World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mogok

Article Id: WHEBN0002116498
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mogok  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mogok Township, Lahpet, Burmese Gurkha, Gwebin, Shwenyaungbin
Collection: Mogok Township, Populated Places in Pyin Oo Lwin District, Township Capitals of Myanmar
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mogok

Mogok
မိုးကုတ်
Mogoke[1]
Mogok is located in Burma
Mogok
Mogok
Location of Mandalay, Burma
Coordinates:
Country  Burma
Region Mandalay Region
District Pyin Oo Lwin
Township Mogok
Population (2005)
 • Total 150,000
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)
Large Ruby (corundum) crystal from Mogok. Size: 5.5 x 3.2 x 3 cm.

Mogok (Burmese: မိုးကုတ္, pronounced: ; Shan: မိူင်းၵုတ်ႈ) is a city in the Pyin Oo Lwin District of the Mandalay Region of Burma (Myanmar), located 200 km north of Mandalay and 148 km northeast of Shwebo.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Repute for gemstones 2
  • Notes 3
  • External links 4

Geography

At 1170 meters in elevation, the city has a fairly temperate climate year-round, and is home to mostly Bamar, with large minorities of Shan, Lisu, Palaung, and Karen ethnic groups, as well as Chinese, Indians and Gurkhas. The city is composed of two towns, Mogok and Kyat Pyin. Mogok is four miles long and two miles wide. It is situated in a valley surrounded by a large number of mountains. Kyat Pyin lies about 12 miles from Mogok.

Repute for gemstones

Mogok and other villages nearby have been famous since ancient times for its gemstones, especially ruby and sapphire, but semi-precious stones such as lapis lazuli, garnet, moonstone, peridot and chrysoberyl are also found. The gems are found in alluvial marble gravels by means of panning, tunneling and digging pits by hand. There is little mechanization of the mining. The gravels derive from the metamorphosed limestones (marbles) of the Mogok metamorphic belt.[2][3]

Gems are sold in markets in Mogok; however, foreigners require special permits to visit the town, and purchase/export of gems from Myanmar at non-government licensed dealers is illegal.

90% of the world's rubies come from Myanmar. The red stones from there are prized for their purity and hue. Thailand buys the majority of Myanmar's gems. The "Valley of Rubies", the mountainous Mogok area, 200 km (120 mi) north of Mandalay, is noted as the original source of ruby including the world's finest "pigeon's blood" rubies as well as the most world's most beautiful sapphires in "royal" blue.

Notes

  1. ^ "Pyin Oo Lwin / Mogoke Map" Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
  2. ^ Searle, D. L.; Ba Than Haq (1964) "The Mogok belt of Burma and its relationship to the Himalayan orogeny" Proceedings of the 22nd International Geological Conference, Delhi 11: pp. 132–161
  3. ^ Iyer, Lakshinarayanpuran Anantkrishna Narayana (1953) The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma Geological Survey of India Memoir 82, Government of India Press, Calcutta, OCLC 6526679 ; reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus, Bangkok, ISBN 978-974-480-123-4

External links

  • The Burma Ruby Mines, Ltd.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.