World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mara people

Article Id: WHEBN0002385629
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mara people  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Maraland, Mizo people, Tlosaih, Evangelical Church of Maraland, Mara language
Collection: Kuki Tribes, Mizoram, Scheduled Tribes of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mara people

Mara
( MARA, LAKHER, SHENDU
Total population
112,000
Regions with significant populations
Mizoram, India 70,000 (Approximately)
Chin State, Burma 33,000
Rakhine, Burma 9,000
Languages
Mara Reih, Mizo, English, others
Religion
Christian (predominantly Evangelical)
Related ethnic groups
Mizo

The Mara people are the native inhabitants of Mizoram in India, native to northeastern India, primarily in the Mara Autonomous District Council of the state of Mizoram, where they form the majority of the population. Significant numbers of Maras are also found living south-eastern part of Burma, in Chin State and Rakhine State which border the district. They were earlier known as the Lakher by outsiders as Lusei called them by that name, and the new name Mara was inserted in List of Scheduled Tribes in Mizoram state in 1978 replacing the old name. The Maras were in early period known to the outside world under different tribal names such as Mara, Lakher, Shendu, Baungshelor Shendoo, Maring, Zyu or Zao/Zho, Tlosai, Khongzai, etc. They constitute a distinct tribal group lying in Saiha district of Mizoram. Some writers and historians included them as one of the Mizo tribes/clans. They called themselves "Maras"[1]

Contents

  • Demography 1
    • Sub-clans 1.1
  • Language 2
  • Government 3
  • Religion 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Demography

Sub-clans

The Mara has more than 5 languages, they are:

  1. Tlosaih Tlosaih is the Official Language of Mara. And it is Widely use in Maraland
  2. Hawthai
  3. Zyhno
  4. Chapi (in Burma people who speaks chapi call themselves ngiaphia)
  5. Vytu

These are all the list of Mara Language and sub-clans, not only India's Mara.

Language

The Mara language is a language related to Tibeto-Burman family. It is spoken by Mara people who live in a contiguous area in Mizoram state, India and Chin state, Myanmar. Mara is also closely related to other Mizo and Chin languages widely spoken in the area.

Government

Mara people in India have an autonomous body i.e. Mara Autonomous District Council, the local governing body for the region, it is centred at Saiha, main town of the Siaha District of Mizoram. The Maraland Democratic Front, the Mizo National Front and the Indian National Congress are the most active political parties on the council.

In Burma, Mara people do not have any self-government body. Though their land is purely inhabited by them, they are governed by three townships – Thlantlang township for people in the North, Matupi township for people in central part and Rakhine township for people in the southern part. Mara people are called Chin in Burma and Mizo in India as Mizo and Chin are of the same people.

Religion

All ethnic Mara people claim to be 100% Christian, mostly Evangelical. With the arrival of Rev. & Mrs. Reginald Arthur Lorrain in 1907 who had had earlier founded Lakher Pioneer Mission in London in the year 1905, within a decade Mara people have all accepted Christianity. Although the missionaries were of baptist origins, the newly found Church in Maraland was not affiliated with any outside Church or denominations, and was called Independent Church of Maraland. The current Evangelical Church has two branches, one in Maraland, India and the other in Burma; these branches were separated after the Partition of India.

Evangelical Church of Maraland (India), Congregational Church of India (Maraland)), and Mara Evangelical Church (Burma)) are the three dominant Churches, a direct fruit of the pioneer missionaries who are buried at Saikao town in Saiha district of Mizoram. Presbyterian, Baptist and Pentecostal also have a significant presence among the Mara people.

References

  1. ^ Dr K. Zohra, Ph.D, An introductory notes to Mara District of South Mizoram, India.

External links

  • Maraland.NET Information on Mara people
  • Samaw.com : Mara English portal
  • Chakhei.com : The first town portal in Maraland
  • maratechnology.com/marahistory.htm: Mara History
  • Maraland.NET : An article about how Lakher was changed to Mara
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.