World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Member of the Scottish Parliament

Article Id: WHEBN0000263678
Reproduction Date:

Title: Member of the Scottish Parliament  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alex Salmond, Nicola Sturgeon, Elaine Murray, Richard Simpson (politician), David McLetchie
Collection: Members of the Scottish Parliament, Scottish Parliament
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Member of the Scottish Parliament

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Scotland

Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) (Ball Pàrlamaid na h-Alba (BPA) in Gaelic, Memmer o the Scots Pairliament (MSP) in Scots) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament.

Contents

  • Electoral system 1
  • Types of candidates 2
  • Elections 3
  • Title 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Electoral system

The additional member system produces a form of proportional representation, where each constituency has its own representative, and each region has seats given to political parties to reflects as closely as possible its level of support among voters.[1] Each registered voter is asked to cast 2 votes, resulting in MSPs being elected in one of two ways:

Types of candidates

With the additional members system, there are 3 ways in which a person can stand to be a MSP:[3]

  • a constituency candidate
  • a candidate named on a party list at the regional election
  • an individual candidate at the regional election

A candidate may stand both in a constituency and on a regional list. Constituency seats are decided first. Candidates who succeed in being elected to a constituency seat will then have their name removed from the regional list process.[4]

Elections

All MSP positions become simultaneously vacant for elections held on a four-year cycle. The Scotland Act 1998 sets out that ordinary general elections for the Scottish Parliament are held on the first Thursday in May, every four years.[5]

If a vacancy arises at another time, due to death or resignation, then it may be filled in one of two ways, depending of whether the vacancy is for a first-past-the-post constituency MSP or for an additional-member MSP.

A constituency vacancy may be filled by a by-election. An additional-member vacancy may be filled by the next available candidate on the relevant party list. In the event that there is no next available person the vacancy will then remain. This situation occurred in April 2014 following the death of Margo MacDonald, independent MSP for the Lothian region.

Title

An MSP is known as Name MSP (Name BPA in Gaelic). For instance, Adam Ingram can be entitled either Adam Ingram MSP or Adhamh Ingram BPA.

See also

References

  1. ^ "About: Information resources: FAQs".  
  2. ^ "How the Scottish Parliament works" (PDF).  
  3. ^ "Standing for Scottish Parliamentary election" (PDF).  
  4. ^ "Scottish Parliament Fact sheet: Scottish Parliament Electoral System" (PDF).  
  5. ^ "Scottish Parliament Fact Sheet: Dates of Recess, Dissolution and Parliamentary Years" (PDF). Scottish Parliament. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.