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Locrian Greek

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Locrian Greek

Locrian Greek
Region Locris
Era ?
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
Glottolog None

Locrian Greek is one of the ancient Greek dialects, which was spoken by the Locrians in Locris, Central Greece. It is classified as a dialect of Northwest Greek. The Locrians were divided into two tribes, the Ozolian Locrians and the Opuntian Locrians, thus the Locrian dialect can be also divided in two branches, the Ozolian and Opuntian respectively. The traits of both dialects were described by Wilhelm Dittenberger, editor of the project Inscriptiones Graecae.[1]

Ozolian Locrian

  • Dative plural of the third declension in -οις (-ois) instead of -σι (-si), a Northwest trait, e.g. πάντοις pantoisπᾶσι pasi, μειόνοις meionois — μείοσι meiosi
  • The adjective διπλειός dipleios instead of διπλοῦς diplous
  • The assimilation of κ (k) in the preposition ἐκ ek with the first consonant of the next word, e.g. ἐλ λιμένος e(l) limenosἐκ λιμένος ek limenos
  • The preposition κατά (kata) + genitive instead of accusative, e.g. καθ'ὧν kath'ōnκαθ'ἅ kath'a

Opuntian Locrian

  • Dative plural of the third declension in -εσσι (-essi) instead of -οις (-ois), an Aeolic trait which was found in the Phocian dialect too, e.g. Κεφαλλάνεσσι Kephallanessi, χρημάτεσσι chrêmatessi
  • The infinitive in -εν (-en) instead of -ειν (-ein), e.g. ἀναγράφεν anagraphenἀναγράφειν anagraphein
  • The patronymic names are according to the name they define, an Aeolic trait, e.g. Δαναΐς Νικοτελεία Danais Nikoteleia — Δαναΐς Νικοτέλους Danais Nikotelous
  • The preposition κατά (kata) + genitive instead of accusative, e.g. καθ'ὧν kath'ōnκαθ'ἅ kath'a


  • δείλομαι deilomai will, want (Locrian and Delphian) (Attic boulomai) (Coan dêlomai) (Doric bôlomai) (Thessalian bellomai)
  • ϝέρρω Werrô go away (Attic errô) (Hsch. berrês fugitive, berreuô escape)
  • Ϝεσπάριοι Λοϟροὶ Wesparioi Lokroi Epizephyrian (Western) Locrians in Calabria (Attic hesperios of the evening, western, Doric wesperios) (cf. Latin Vesper) IG IX,1² 3:718
  • Λοϟροὶ τοὶ ℎυποκναμίδιοι Lokroi toi hypoknamidioi (Attic Lokroi hoi hypoknemidioi) Hypoknemidian Locrians; under mount Knemis IG IX,1² 3:718
  • ὀπλίαι opliai places where the Locrians counted their cattle

See also


  1. ^ Inscriptiones Graecae Septentrionalis, Pars I Inscriptiones Phocidis, Locridis, Aetoliae, Acarnaniae, Insularum maris Ionii, Berolini, 1897, IG. IX, I

External links

  • Fr. Bechtel. Die griechishe Dialekte, II. Berlin, 1923.
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