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Lower Mamberamo languages

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Title: Lower Mamberamo languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Language families, Classification schemes for Southeast Asian languages, Lower Mamberamo languages, Warembori language, Halmahera–Cenderawasih languages
Collection: Language Families, Lower Mamberamo Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lower Mamberamo languages

Lower Mamberamo
New Guinea
Linguistic classification: One of the world's primary language families
Glottolog: lowe1409[1]

The Lower Mamberamo languages are a recently proposed language family linking two languages spoken along the northern coast of Papua province, Indonesia, near the mouth of the Mamberamo River.

The two languages, Warembori and Yoke, were listed as isolates in Stephen Wurm's widely used classification. Donohue (1998) showed them to be related with shared morphological irregularities.[2] Ross (2007) classified Warembori as an Austronesian language based on pronouns; however, Donohue argues that these are borrowed, since the two pronouns most resistant to borrowing, 'I' and 'thou', do not resemble Austronesian or any other language family. The singular prefixes resemble Kwerba languages, but Lower Mamberamo has nothing else in common with that family. (See Warembori language and Yoke language for details.) Donohue argues that they form an independent family, though one perhaps related to another Papuan family, that has been extensively relexified under Austronesian influence, especially in the case of Warembori.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Lower Mamberamo".  
  2. ^ Donohue, Mark (1998 [2003]). Warembori, and the Lower Mamberamo family.



See also

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