World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Moscow Ring Road

Article Id: WHEBN0002578370
Reproduction Date:

Title: Moscow Ring Road  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: M8 highway (Russia), Cheng Fangwu, Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line, Moscow Metro, Moscow
Collection: Geography of Moscow, Ring Roads in Moscow, Transport in Moscow
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Moscow Ring Road

Moscow Ring Road (MKAD)
Московская Кольцевая Автомобильная Дорога
MKAD on Moscow map[1]
Route information
Length: 108.9 km (67.7 mi)
Existed: 1961 – present
Location
Major cities: Moscow
Highway system
Russian Federal Highways

The Moscow Automobile Ring Road (Russian: Московская Кольцевая Автомобильная Дорога, Moskovskaya Koltsevaya Avtomobilnaya Doroga), or MKAD (МКАД), is a ring road encircling the parts of the City of Moscow, the capital of Russia. The length of the road is 108.9 km, and the number of exits is 35 (including 10 interchanges).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Route 2
  • Gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes and references 5
  • External links 6

History

Yaroslavka interchange

The growth of traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realise Russia's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running 108.9 kilometres along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph).

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980s Moscow started annexing territory outside the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD.[2]

In 1995-1999 the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001 all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office.

Route

Gallery

MKAD interchange with M2 
MKAD near Strogino District 
MKAD interchange with Profsoyuznaya street 

See also

Ring roads in Moscow:

Comparison to other ring roads encircling big cities:

Notes and references

  1. ^ Map not including the new boroughs (2012) of Novomoskovsky and Troitsky
  2. ^ "Bul’var Dmitriya Donskogo". Moscow Metro official site. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 

External links

  • The MKAD on Google Maps.
  • A view of the MKAD from a pedestrian bridge.
  • A view of the MKAD from a helicopter.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.