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Mafraq Governorate

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Mafraq Governorate

Mafraq Governorate (محافظة المفرق)
Governorate
Mafraq Governorate
Country Jordan
Cities Ruwaished, Safawi
Capital Mafraq
 - coordinates
Area 26,551 km2 (10,251 sq mi)
Population 300,300 (2012)
Density 11.3 / km2 (29 / sq mi)
Governor Saleem Rawahneh
Timezone GMT +2
 - summer (DST) +3
Area code +(962)2
Urban 39.2%
Rural 60.8%

Mafraq (Arabic محافظة المفرق Al-Mafraq, local dialects Mafrag or Mafra' ) is one of the governorates of Jordan, located to the north-east of Amman, capital of Jordan. It has a population of 287,300 (2010 estimate)[1] making up 4.5% of Jordan's population. Its capital is Mafraq, which is known for its military bases.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Administrative divisions 4
  • Economy 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7

History

The city hall of the town of Khalediyya
Nahias of Mafraq

Many Roman and Byzantine sites have been found throughout the governorate, most notably churches dating from the third century AD; believed to be two of the oldest purpose built churches in Christianity: and Roman water dams in Ruwaished and the city of Mafraq. Mafraq city also contains a Roman fort.

During the British mandate period, Mafraq housed a military facilities which are still in use today. The fifth division of the Jordanian Army is stationed in Mafraq.

Geography

The province is located in the eastern part of the kingdom of Jordan. It is the only governorate in Jordan that has borders with three countries: Iraq to the east, Syria to the north, and Saudi Arabia to the south. It is bordered by Irbid and Jerash governorates to the west, and by Zarqa governorate to the south.

Mafraq governorate covers the second largest area in the kingdom, but yet the second smallest population density (after Ma'an). The climate is dry most of the year. The western region of the province is part of the fertile Houran plateaus, that extend through southern Syria, the Golan heights and northern Jordan.

The Governorate is connected to Iraq through the Karameh Border Crossing, and to Syria through the Jabir Border Crossing.

Demographics

The population of Mafraq Governorate according to the census of 2004 was 244,188 of whom 30% is considered urban and 70% is rural. Jordanian citizens made up about 94% of the population. The Jordanian Department of Statistics population estimate for the year 2010 is 287,300 with a female to male ratio of 48.17 to 51.83 and a population density of 10.8 persons per km2. In 2011 and 2012, the civil war in Syria resulted in the immigration of more than 180,000 Syrian refugees to Jordan, mostly settled in Mafraq and Irbid Governorates. In July 2012, the Zaatari refugee camp was opened in Mafraq Governorate for Syrian refugees.

Demographics of Mafraq Governorate 2004 Census [2] 2011 Estimate
Female to male ratio 48.0% to 52.0% 48.18% to 51.82%
Jordanian citizens to foreign nationals 93.9% to 6.1% N/A
Urban population 30.0% 39.2%
Rural population 70.0% 60.8%
Total population 244,188 293,700

Administrative divisions

Mafraq Governorate is divided into four districts (or departments) according to article 10 of the 46th Administrative Divisions System of the Kingdom of Jordan by the Ministry of Interior which was ratified in the year 2000:

District Arabic Name Subdivisions Administrative Center Population
Census 2004
Population
estimate 2008
1 Mafraq Capital (Nafraq Casabah) District لواء قصبة المفرق includes 72 towns and villages Mafraq city. 101,712 114,550
2 Ruwaishid District لواء الرويشد includes 12 towns and villages Ruwaished 9,805 11,040
3 North Badiya (Badiah Shamaliyah) District لواء البادية الشمالية includes 67 towns and villages Sabh 57,706 64,990
4 West Badiya (Badiah Gharbiyah) District لواء البادية الشمالية الغربية includes 45 towns and villages Sama as-Sarhan قلايدالخيل 74,965 84,420

Economy

Agriculture forms a central element of the economy for Mafraq Governorate, especially in the Houran Plateau in the western part of the province. The total area of fruit farms in the province in 2008 was 48.676 km2, with a total production of 101874 tons of fruits mainly apples and peaches, according to the ministry of Agriculture.[3] The total area of vegetable farms in the province for 2008 was 8.295 km2 with a total production of 15540 tons, with cabbage, onions, garlic, and lettuce being the main products.[4]

There is one natural gas production field at Al-Reeshah, it is run by the Jordanian National Petroleum Company. In 2008, British Petroleum purchased the rights to produce natural gas in the field, and is expected to increase its capacity from 21 cubic feet (0.59 m3) to 300 million cubic feet per day in the next five years. The natural gas produced at Al-Reeshah is used entirely for producing electricity at a nearby electricity generating station with a capacity of 120 Megawatts, covering 12% of the total needs of the kingdom for the year 2008.[5]

The city of Mafraq hosts Al al-Bayt University, which is the only university in the governorate.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ DOS Jordan
  2. ^ Jordan National Census of 2004 Table 3-1
  3. ^ Ministry of Agriculture Total area of trees by province report of 2008
  4. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Table of the total area of vegetables by province report of 2008
  5. ^ Asharq Alawsat newspaper September 5, 2009
  6. ^ Al al-Bayt University
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