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Manuel Solís

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Title: Manuel Solís  
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Subject: Manuel Noriega, List of state leaders in 1988, List of state leaders in 1989
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Manuel Solís

Manuel Solís Palma (December 3, 1917, in Los Santos Province – November 6, 2009) was the acting president of Panama from February 26, 1988 to September 1, 1989, under the military rule of Manuel Noriega. He served as education minister in several administrations,[1] and worked on the 1968 presidential campaign of Arnulfo Arias Madrid.

In February 1988, Noriega promoted Solís from education minister to president after the firing of president Eric Arturo Delvalle.[1] The US administration of president Ronald Reagan refused to recognize Solís or the diplomats representing him as legitimate.[2] In May, the administration offered a deal in which Noriega would leave office in exchange for the US dropping drug charges against him; however, the Panamanian military rejected the terms, which gave no guarantee that Solís would retain power.[3] Solís served until September 1, 1989, shortly before the US invasion of Panama which deposed Noriega.[1] He was later described as one of a series of Noriega's puppet rulers, nicknamed the "Kleenex presidents" in Panama due to their "disposability".[4] In 1994, he was pardoned by President Guillermo Endara for any crimes committed during the Noriega years.[5]

In the administration of Martín Torrijos (2004-2009), Solís served again as education minister.[1]

He died November 6, 2009 from pulmonary edema in Panama City.[1]


External links

  • Manuel Solís' obituary (Spanish)
Preceded by
Eric Arturo Delvalle
President of Panama
Succeeded by
Francisco Rodríguez
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