List of protected areas of India

This is a list of protected areas of India.

National parks

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.

Wildlife sanctuaries

There are over 440 wildlife sanctuaries (IUCN Category IV Protected Areas) in India. They are listed in the main article.

Tiger reserves

There are 46 tiger reserves in India (2014-8-31) which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.[1] There were an additional six proposed and four approved in principle reserves that are not yet declared.

Biosphere reserves

The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves of India,[2] (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

Reserve forests

The Indian Government has established "Reserve Forests" to protected patches of forests which are either the buffer zones of National Parks or Wildlife Sanctuaries or standalone small patches of forests among the civilization.

Coral reefs

Coral reefs in India
Location State Area (km²)
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands Andaman & Nicobar Islands
2 Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu
3 Gulf of Kutch Gujarat
4 Lakshadweep Islands Lakshadweep Islands

Mangrove areas

Mangrove areas in India
Name State
West Coast
1 Gulf of Khambat Gujarat
2 Gulf of Kutchh Gujarat
3 Malvan Maharashtra
4 Vasasi-Manori Maharashtra
5 Vaitarna Maharashtra
6 Shrivardhan Maharashtra
7 Vikroli Maharashtra
8 Mumbra-Diva Maharashtra
9 Kundalika-Ravdana Maharashtra
10 Veldur Maharashtra
11 Devgarh-Vijay Dur Maharashtra
12 Achra-Ratnagiri Maharashtra
13 Karwar Karnataka
14 Dakshin Kannada / Honnavar Karnataka
15 Coondapur Karnataka
16 Vembanad Kerala
East Coast
17 Sunderbans West Bengal
18 Bhitarkanika Orissa
19 Mahanadi Orissa
20 Subernarekha Orissa
21 Devi Orissa
22 Dhamra Orissa
23 Bhitarkanika Orissa
24 Chilka Orissa
25 Coringa Andhra Pradesh
26 East Godavari Andhra Pradesh
27 Krishna Andhra Pradesh
28 Pichavaram Tamil Nadu
29 Muthupet Tamil Nadu
30 Ramnad Tamil Nadu
31 Pulicat Tamil Nadu
32 Kazhuveli Tamil Nadu
33 North Andamans Andaman & Nicobar Islands
34 Nicobar Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Zoos

India has over 35 zoos governed by the Central Zoo Authority of India (CZA),[3] which is an associate member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA).[4]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Chetan Chauhan (2011-06-21), Kawal is tiger reserve no. 42, New Delhi: Hindustan Times, retrieved 2011-06-21 
  2. ^ Ministry of Environment and Forests: "Annual Report 2010-2011"
  3. ^ "Central Zoo Authority". cza.nic.in.  
  4. ^ "Members". waza.org.  

References

External links

  • Sanctuary Asia Magazine
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