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Lodwar

Lodwar
Town
View of Lodwar from the Hill
View of Lodwar from the Hill
Lodwar is located in Kenya
Lodwar
Location in Kenya
Coordinates:
Country  Kenya
County Turkana County
Elevation 477 m (1,565 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 48,316 [1]
 • Religions Christian

Lodwar is the largest town in northwestern Kenya, located west of Lake Turkana on the A1 road. Its main industries are basket weaving and tourism. The Loima Hills lie to its west. Lodwar is the capital of Turkana County. The town has a population of 48,316.

According to the Insider’s guide to Kenya Lodwar’s history began around 1933 when a trader named Shah Mohamed, arrived on the banks of the Turkwell River. The roads were inaccessible so he brought the donkeys. He eventually built a permanent trading centre in Lodwar including a gas station. The district commissioner’s office was built followed by a small medical clinic and a government prison. Police headquarters were built in Lokitaung as the tribal disputes were common in the area. During the 1960s, missionaries built schools in and around the town. Shah Mohamed opened several stores in the remote towns of this Turkana county because he was the only contractor and supplier to government departments, carried mail to the area, supplied and transported the goods for the Norwegian and Italian fish-canning projects on Lake Turkana (both projects eventually failed).

During the colonial period, Lodwar functioned as a transit point for British officials moving Kenyan political prisoners to the north. Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president, was restricted to house arrest for two years in Lodwar in 1959. The town had developed a reputation as an isolated outpost removed from in the rest of Kenya, but in recent years, Lodwar has expanded and gained commercial and economic prominence.

Lodwar is considered the capital of the region, housing local and governmental facilities, including Turkana’s biggest health facility and the main referral hospital, Lodwar County Hospital (LDH).[2] It is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lodwar. The town is also served by Lodwar Airport.

View of Lodwar when landing

Contents

  • Climate 1
  • Issues 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Climate

Lodwar has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very high temperatures and very little rainfall throughout the year. The average annual temperature is one of the highest found in the world with nearly 29 °C (84.2 °F) and the average annual rainfall is about 186 mm (7.32 in). Lodwar is among the sunniest places on Earth, as the desert city gets close to 3,600 hours of sunshine per year.

Climate data for Lodwar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
34.8
(94.6)
34.8
(94.6)
34.1
(93.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.6
(92.5)
34.9
(94.8)
35.4
(95.7)
34.5
(94.1)
34.8
(94.6)
34.8
(94.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
29.1
(84.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.5
(83.3)
29.3
(84.7)
Average low °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
23.0
(73.4)
24.0
(75.2)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
24.8
(76.6)
23.7
(74.7)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
9.5
(0.374)
18.9
(0.744)
58.0
(2.283)
21.3
(0.839)
7.6
(0.299)
20.2
(0.795)
8.9
(0.35)
5.1
(0.201)
10.2
(0.402)
28.4
(1.118)
14.0
(0.551)
210.7
(8.295)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 1 2 4 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 19
Mean monthly sunshine hours 316.2 271.6 288.3 258.0 310.0 306.0 306.9 306.9 306.0 306.9 288.0 313.1 3,577.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 10.2 9.7 9.3 8.6 10.0 10.2 9.9 9.9 10.2 9.9 9.6 10.1 9.8
Source: NOAA[3]

Issues

Lodwar is currently in a power crisis. Only about 35 percent of all citizens in Lowdar have access to electricity in their homes. Though it is at the epicentre of the world's largest underground aquifers, its residents experience intermittent water shortages leading to deaths of their cattle. The people here are predominantly nomadic pastoralists.

References

  1. ^ http://kenya.usaid.govs/default/files/profiles/Turkana%20County%2,023%20Jan%202,012.pdf
  2. ^ Living On! Fighting HIV/AIDS in Turkana, IRC/Matija Kovac, 2010, http://www.rescue-uk.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Reports/IRC_LivingOn_online-1_01.pdf
  3. ^ "Lodwar Climate Normals 1961–1990".  
  • Elizabeth Watkins, Jomo's Jailor - Grand Warrior of Kenya. (1993) Mulberry Books ISBN 978-0-9528952-0-6

External links

  • MSN Map

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