution centre near Dublin. Opened in 2007 at a cost of €70 million. [9][10]

[11][12]

9 Austal USA (Module Manufacturing Facility) Mobile, Alabama 68,250 m² (734,637 sq ft) 1.365 million m³ (48.204 million cu ft) The facility is capable of constructing six large aluminum vessels such as the Navy’s Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) and/or Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) per year. [13]
10 Hanover Fairground (Halls 3–9) Mittelfeld, Hannover 114,535 m² 1.15 million m³ Largest exhibition ground in the world with 27 halls. Halls 1–2 and 10–27 are in separate adjacent buildings. [14]
11 National Exhibition Centre (Halls 1-5) Birmingham, West Midlands 186,000 m² 1.14 million m³ Large exhibition centre southeast of Birmingham. Halls 6-20 are in a separate building. [15]

Largest footprint

This list ranks the buildings throughout the world with the largest footprint on the ground.

Name Location Footprint Length & Width Description Map
1 Aalsmeer Flower Auction Aalsmeer 518,000 m² 740 m x 700 m The auction building of the flower auction in Aalsmeer. [13]
2 Tesla Factory Fremont, California 510,000 m² The principal production facility of Tesla Motors
3 Boeing Everett Factory Everett, Washington 398,000 m² 900 m x 495 m Boeing's assembly site for a selection of the company's largest aircraft, originally built for construction of the 747. [14]
4 Mitsubishi Motors North America Normal, Illinois 220,000 m² 920 m x 200 m Assembles the Mitsubishi Outlander [15]
5 Belvidere Assembly Plant Belvidere, Illinois 210,000 m² 700 m x 300 m Assembles the Dodge Dart, Jeep Patriot, and Jeep Compass. [16]
6 New Century Global Centre Chengdu 200,000 m² 500 m x 400 m "The Global Centre will be home to business offices, hotels, theaters, high-end shopping malls, a faux Mediterranean village, family-themed attractions, university complexes and more."[16] [17]
7 Target Import Warehouse Lacey, Washington 159,000 m² 1,060 m x 150 m Built to distribute imported product to internal Target distribution centers. [18]
8 Jean-Luc Lagardère Plant Toulouse-Blagnac 122,500 m² 470 m x 270 m The assembly hall of the Airbus A380, the world's largest Airliner. [19]
9 Amazon Distribution Center Schertz, Texas 117,450 m2 (1,264,200 sq ft) 675 m x 174 m Built to distribute products to Amazon customers [20]
10 Lauma Fabrics Liepāja, Latvia 115,645 m2 (1,244,790 sq ft) 229 m x 505 m Lauma Fabrics is a manufacturing company which produces raw materials for lingerie production. [21]
11 The O2 London 104,634 m2 (1,126,270 sq ft) 365 m diameter An exhibition centre entertainment centre.
12 Amazon.com Logistics Centre Bad Hersfeld, Hessen 89,380 m² 410 m x 218 m Logistics center and warehouse for Amazon.com. [22]

Largest floor space

Concourse B part of Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport
The Pentagon

This list ranks the top buildings throughout the world with the largest amount of floor area.

