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Maurice Bishop

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Title: Maurice Bishop  
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Subject: Eric Gairy, Invasion of Grenada, Hudson Austin, Tillman Thomas, People's Revolutionary Government (Grenada)
Collection: 1944 Births, 1983 Deaths, Alumni of King's College London, Alumni of the London School of Economics, Anti-Revisionists, Cold War Leaders, Communism in Grenada, Communist Rulers, Executed Prime Ministers, Grenadian Communists, Grenadian Marxists, Grenadian People Executed by Firing Squad, Grenadian People of African Descent, International Opponents of Apartheid in South Africa, Leaders Ousted by a Coup, Leaders Who Took Power by Coup, Members of the House of Representatives of Grenada, New Jewel Movement Politicians, People Executed by Grenada by Firing Squad, Prime Ministers of Grenada, Revolutionary Martyrs
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Maurice Bishop

The Right Honourable
Maurice Bishop
Bishop in Saxony, East Germany, on June 11, 1982
Prime Minister of Grenada
Under People's Revolutionary Government
In office
13 March 1979 – 16 October 1983
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon
Deputy Bernard Coard
Preceded by Sir Eric Gairy
Succeeded by Bernard Coard
Personal details
Born Maurice Rupert Bishop
(1943-05-21)21 May 1943
Aruba
Died 19 October 1983(1983-10-19) (aged 40)
Grenada
Nationality Grenadian
Political party New Jewel Movement
Spouse(s) Angela Bishop (1966–1981)
Domestic partner Jacqueline Creft
Children Nadia (born 1969)
John (born 1967)
Alma mater London School of Economics
King's College London

Maurice Rupert Bishop (21 May 1943 – 19 October 1983)[1] was a Grenadian politician and revolutionary who seized power in a coup in 1979 from Eric Gairy and served as Prime Minister of the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada until 1983, when he was overthrown in another coup by Bernard Coard, a member of his own government, and executed.

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Early life 1.1
    • Premiership 1.2
    • Arrest and execution 1.3
  • Family 2
  • Legacy 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Biography

Early life

Bishop was born in

Political offices
Preceded by
Eric Gairy
Prime Minister of the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada
13 March 1979 –16 October 1983
Succeeded by
Bernard Coard
  • The Grenada Revolution Online
  • Bishop's biography on The Grenada Revolution Online
  • The Lost Bishop Photos

External links

  1. ^ a b c d "Biography: Maurice Bishop". Grenada Government. 2009-09-23. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 
  2. ^ a b .Gale Encyclopedia of Biography"Maurice Bishop",
  3. ^ .Gale Contemporary Black Biography"Maurice Bishop",
  4. ^ "Maurice Bishop Speech to the 34th General Assembly of the United Nations, New York". Quoted on Assata Shakur website.
  5. ^ Adkin, Mark. Urgent Fury, p. 9, 1989, ISBN 0-669-20717-9
  6. ^ "Jacqueline Creft (1947-1983)", The Grenada Revolution Online.
  7. ^ The Grenada Revolution Online – Maurice Bishop biography.
  8. ^ Stephen Millies, "Welcome to Maurice Bishop International Airport", Workers World, 14 June 2009.
  9. ^ "What About the Airport?" The Grenada Revolution Online.
  10. ^ "Grenada names airport in honour of fomer PM Maurice Bishop", Jamaica Gleaner, 31 May 2009.
  11. ^ "Welcome to Maurice Bishop International Airport", Grenada Herald, 31 May 2009.

References

See also

On 29 May 2009, Grenada's international airport (formerly Point Salines International Airport) was renamed Maurice Bishop International Airport.[8][9][10] Speaking at the ceremony, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prime Minister Dr Ralph Gonsalves said: "...this belated honour to an outstanding Caribbean son will bring closure to a chapter of denial in Grenada’s history."[11]

Legacy

Maurice Bishop married nurse Angela Redhead in 1966. They had two children, Nadia (b. 1969) and John (b. 1971). Angela emigrated to Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with both children in 1981, while Bishop was still prime minister. He also fathered a son, Vladimir Lenin (1978–94), with his longtime partner Jacqueline Creft (1947–83), who was Grenada's Minister of Education.[6] Creft was killed alongside Bishop at the confrontation at Fort Rupert on 19 October 1983. After his parents' deaths, Vladimir joined his half-siblings in Canada, but was stabbed to death in a Toronto nightclub at the age of 16.[7]

Family

In 1983 disputes at the top level of the party leadership occurred. A group within the party attempted to get Bishop to either step down or agree to a power-sharing agreement with Deputy Prime Minister firing squad.

Arrest and execution

The People's Revolutionary Army (PRA) was also formed during Bishop's administration. Critics accused the army as being a waste of money and resources, and there were many complaints that the PRA was used as a tool to commit human rights abuses, such as torture and detention of political dissidents without trial.[5] PRA recruits were required to take an oath of loyalty to the NJM party and the natural superiority of Marxist socialism as a basis for government.

[2] Among Bishop's core principles were workers' rights, women's rights, and the struggle against racism and

Bishop began to build a close relationship with Cuba after he took power. He initiated a number of projects, most significantly, the building of a new international airport on the island's southern tip (that in May 2009 was renamed in his memory). Financing and labour for the construction of the airport came from Cuba, although most of the airport’s infrastructure was designed by European and North American consultants. American President Ronald Reagan accused Grenada of intending to use the new airport’s long “airstrip” as a waypoint for Soviet military aircraft.

In 1979 Bishop's party staged a revolution and deposed Gairy, who was out of the country addressing the United Nations at the time. Bishop subsequently suspended the constitution and declared himself Prime Minister of Grenada. All political parties except for the NJM were banned, and no elections were held during Bishop's rule. Without a constitution in place, the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) simply issued laws by decree. The country was governed in theory by a cabinet of ministers with Bishop as Prime Minister, but in reality power in the country was exercised by the central committee of the party.

Premiership

Returning to Grenada, he became active in politics. In 1973, he became head of the Marxist New Jewel Movement (NJM) political party. He was elected to parliament, and for several years he held the position of leader of the opposition in the Grenadian House of Representatives, opposing the government of Prime Minister Eric Gairy and his Grenada United Labour Party (GULP).

. West Indians in England he practiced law in the UK for two years, co-founding a legal aid clinic and developing his interest in campaigns against racial discrimination, especially against [3] but left this prior to being called to the bar in 1969,King's College London He began post-graduate studies at [2][1].University of London, London School of Economics and earned his law degree from the Gray's Inn In high school, he won the Principal's Gold Medal for outstanding academic and general all-round ability. Leaving school in 1963, Bishop worked briefly as a civil servant at the Government Registry, before going to London to study law. He attended [1]

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