World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Moquette

Article Id: WHEBN0003697458
Reproduction Date:

Title: Moquette  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mockado, List of fabric names, Composition leather, Enid Marx, Hanshin 5700 series
Collection: Woven Fabrics
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Moquette

A Transport for London moquette seat covering in the 2011 Barman design, named after Christian Barman who commissioned the first moquettes for the London Underground in 1936.

Moquette derived from the French word for carpet - is a type of woven pile fabric in which cut or uncut threads form a short dense cut or loop pile. As well as giving it a distinctive velvet like feel, the pile construction is particularly durable, and ideally suited to applications such as public transport. Its upright fibres form a flexible, non-rigid surface, which are constantly displaced to give durability and anti-stain benefits.[1] Traditional moquette fabrics are made from a wool nylon face with an interwoven cotton backing.

Contents

  • Origin 1
  • Examples 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Origin

Moquette originated in France, where it was woven by hand. The standard width was a Flemish ell of 27 inches. There were two finishes: moquette velouté, which had a cut pile like English Wilton, and moquette bouclé, which had an uncut pile like Brussels carpet.[2] It is still woven in Yorkshire using traditional techniques. A long-standing moquette manufacturer is Holdsworth Fabrics which dates back to 1822.[3]

Examples

The most famous moquette in the Mount Vernon, where it can be seen today.[2]

Moquette is famous for being used on London Transport's vehicles, particularly the seats of London Underground's Tube trains. During the decades of the many railway companies, there were some ten moquette manufacturers in the UK. As a result of the nationalisation of the railways after WWII and then the Beeching cuts of the early 1960s, the number of customers plummeted. By the mid 1960s there were two suppliers, one of which was Courtaulds. The other is Holdsworth Fabrics based in Huddersfield, UK.

Moquette is occasionally used in clothing. In 1932-33, the United States Army Air Corps contracted for cold-weather leather flight suits lined with moquette, apparently as an economy substitute for sheepskin.

See also

References

  1. ^ W. A. Gibson-Martin (1932). Ship-furnishing and Decoration. p. 71. 
  2. ^ a b Mildred Jackson O'Brien (2005). The Rug and Carpet Book. p. 54.  
  3. ^ "Holdsworth Official Website". 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.