# Name Location Floor Area Source/Notes
1 New Century Global Center Chengdu 1,760,000 m2 (18,900,000 sq ft) [17][18]
2 Dubai International Airport Terminal 3 Dubai 1,713,000 m2 (18,440,000 sq ft) [1]
3 Abraj Al-Bait Endowment Mecca 1,575,815 m2 (16,961,930 sq ft) [19]
4 CentralWorld Bangkok 1,024,000 m2 (11,020,000 sq ft)
5 Aalsmeer Flower Auction Aalsmeer 990,000 m2 (10,700,000 sq ft) [20]
6 Beijing Capital International Airport Terminal 3 Beijing 986,000 m2 (10,610,000 sq ft) [21]
7 The Venetian Macao Macau 980,000 m2 (10,500,000 sq ft) [22]
8 Sands Cotai Central Macau 890,000 m2 (9,600,000 sq ft) [23]
9 Berjaya Times Square Kuala Lumpur 700,000 m2 (7,500,000 sq ft)
10 Central Park Jakarta Complex Jakarta 660,000 m2 (7,100,000 sq ft)
11 The Palazzo Las Vegas, Nevada 645,581 m2 (6,948,980 sq ft) [24]
12 Grand Indonesia Jakarta 640,000 m2 (6,900,000 sq ft)
13 The Pentagon Arlington County, Virginia 610,000 m2 (6,600,000 sq ft) [25][26]
14 K-25 Tennessee 609,000 m2 (6,560,000 sq ft) Demolished by the end of 2013.[27]
15 Air Force Plant 4 Texas 603,870 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [28]
16 Schiphol Airport Amsterdam 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) [29][30]
17 Marina Bay Sands Singapore 581,400 m2 (6,258,000 sq ft) [31]
18 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Vietnam 580,000 m2 (6,200,000 sq ft)
19 Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1 Hong Kong 570,000 m2 (6,100,000 sq ft) [32]
20 Suvarnabhumi Airport Samut Prakan 563,000 m2 (6,060,000 sq ft) [33]
21 ATL Logistics Centre, Centre B Hong Kong 550,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft) [34]
22 Barcelona Airport Terminal 1 Barcelona 546,000 m2 (5,880,000 sq ft) [35]
23 Mexico City International Airport Terminal 1 Mexico City 544,000 m2 (5,860,000 sq ft)
24 Osaka Station City Umeda, Osaka 530,000 m2 (5,700,000 sq ft)
25 Renaissance Center Detroit 515,000 m2 (5,540,000 sq ft) [36][37]
26 Indira Gandhi International Airport Terminal 3 Delhi 502,000 m2 (5,400,000 sq ft) [38]
27 Incheon International Airport Seoul 496,000 m2 (5,340,000 sq ft) [39]
28 Chrysler Headquarters and Technology Center Auburn Hills, Michigan 490,000 m2 (5,300,000 sq ft) [40]
29 Barajas Airport Terminal 4 main building Madrid 470,000 m2 (5,100,000 sq ft)
30 Toronto Pearson International Airport Terminal 1 Mississauga 464,000 m2 (4,990,000 sq ft)
31 Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport Terminal 2 Mumbai 450,000 m2 (4,800,000 sq ft)
32 Persian Gulf Complex (Persian: مجتمع خلیج فارس‎‎, mojtama'e Khalij-e Fars) Shiraz 444,000 m2 (4,780,000 sq ft) [41]
33 Narita International Airport Terminal 1 Narita 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft) [42]
34 Mid Valley Megamall Kuala Lumpur 420,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [43]
35 Willis Tower Chicago 418,000 m2 (4,500,000 sq ft) [44]
36 USAA McDermott Building San Antonio 414,642 m2 (4,463,170 sq ft) [45]
37 Taipei 101 Taipei 412,500 m2 (4,440,000 sq ft) [46]
38 Nagoya Station Nagoya 410,000 m2 (4,400,000 sq ft) [47]
39 Boeing Plant Everett 398,000 m2 (4,280,000 sq ft) [3]
40 Yokohama Landmark Tower Yokohama 392,885 m2 (4,228,980 sq ft) [48]
41 CCTV Headquarters Beijing 389,079 m2 (4,188,010 sq ft) [49]
42 Mori Tower Tokyo 380,105 m2 (4,091,420 sq ft) [50]
43 Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 3 Singapore 380,000 m2 (4,100,000 sq ft) [51]
44 Shanghai Tower Shanghai 380,000 m2 (4,100,000 sq ft) [52]
45 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai 377,300 m2 (4,061,000 sq ft) [53]
46 Merchandise Mart Chicago 372,000 m2 (4,000,000 sq ft) [54]
47 Burj Khalifa Dubai 309,473 m2 (3,331,140 sq ft) [55]

Special categories

Ericsson Globe

This list of special categories includes a variety of buildings which are the largest of their type.

