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Mary Ball Washington

Mary Ball Washington
Portrait of Mary Ball Washington by Robert Edge Pine in 1786.
Born Mary Ball
(1708-11-30)November 30, 1708
Lively, Lancaster County, Colony of Virginia
Died August 26, 1789(1789-08-26) (aged 80)
Spotsylvania County, Colony of Virginia
Spouse(s) Augustine Washington
Children George Washington, 5 others
Closeup of the Mary Ball Washington House (1772-1789) in Fredericksburg, Virginia

Mary Ball Washington, born Mary Ball (November 30, 1708 – August 26, 1789), was the second wife of George Washington, the first President of the United States, and five other children.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Legacy and honors 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Life

Mary Ball was born in 1708 in Augustine Washington and they married on March 6, 1731 when she was 23 years old. It was her first marriage and his second. At age 37, Augustine had four children by his first wife, Jane Butler Washington; however, only two of them survived to adulthood.

Together, Mary and Augustine had the following children:

George Washington's Family Chart listing his ancestry, siblings, and brief biographies can be found on the Mount Vernon website.[2]

Augustine died in 1743. Unlike most widows in President of the United States in 1789.

Mrs. Washington was said to be openly opposed to her son's revolutionary politics and, according to French officers based in Virginia during the war, she was a Loyalist sympathizer.[3]

Mary Washington was by no means poor despite the fact that she petitioned the Government of Virginia claiming to be destitute.[4] Her son, George, purchased her a fine house in Fredericksburg, where she lived from 1772 until her death in 1789. In her will, Mary Washington left George the majority of her lands and appointed him as her executor.

Mary Washington frequently visited her daughter Betty and her husband Fielding Lewis at their Kenmore Plantation outside Fredericksburg. She had a favorite "meditation rock" that was close to the Lewis mansion. Tradition has it that this was her favorite retreat for reading and prayer. She asked Betty to bury her there after her death, and her daughter arranged that.

Legacy and honors

  • Several monuments have been erected to Mary Ball Washington in Fredericksburg, Virginia, where she lived from 1772 until her death in 1789.
  • The Mary Washington House in Fredericksburg has been preserved by Preservation Virginia (formerly known as the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities)who, in mid-2012, signed an agreement passing ownership to the "Washington Heritage Museums" beginning by 2015. The residence is open to the public and operated as a historic house museum. It contains a fine collection of antique furnishings, some with Washington family provenance.
  • Mary Ball Washington is buried on the grounds of Kenmore, the former home of her daughter and son-in-law Fielding and Betty Lewis. Kenmore is operated as a house museum and is open regularly for public tours.
  • A monument to Mary Ball Washington was erected in 1833 and dedicated by President Grover Cleveland in 1894 at her grave site. [1]
  • The University of Mary Washington, a public university in Fredericksburg, Virginia, was named for her.
  • The Mary Washington Hospital,[5] located in Fredericksburg, is named for her.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "George Washington Genealogy". Archives. Retrieved 23 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Archived May 24, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ George Washington: A Life by Willard Stearne Randall (1997). New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc. page 440. ISBN 0-8050-5992-X
  4. ^ George Washington: A Life by Willard Stearne Randall (1997). New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc. page 440. ISBN 0-8050-5992-X
  5. ^ http://www.medicorp.org/mwh/

External links

  • His "Revered Mother" at HistoryPoint.org
  • The Mary Washington House on the APVA Preservation Virginia website
  • Oh, Mother! -
  • The Life and Legacy of the "Grandmother of our Country"
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