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Manyakheta

Manyakheta ಮಾನ್ಯಖೇಟ
Malkhed ಮಳಖೇಡ
village
Manyakheta ಮಾನ್ಯಖೇಟ is located in Karnataka
Manyakheta ಮಾನ್ಯಖೇಟ
Manyakheta ಮಾನ್ಯಖೇಟ
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Gulbarga district
Taluk Sedam
Lok Sabha Constituency Gulbarga
Population (2001)
 • Total 11,180
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KA 32

Manyakheta (Mānyakheṭa, Prakrit Mannakheḍa, modern Malkhed) on the banks of Kagina River in Sedam Taluk of Gulbarga district, Karnataka state, was the capital of Rashtrakutas from 818 to 982. It is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Gulbarga city.

The present day Malkhed is the home to one of the biggest cement factories by name Rajashree Cements owned by the Aditya Birla Group. The village is now developing into a business centre for food grains, dairy and livestock trading . Malkhed has got the biggest livestock trading centre in the entire region. The main crops grown here are mostly rainfed crops like different varieties of pulses pigeonpea, greengram, blackgram. Though water is plenty, it is rarely utilised for agriculture.The masonry here in Malkhed is basically stone masonry and the thatching of the roofs are done by square blocks of stone which are placed in a slanting way so that the rain water gets easily drained off.

At Malkhed, there is historical Fort, the Restoration of the Fort is in progress based on a proposal submitted by HKADB (Hyderabad Karnataka Area Development Board).

Contents

  • History 1
    • Ancient institutions 1.1
  • Demographics 2
  • Transport 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

From 814 A.D. to 968 A.D. Manyakheta rose to prominence when The capital of Rashtrakutas was moved from Mayurkhandi in Bidar district to Mānyakheṭa during the rule of Amoghavarsha I (Nrupatunga Amoghavarsha), ruled for 64 years and wrote Kavirajamarga the first classical Kannada work. Amoghavarsha I and the scholars mathematician Mahaveeracharya, and intellectuals Ajitasenacharya, Gunabhadracharya and Jinasenacharya, he helped to spread Jainism. After the fall of the Rāṣṭrakūṭas, it remained the capital of their successors, the Kalyani Chalukyas or Western Chalukyas till about 1050 CE. According to Dhanapāla's Pāiyalacchi, the city was sacked by the Paramāra king Harṣa Sīyaka in CE 972–73, the year he completed that work.[1]. It was later ruled by Kalyani Chalukyas, Southern Kalachuris, Yadavas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultanate, Bidar Sultanate, Bijapur Sultanate, Mughal Empire and Nizam of Hyderabad by 1948.

Ancient institutions

  • The remains of Sri Jayatirtha, one of its most prominent saints in the lineage of Madhvacharya are buried in a Brindavana here. He was a commentator of the celebrated "aNuvyakhyana" of Madhvacharya which itself is a commentary upon the "Brahma Sutras". For this commentary called Nyaya Sudha, he is popularly known as Teekacharya, a disciple of Akshobhya Tirtha (one of the four disciples of Madhvacharya), he had converted the Malkhed into the centre of Madhva study.[2] Every year the Aradhana Mahotsava of Jayatirtha held at Malkhed during the month of Ashada.
  • The Jain Bhattaraka Math. The temple of Neminath (9th century AD). The pillars and walls of the temple date back to between the 9th and 11th centuries. The idols include tirthankaras, choubisi (24 tirthankaras), Nandishwar dvipa and idols of yakshi. There is a famous panchdhatu shrine with 96 images. In the same temple, there are other historical images.

The famous Mahapurana (Adipurana and Uttarapurana) was composed here by Acharya Jinasena and his pupil Gunabhadra in the 9th century. Somodeva Suri’s Yasastilaka Champu was written here. The mathematics text Ganita Saara Sangraha was written here by Mahaviracharya.

The famous Apabhramsha poet Pushapadanta lived here.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Malkhed had a population of 11,180 with 5,679 males and 5,501 females and 2,180 Households.[3]

Transport

Malkhed is well connected by road and railway. Malkhed lies in State Highway 10. Malkahed is 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast to the District Headquarters Gulbarga and 18 kilometres (11 mi) west to the Taluk Headquarters Sedam. Thare is also a railway station in the village.

See also

References

  1. ^ Georg Bühler, ‘Pâiyalachchhî Nâmamâlâ’, in Beiträge zur Kunde der Indogermanischen Sprachen, vol. 4, edited by Adalbert Bezzenberger (Göttingen, 1878) and B. J. Dośī, Pāia-lacchīnāmamāla (Prākṛta-Lakṣmināmamālā) (Bombay, 1960): v. 276
  2. ^
  3. ^
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamath (2001). A Concise History of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002) OCLC: 7796041


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