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Liu Huaqing

Liu Huaqing
Liu Huaqing in 1955
Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission
In office
State Commission:
28 March 1993 – 5 March 1998
Party Commission:
November 1989 – 18 September 1997
Serving with Yang Shangkun, Zhang Zhen, Chi Haotian and Zhang Wannian
Chairman Jiang Zemin
Personal details
Born October 1916
Huang'an, Hubei, China
Died January 14, 2011
Political party Communist Party of China
Children Liu Zhuoming
Liu Huaqing
Traditional Chinese 劉華清
Simplified Chinese 刘华清

Liu Huaqing (Chinese: 刘华清; October 1916 – January 14, 2011) was a general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. He served as Commander of the PLA Navy from 1982 through 1988, and is considered to have greatly contributed to the modernization of the Chinese Navy.

He had outlined a three-step process by which China would have a navy of global reach by the second half of the 21st century. In step one, from 2000 to 2010, China would develop a naval force that could operate up to the first island chain. In step two, from 2010 to 2020, China's navy would become a regional force capable of projecting force to the second island chain. In step three, to be achieved by 2040, China would possess a blue-water navy with the aircraft carrier as its centerpiece.[1] He was a strong advocate of the future Chinese aircraft carrier program.

He was also the top commander of the troops enforcing martial law to suppress the Tiananmen Square protests in June 3–4, 1989.[2] From 1992 to 1997 Liu was a member of the Politburo Standing Committee. He was the last Standing Committee member of military background. Since he left the supreme council in 1997 no other military leader have sat on the committee.

Liu died on January 14, 2011 in Beijing.[3]

Liu Huaqing's son, Liu Zhuoming, is a vice admiral of the PLA Navy.[4]


  1. ^ Dooley, Howard J. (Spring–Summer 2012). "The Great Leap Outward: China's Maritime Renaissance". The Journal of East Asian Affairs (Institute for National Security Strategy) 26 (1): 71 – via  
  2. ^ 吴仁华. 《六四事件中的戒严部队》. 真相出版社. 2009.
  3. ^ "China's former military leader passes away".  
  4. ^ Becker, Jeffrey; Liebenberg, David; Mackenzie, Peter (December 2013). "Behind the Periscope: Leadership in China's Navy".  

External links

  • (Chinese) Biography of Liu Huaqing
  • Ruminations about how little we know about the PLA Navy. Conference on Chinese Military Affairs, October 10, 2000
Military offices
Preceded by
Ye Fei
Commander of the People's Liberation Army Navy
Succeeded by
Zhang Lianzhong

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