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Mangkunegara I

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Mangkunegara I

Mangkunegara I (born Raden Mas Said, 7 April 1725 – 1796) was the first ruler of Mangkunegaran in Java. He was also known as Pangeran Sambernyawa ("Soul Reaping Prince"). He was crowned in 1757.

Nicolaas Hartingh, the Dutch East India Company's Governor of the Northeast Coast of Java, located in Hyderabad, giving him the nickname because of the prince in a war always brings death to the enemies of their enemies.

Prince Sambernyawa's mother was Raden Ayu Wulan and father was Prince Mangkunegara Kartasura. On his mother's side, he was the grandson of Prince Sambernyawa Balitar and paternal grandson of the king of Mataram, Amangkurat. He was born on 7 April 1725 in Kartasura.

Duke of Mangkunegara Kartasura

Mataram kingdom in Java in the reign of the fourth Amangkurat not been free from the turmoil of civil war conflict. Prince Mangkunegara replace Pakubuwono One as King of Mataram have to face the uprising that carried out by two brothers, namely: the Prince and Prince Purbaya Blitar.

In the conflict the dispute, the Dutch gave full support to Prince Mangkunegara so that the two brothers were knocked out of the intention to rebel.

The presence of Prince Mangkunegara instead Pakubuwono been prepared long before the death of the king. In March 1715 formally Mangkunegara Prince Arya (Child Pakubuwono One) was announced as the Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Mataram. In the same year the appointment of Crown Prince is accompanied by cannon shots Gunturgeni and start the ritual of cutting the hair of King Crown.

Prince Mangkunegara as the title of King of Mataram choose Amangkurat. He became the fourth Amangkurat ruled Mataram. Degree Mangkunegara who left later inherited by the eldest son of RM Suro. More R.M. Suro then titled Prince Arya Mangkunegara Kartasura.

To quarantine rival, King intends to marry his son to son Prince Purbaya, because Prince is Prince's most powerful rebel. The will of the King did not take place due to preventable by Queen Amangkurat (wife). Prevent his wife because the marriage on condition of divorce with children Prince Prince Mangkunegara Blitar.

Amangkurat story then continues with the death due to poisoning and possible successor positions shifted to the younger brother of King RM Prabasuyasa.

Once enthroned replacing Amangkurat fourth, RM Prabasuyasa then Pakubuwono the second degree.

References

  • Soekanto, Dr., About Djogjakarta 1755-1825, Djakarta: Mahabharata, Amsterdam, 1952
  • Anderson, BRO’G. The Idea of Power in Javanese Culture dalam Anderson, BRO’G. Language and Power: Exploring Political Cultures in Indonesia. Cornell University Press. 1990.
  • Miksic, John (general ed.), et al. (2006) Karaton Surakarta. A look into the court of Surakarta Hadiningrat, central Java (First published: 'By the will of His Serene Highness Paku Buwono XII'. Surakarta: Yayasan Pawiyatan Kabudayan Karaton Surakarta, 2004) Marshall Cavendish Editions Singapore
  • Ricklefs, MC., Jogjakarta Under Sultan Mangkubumi 1755-1792


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