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List of political parties in the United States

This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present.


  • Parties with federal representation 1
  • Major political parties 2
  • Minor political parties 3
  • Regional parties 4
    • Alaska 4.1
    • Connecticut 4.2
    • Delaware 4.3
    • Hawaii 4.4
    • Michigan 4.5
    • Minnesota 4.6
    • New York 4.7
    • Ohio 4.8
    • Oregon 4.9
    • Puerto Rico 4.10
    • Rhode Island 4.11
    • U.S. Virgin Islands 4.12
    • Vermont 4.13
    • Wisconsin 4.14
  • Historical parties 5
  • Non-electoral organizations 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

Parties with federal representation

Current United States Congressional seats
Political Parties House of Representatives Senate
Democratic Party 199 53
Republican Party 234 45
Independent 0 2
Vacant 2 0
Congressional leadership of the House of Representatives
Position Representative
Speaker of the House John Boehner (R)
Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R)
Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D)
Congressional leadership of the Senate
Position Senator
President of the Senate Joe Biden (D)
President Pro Tempore Patrick Leahy (D)
Majority Leader Harry Reid (D)
Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R)

The Vice President of the United States has the additional duty of President of the Senate. Because the number of seats in the United States Senate is an even number (two senators per state), it is the Vice President's duty as President of the Senate to cast a tie-breaking vote in the event that "they be equally divided"—an equal number of Senators voting both for and against a motion.

Major political parties

A party that has "an independent state organization... in a majority of the states"[1] is listed as a major party. An "independent state organization" is not to be confused with the organization of an Independent Democrat or Independent Republican.
Political Party States* Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
Democratic Party 50 + DC 1828 None
Republican Party 50 + DC 1854 International Democrat Union
Libertarian Party 45 + DC[2] 1971 Interlibertarians[3]
Green Party 37 + DC[4] 1991 Global Greens
Constitution Party 37[4] 1992 U.S. Taxpayers' Party None

Minor political parties

This listing of minor parties does not include independents.
Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
America First Party* 2002
American Conservative Party 2008
American Freedom Party 2010 American Third Position Party
American Populist Party 2009
America's Party 2008 America's Independent Party
Christian Liberty Party* 1996 American Heritage Party
Citizens Party of the United States 2004 New American Independent Party
Communist Party USA 1919 International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Freedom Socialist Party 1966
Independent American Party 1998
Justice Party 2011
Modern Whig Party 2008
National Socialist Movement 1974 National Socialist American Workers Freedom Movement World Union of National Socialists
Objectivist Party 2008
Party for Socialism and Liberation 2004
Peace and Freedom Party 1967
Pirate Party 2006 Pirate Party International (observer)
Prohibition Party 1869
Reform Party of the United States of America 1995 United We Stand America
Socialist Action 1983 Fourth International
Socialist Alternative 1986 Labor Militant Committee for a Workers' International
Socialist Equality Party 1966 Workers League International Committee of the Fourth International
Socialist Party USA 1973
Socialist Workers Party 1938 Pathfinder tendency (unofficial)
United States Marijuana Party 2002
United States Pacifist Party 1983
Unity Party of America 2004
Workers World Party 1959

Regional parties

These parties are based only in states or certain regions and rarely, if ever, offer candidates for national offices. These are all parties that are unaffiliated with national parties. Each state has official state chapters of the major parties as well as some of the minor parties.







New York



Puerto Rico

Rhode Island

U.S. Virgin Islands



Historical parties

The following parties are no longer functioning; they are listed in order of founding.

Non-electoral organizations

These organizations do not nominate candidates for election but otherwise function similarly to political parties. Some of them have nominated candidates in the past.
Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
American Falangist Party 1985
American Nazi Party 1959 World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
American Reform Party 1997
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism 1991 Committees of Correspondence
Communist Voice Organization 1995
Democratic Socialists of America 1982 Socialist International
Freedom Road Socialist Organization ( group) 1985
Freedom Road Socialist Organization ( group) 1985 International Communist Seminar
Fourth International Caucus (faction of Solidarity) 1995 Fourth International (USFI)
Greens/Green Party USA 1991
International Socialist Organization 1977
Internationalism 1970 International Communist Current
Internationalist Group 1996 League for the Fourth International
Internationalist Workers' Group 2002 International Communist Tendency
League for the Revolutionary Party 1976 Communist Organization for the Fourth International
League of Revolutionaries for a New America 1993
News and Letters Committees 1955
Progressive Labor Party 1961 Progressive Labor Movement *
Refoundation and Revolution (faction of Solidarity) 2002 Trotskyist League Coordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA 1975 Revolutionary Union
Revolutionary Organization of Labor 1961 Ray O. Light International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations
Social Democrats, USA 1972
Socialist Organizer 1991 Fourth International (International Center of Reconstruction)
Socialist Workers Organization 2001
Solidarity 1986
Spartacist League 1966 International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
The Spark 1971 International Communist Union
U.S. Marxist–Leninist Organization 1981
Workers Party 2003
World Socialist Party of the United States 1916 Socialist Party of the United States

Socialist Educational Society

Workers' Socialist Party

World Socialist Movement

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Libertarian Party Ballot Access
  3. ^ Interlibertarians - International Membership
  4. ^ a b Higher in 2000.

Further reading

  • Nash, Howard P., Jr.; Schnapper, M. B. (1959). Third Parties in American Politics. 
  • Ness, Immanuel; Ciment, James (2000). The Encyclopedia of Third Parties in America. Armonk, NY, U.S.A.: Sharpe Reference.  

External links

  • Party Links
  • Political Parties Timeline
  • Ballot Access News
  • Politics1 Directory of Candidates
  • Independent Political Candidate Directory at IndeCan
  • Educational quiz that matches policy answers to U.S. political parties
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