World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Motion (parliamentary procedure)

Article Id: WHEBN0016207069
Reproduction Date:

Title: Motion (parliamentary procedure)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Discharge a committee, Request to be excused from a duty, Table (parliamentary procedure), Postpone to a certain time, Commit (motion)
Collection: Motions (Parliamentary Procedure)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Motion (parliamentary procedure)

In parliamentary procedure, a motion is a formal proposal by a member of a deliberative assembly that the assembly take certain action.[1] In a parliament, this is also called a parliamentary motion and includes legislative motions, budgetary motions, supplementary budgetary motions, and petitionary motions. These can bring new business before the assembly or consist of numerous other proposals to take procedural steps or carry out other actions relating either to a pending motion or the body itself.


  • Classification of motions 1
  • Proposing motions 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Classification of motions

Robert's Rules of Order divide motions into five classes:[2]

  1. Main motions, those that bring business before the assembly when no other motion is pending.
  2. Subsidiary motions, which affect the main motion being considered.
  3. Incidental motions, which affect rules and procedures that are not specifically tied to a particular main motion.
  4. Privileged motions, which are urgent matters that must be dealt with immediately, even if they interrupt pending business.
  5. Motions that bring a matter again before the assembly.

Classes 2, 3 and 4 are collectively referred to as "secondary motions".[1]

The Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure treats the fifth class as a type of main motion, under the title "Restorative Main Motions".[3]

Proposing motions

A motion is proposed by a member of the body, for the consideration of the body as a whole. With the exception of certain incidental and privileged motions, the person making the motion, known as the mover, must first be recognized by the chairman as being entitled to speak; this is known as obtaining the floor.[4]

Once the mover has obtained the floor, the mover states the motion, normally prefixed with the phrase "I move." For instance, at a meeting of the board of directors of a corporation, a director may state "I move that the corporation delay the launch of the new product from April to July." If the motion was in writing, the mover would say "I move the resolution at the desk" or "I move the following resolution" and would then read it. Generally, once the motion has been proposed, consideration by the assembly occurs only if another member of the body immediately seconds the motion.

See also


  1. ^ a b Robert, Henry M. (2000). Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, 10th ed., p. 26
  2. ^ RONR, p. 56
  3. ^ Sturgis, Alice (2001). The Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure, 4th ed., p. 36
  4. ^ RONR, p. 32
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.