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Micchami Dukkadam

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Micchami Dukkadam

Michchhāmi Dukkaḍaṃ is an ancient [4]

As a matter of ritual, Jains greet their friends and relatives with Michchhāmi Dukkaḍaṃ, seeking their forgiveness. Forgiveness is requested by saying "Michchhami Dukkadam" to each other. It means "If I have caused you offence in any way, knowingly or unknowingly, in thought, word or deed, then I seek your forgiveness".[5] No private quarrel or dispute may be carried beyond Samvatsari, and traditionally, letters have been sent and telephone calls made to friends and relatives asking their forgiveness.[6]

Michchhami Dukkadam Prayer

Khamemi Savve Jiva I forgive all living beings.
Savve Jiva Khamantu me May all souls forgive me,
Mitti me Savva Bhooesu I am on friendly terms with all,
Veram Majjham Na Kenvi I have no animosity toward any soul.
Michchhami Dukkadam May all my faults be dissolved.

Etymology

The phrase Michchhāmi Dukkaḍaṃ is also found in the Airyapathiki Sutra.[3] It literally means — may all the evil that has been done be fruitless, and comes from the Prakrit language, a vernacular Indo-Aryan language, closely linked with Pali and used abundantly in the Prakrit canon of Jainism.[1] The Sanskrit version of the phrase is mithya me dushkritaam meaning "may the evil of it be in vain".[3] or simply put "May my misdeeds be undone."

Overview

After the [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Chapple. C.K. (2006) Jainism and Ecology: Nonviolence in the Web of Life Delhi:Motilal Banarasidas Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-2045-6 p.46
  2. ^ "Jains pray for peace, brotherhood".  
  3. ^ a b c d R. Williams (1991). Jaina yoga: a survey of the mediaeval śrāvakācāras. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. p. 205.  
  4. ^ M.R.P. Vijaya; K.C. Jani (1951). Śramana Bhagavān Mahāvira: pt. 1. Sthavirāvali. Śri Jaina Siddhanta Society. p. 120. 
  5. ^ a b Preeti Srivastav (2008-08-31). "Request for Forgiveness".  
  6. ^ Hastings, James (2003), Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Part 10, Kessinger Publishing ISBN 978-0-7661-3682-3 p.876
  7. ^ Natubhai Shah (1998). Jainism: the world of conquerors, (Vol. 1). Sussex Academic Press. p. 212.  
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