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Mawla

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Mawla

Mawla (مولی, mawlā) is an Arabic word which appears in the Quran and several hadith.

Contents

  • Definition 1
  • Use 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Definition

Morphologically, mawla is composed from the morpheme indicating a locative (a "noun of place", ism al-makān) derived from the root waliyah (وَلِيَ) or al-wilāyah (الوِلایة), classically translated as "to be proximal" to both parties in a hierarchical relationship[1] or "to intercede". The word thus literally means "place of intercession".

Historically, the word has been used to mean master, protector, or supporter and is used as a synonym of wali, wilayah, and awliya. It can also mean a guardian, emancipated slave, friend, or loved one.

Use

The meaning of the word is critical to the Hadith of the Pond of Khumm, taken by Shia to refer to Ali's succession to Muhammad and by Sunni to simply refer to friendship.

Translations of Surah 47:11:[2]

  • Transliterated: Dhalika bi-anna Allaha mawla allatheena amanoo waanna alkafireena la mawla lahum
  • Pickthall:That is because Allah is patron of those who believe, and because the disbelievers have no patron.
  • Yusuf Ali:That is because God is the Protector of those who believe, but those who reject God have no protector.
  • Shakir:That is because Allah is the Protector of those who believe, and because the unbelievers shall have no protector for them.
  • Sher Ali:That is because ALLAH is the Protector of those who believe, and the disbelievers have no protector.
  • Khalifa:This is because GOD is the Lord of those who believe, while the disbelievers have no lord.
  • Arberry:That is because God is the Protector of the believers, and that the unbelievers have no protector.
  • Palmer:That is because God is the patron of those who believe, and because the misbelievers have no patron.
  • Rodwell:This - because God is the protector of those who believe, and because the infidels have no protector.
  • Sale:This [shall come to pass], for that God is the patron of the true believers, and for that the infidels have no protector.

See also

References

  1. ^ Wehr, Hans. (1979) A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic: (Arabic-English)/ Hans Wehr. Ed. by J Milton Cowan. -4. ed., Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz
  2. ^ Quran Browser Search Results: 47:11

External links

  • "Mawla" in Oxford Islamic Studies Online
  • [1]
  • www.usc.edu - Sunni Islamic Server of MSA-USC
  • Alavi Bohras - The Walaayat and Love for Maulaa 'Ali
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