Largest buildings
Type of building Name Location Floor Area Volume
Department store Shinsegae Centum City[56] Busan 509,810 m2 (5,487,500 sq ft)
Industrial Building Boeing Everett Factory Everett, Washington 398,000 m² (4.3 million sq ft) 13.3 million m3 (472 million cubic ft)
Parliament Palace of the Parliament[57] Bucharest 830,000 m² (3.55 million sq ft) 2.55 million m³ (90 million cu ft)
Bus Depot Millennium Park Bus Depot Delhi 305,265 m² (3.6 million sq ft)
Courthouse Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace Istanbul 300,000 m² (3.0 million sq ft)
Bus Terminal Tel Aviv Central Bus Station Tel Aviv 230,000 m2 (2.5 million sq ft)
Museum Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) Paris 210,000 m² (2,260,421 sq ft)
Current Royal Residence Istana Nurul Iman Bandar Seri Begawan 200,000 m² (2,152,782 sq ft)
Royal Palace Royal Palace of Madrid Madrid 135,000 m² (1,450,000 sq ft)
Shipbuilding hall Meyer Werft Dockhalle 2 Papenburg 63,000 m² (678,000 sq ft) 4.72 million m³ (167 million cu ft)
Hemispherical building Ericsson Globe[58] Stockholm 600,000 m³ (21 million cu ft)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Dubai Airports Fact Sheet". 
  2. ^ "Foster + Partners creates the world’s largest inhabited building". Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "Boeing Everett Factory Tours". Boeing. 
  4. ^  
  5. ^ "Germany's Pleasure Dome". Retrieved 25 January 2008. 
  6. ^ Emslandkurier am Sonntag für Papenburg, 2 December 2007, Page 1
  7. ^ "Vehicle Assembly Building". Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  8. ^ "Millennium Dome". Design Book Magazine. 
  9. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre TPE Consulting Engineers
  10. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre PUNCH Consulting Engineers
  11. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre Mannings
  12. ^ Tesco Distribution Centre Euromech
  13. ^ [23] Austal USA
  14. ^ [24] Hanover Fairground
  15. ^ Halls 1-5 Factsheet National Exhibition Centre
  16. ^ "ASHRAE Journal - February 2013 - Page 10". 
  17. ^ "New Century Global Center [High-tech Zone, South Extension] Chengdu Tianfu Avenue North, 1700". 
  18. ^ "A video of the world's largest building: the Chengdu New Century Global Center". 
  19. ^ "Abraj Al-Bait Endowment". 
  20. ^ "Aalsmeer Information". Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2008. 
  21. ^ Spencer, Richard (13 September 2007). "Beijing Capital International Airport at Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 8 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "HKIE exhibition overview". Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  23. ^ "Sands Cotai land costs MOP1.87 billion". Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  24. ^ "Palazzo Opens in Las Vegas". 
  25. ^ "The History of the Pentagon Building Features". Washington Headquarters Services website. US Department of Defense. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Pentagon facts and figures". Archived from the original on 8 February 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  27. ^ K-25 'West Wing' demolished
  28. ^ "GlobalSecurity.org". Retrieved 6 July 2009. 
  29. ^ "Facts and Figures 2009 of Schiphol (PDF)". Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "All Facts and Figures 2004 - 2013 of Schiphol (list of yearly statistics)". Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  31. ^ "Safdie Architects - Marina Bay Sands in Singapore". Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  32. ^ "Hong Kong International Airport fact sheet". Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  33. ^ "Suvarnabhumi Airport fact sheet". Retrieved 7 March 2008. 
  34. ^ "Asia Terminals Ltd Logistics Centre". Retrieved 30 January 2008. 
  35. ^ AENA. "Aena.es". Retrieved on 19 June 2010.
  36. ^ GM Renaissance Center - Project Facts. Skidmore Ownings & Merrill. Retrieved on 21 August 2009.
  37. ^ "GM Renaissance Center". Hines. Retrieved 16 August 2008. 
  38. ^ "IGIA Master Plan". Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  39. ^ "Airport Technology.com: Incheon International Airport". Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  40. ^ Priddle, Alisa (12 May 2009).Chrysler's tech center called a 'good asset'. The Detroit News. Retrieved on 28 June 2009.
  41. ^ "Persian Gulf Complex (Mojtama'e Khalij Fars)". Retrieved 23 June 2011. 
  42. ^ "Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Civil Aviation Bureau". Retrieved 3 August 2009. 
  43. ^ "Mid Valley Megamall - IGB REIT". IGB Corporation Berhad. Retrieved 31 January 2013. 
  44. ^ "Sears tower at skyscraper page". Retrieved 21 January 2008.  |
  45. ^ "ENERGY STAR Labeled Building Profile". 
  46. ^ "Taipei 101, Taipei". 
  47. ^ "Nagoya Station". Gojapango.com. Retrieved August 10, 2015. 
  48. ^ "Landmark Tower, Yokohama". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  49. ^ Tall buildings: [Catalog of an exhibition held at MoMA QNS, July 16-Sept. 27, 2004, organized by Terence Riley and Guy Nordenson]. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  50. ^ "Roppongi Hills Mori Tower, Tokyo". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  51. ^ "Facts in Changi Airport". Archived from the original on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2010. 
  52. ^ "Shanghai Tower, Shanghai". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  53. ^ "Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai". Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  54. ^ "Marchitecture". Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008. 
  55. ^ "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database: Burj Khalifa".  
  56. ^ http://koreabridge.net/post/destination-shinsegae-centum-city-largest-department-store-world-–-busan-chrisinsouthkorea
  57. ^ "Palatul Parlamentului, o emblema a Bucurestiului « Hotel-Bucuresti.com Hotel-Bucuresti.com". Hotel-Bucuresti.com. 
  58. ^ "Stockholm Globe Arena information". Retrieved 27 January 2008. 
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