World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ministry of Defence (Iraq)

Article Id: WHEBN0017209732
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ministry of Defence (Iraq)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Iraqi security forces, Dale Stoffel, Iraqi insurgency (2011–14), Adnan Khairallah, Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tai
Collection: 2004 Establishments in Iraq, Defence Ministries, Government Ministries of Iraq, Military of Iraq
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ministry of Defence (Iraq)

Republic of Iraq
Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Defence insignia
Department overview
Formed February 22, 2004 (As modern department)
Jurisdiction Iraq
Headquarters Baghdad
Minister responsible

The Ministry of Defence (Arabic: وزارة الدفاع العراقية‎) is the Iraq government agency responsible for Defence of Iraq. It is also involved with internal security.

Contents

  • Authority 1
  • History 2
  • Minister of Defense 3
  • List of Ministers of Defense 4
    • Ministers of Defense 1921 - 1958 4.1
    • Ministers of Defense 1958 - 1968 4.2
    • Ministers of Defense 1968 - 2003 4.3
    • Ministers of Defense 2003 - present 4.4
  • Notes 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Authority

The Ministry directs all the Iraqi Armed Forces, comprising a Joint Headquarters, the Iraqi Ground Forces Command (which controls the Army), the Iraqi Special Operations Forces, the Iraqi Army, the Iraqi Navy (including Marines), and the Iraqi Air Force.[1]

History

The Ministry was dissolved by Coalition Provisional Authority Order Number 2 of mid-2003. It was formally re-established by CPA Order 61 of February 22, 2004. In the interim period, the CPA Office of Security Affairs served as the de facto Ministry of Defence.[2]

The Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau directs the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command, which is a further military force answerable to the Prime Minister of Iraq directly. As of 30 June 2009, there had been legislation in progress for a year to make the Iraqi CTB a separate ministry.[3]

Minister of Defense

The position of Minister of Defense was left vacant in the previous Iraqi cabinet, approved on 21 December 2010. While it is vacant, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki served as the acting defense minister. Saadoun al-Dulaimi later served as Minister of Defense from 2011 to 2014. Khaled al-Obaidi currently serves as defense minister in the Iraqi cabinet of Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi.

The previous Minister of Defense, Lieutenant General Mehdi Army members which dominate his own party. In addition, as a Sunni he faced inherent challenges working within a Shiite-dominated government.

On September 19, 2005, The Independent reported that approximately one billion US dollars have been stolen by top ranking officials from the Ministry of Defense including Hazim al-Shaalan and Ziyad Cattan.[4]

Previous defence ministers under Saddam Hussein's regime included Ali Hassan al-Majid ('Chemical Ali'). Iraq's very first minister of defence was Jafar al-Askari (1920-1922).

List of Ministers of Defense

Ministers of Defense 1921 - 1958

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Jafar al-Askari 23 October 1920 16 November 1922 Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Nuri as-Said 20 November 1922 2 August 1924
Yasin al-Hashimi 2 August 1924 2 June 1925
Nuri as-Said 26 June 1925 8 January 1928
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun 14 January 1928 20 January 1929
Muhammad Amin Zaki 28 April 1929 25 August 1929
Nuri al-Sa’id 19 September 1929 19 March 1930
Ja’far al-‘Askari 23 March 1930 27 October 1932
Rashid al-Khawja 3 November 1932 18 March 1933
Jalal Baban 20 March 1933 28 October 1933

Ministers of Defense 1958 - 1968

Name Portrait Term of office Political party President
Abd al-Karim Qasim 14 July 1958 8 February 1963 Independent Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i
Salah Mahdi Ammash 8 February 1963 10 November 1963 Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Abdul Salam Arif
Hardan al-Tikriti 10 November 1963 2 March 1964
Tahir Yahya 2 March 1964 3 September 1965 Arab Socialist Union
Arif Abd ar-Razzaq 6 September 1965 16 September 1965 Arab Socialist Union
Abd al-'Aziz al-'Uqaili 21 September 1965 18 April 1966
Shakir Mahmud Shukri 18 April 1966 17 July 1968 Abdul Rahman Arif

Ministers of Defense 1968 - 2003

Name Portrait Term of office Political party President
Ibrahim Abdel Rahman Dawoud 17 July 1968 30 July 1968 Independent Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Hardan al-Tikriti 30 July 1968 April 1970 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Hammad Shihab April 1970 30 June 1973 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Abdullah al-Khadduri (acting) 30 June 1973 11 November 1974 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr 11 November 1974 15 October 1977 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Adnan Khairallah 15 October 1977 4 May 1989 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Saddam Hussein
Abdel Jabbar Khalil Shanshal 4 May 1989 1990 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Saadi Tuma Abbas 1990 1991 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Ali Hassan al-Majid 1991 1995 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Tai 1995 2003 Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)

Ministers of Defense 2003 - present

Name Portrait Term of office Political party Prime Minister
Ali Allawi April 2004 June 2004 Independent Ayad Allawi
Hazim al-Shaalan June 2004 1 June 2005 Iraqi National Congress
Saadoun al-Dulaimi 1 June 2005 6 March 2006 Independent Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Qadir Obeidi 6 March 2006 21 December 2010 Independent Nouri al-Maliki
Nouri al-Maliki 21 December 2010 17 August 2011 State of Law Coalition
Saadoun al-Dulaimi 17 August 2011 October 2014 Unity Alliance of Iraq
Khaled al-Obaidi October 2014 Unity Alliance of Iraq Haider al-Abadi

Notes

  1. ^ United States Department of Defense, Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq, Report to Congress, June 2007, p.37
  2. ^
  3. ^ Montrose Toast, Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau, 30 June 2009
  4. ^

Further reading

  • RAND, 'Developing Iraq's Security Sector: The Coalition Provisional Authority's Experience,' 2005, p. 27-32

External links

  • Ministry of Defense
  • Ministry of Defense (Arabic)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.