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Muhammad Bal'ami

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Title: Muhammad Bal'ami  
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Subject: Abd al-Malik I (Samanid emir), Shihab al-Din Muhammad al-Nasawi, Nizam al-Din Nishapuri, Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani, Al-Bayhaqi
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Muhammad Bal'ami

Abu Ali Muhammad Bal'ami (Persian: ابو علی محمد‎‎), also called Amirak Bal'ami (امیرک بلعمی) and Bal'ami-i Kuchak (بلعمی کوچک, "Bal'ami the Younger"), was a Persian historian, writer, and vizier to the Samanids.

Biography

He was born in Lashjerd in the district of Marv, then part of the Samanid Empire. He was the son of Abu'l-Fadl al-Bal'ami (also called Bal'am-i Buzurg; “Bal'ami the Elder”).[1] Muhammad was appointed vizier during the late reign of Abd al-Malik I (r. 954-961) and he kept holding the office under Abd al-Malik's successor Mansur I (r. 961-976). According to Gardizi, Muhammad died in March 974 while serving in office, but according to the Persian historian al-Utbi, he was later removed the vizierate office, but was reappointed as the vizier of Nuh II (r. 976-997), but later retired in 992, and later died at an unknown between his retirement to 997.

Work

Muhammad's most famous work is Tarikh-e Bal'ami, which is a translation of Tabari's History of the Prophets and Kings. It contains supplementary material, some of which is

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