World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Moscow Conference (1943)

The Third Moscow Conference between the major Allies of World War II took place from October 18 to November 11, 1943, at the Moscow Kremlin and Spiridonovka Palace.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Objectives of the Conference 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6

History

A series of 12 meetings of between the foreign ministers of the European Advisory Commission.[1]

Among those who also attended for the United States were Ambassador of the United States W. Averell Harriman, Major General John R. Deane of the United States Army, Green H. Hackworth, and James C. Dunn; for the United Kingdom, His Majesty's Ambassador Sir Archibald Clerk Kerr, William Strang, and Lt. General Sir Hastings Ismay; for the Soviet Union, the Marshal of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin, K. E. Voroshilov, A. Y. Vyshinski, Deputy People's Commissars for Foreign Affairs M. M. Litvinov, Deputy People's Commissar for Foreign Trade V. A. Sergeyev, Major-General A. A. Gryslov of the General Staff, and Senior Official of the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs G. F. Saksin.[2]

Objectives of the Conference

The Third Moscow Conference was one of the first times in which foreign ministers of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union could meet and discuss important global matters. Here, they discussed what measures needed to be taken in order to shorten and end the war with Germany and the Axis Powers, as well as how to effectively collaborate and cooperate peacefully through this period marking the end of the war. The Moscow Declaration, officially issued by the foreign ministers of United States President Franklin Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, defined how these issues would be dealt with. It included four sections, Declaration of Four Nations on General Security, Declaration Regarding Italy, Declaration on Austria, and Declaration of German Atrocities.

Also during the Moscow Conference, agreements were made to establish a European Advisory Commission to make recommendations for the three joint governments and an Advisory Council regarding Italy - along with Greece and Yugoslavia - which ultimately decided in favor of restoring democracy in Italy. Restoration of independence in Austria was also declared during the Moscow Conference of 1943.[2]

See also


Notes

  1. ^ a b Pubantz & Moore Jr. 2008, Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers.
  2. ^ a b Conference delegates 1944, pp. 3-8.

References

  • Pubantz, Jerry; Moore Jr., John Allphin (2008), "Moscow Conference of Foreign Ministers", Encyclopedia of the United Nations, Modern World History (Second ed.) (New York: Facts On File), retrieved 29 January 2010 (subscription required)
  • Conference delegates (January 1944), "Great Britain—Soviet Union—United States: Tripartite Conference in Moscow", The American Journal of International Law (American Society of International Law) 38 (1): 3–8,  

Further reading

  • Reston, James B (7 November 1943), "London Hopes For a Peace Based on realities", New York Times, ProQuest Historical Newspapers 
  • "Texts of Three-Power Conference Documents", New York Times, ProQuest Historical Newspapers, 2 November 1943 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.