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Mujaddid

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Title: Mujaddid  
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Subject: Ahmadiyya, Al-Ghazali, Al-Hakim Nishapuri, Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni, Claims of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
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Mujaddid

A mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد‎), is an Islamic term for one who brings "renewal" (تجديد tajdid) to the religion.[1][2] According to the popular Muslim tradition, it refers to a person who appears at the turn of every century of the Islamic calendar to revive Islam, cleansing it of extraneous elements and restoring it to its pristine purity.

The concept is based not on the Quran but on a famous hadith (Prophetic tradition) recorded by Abu Dawood: Abu Hurairah narrated that the Islamic prophet Muhammad said:

Mujaddid tend to come from the most prominent Islamic scholars of the time, although they are sometimes pious rulers.[2]

Contents

  • List of claimants and potential Mujaddids 1
    • First Century (after the prophetic period) (August 3, 718) 1.1
    • Second Century (August 10, 815) 1.2
    • Third Century (August 17, 912) 1.3
    • Fourth Century (August 24, 1009) 1.4
    • Fifth Century (September 1, 1106) 1.5
    • Sixth Century (September 9, 1203) 1.6
    • Seventh Century (September 5, 1300) 1.7
    • Eighth Century (September 23, 1397) 1.8
    • Ninth Century (October 1, 1494) 1.9
    • Tenth Century (October 19, 1591) 1.10
    • Eleventh Century (October 26, 1688) 1.11
    • Twelfth Century (November 4, 1785) 1.12
    • Thirteenth Century (November 14, 1882) 1.13
    • Fourteenth Century (November 21, 1979) 1.14
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4

List of claimants and potential Mujaddids

While there is no formal mechanism for designating a mujaddid, there is often a popular consensus. The Shia and the Naqshbandi order have their own list of mujaddids.[2]

First Century (after the prophetic period) (August 3, 718)

Second Century (August 10, 815)

Third Century (August 17, 912)

Fourth Century (August 24, 1009)

Fifth Century (September 1, 1106)

Sixth Century (September 9, 1203)

Seventh Century (September 5, 1300)

Eighth Century (September 23, 1397)

Ninth Century (October 1, 1494)

Tenth Century (October 19, 1591)

Eleventh Century (October 26, 1688)

Twelfth Century (November 4, 1785)

Thirteenth Century (November 14, 1882)

Fourteenth Century (November 21, 1979)

References

  1. ^ Faruqi, Burhan Ahmad. The Mujaddid's Conception of Tawhid. p. 7. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Meri, Josef W. (ed.). Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Psychology Press. p. 678. 
  3. ^ Sunan Abu Dawood, 37:4278
  4. ^ a b c "Mujaddid Ulema". Living Islam. 
  5. ^ a b c d Josef W. Meri, Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, (Routledge 1 Dec 2005), p 678. ISBN 0415966906.
  6. ^ a b c Waliullah, Shah.  
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nieuwenhuijze, C.A.O.van (1997). Paradise Lost: Reflections on the Struggle for Authenticity in the Middle East. p. 24.  
  8. ^ a b Josef W. Meri, Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, (Routledge 1 Dec 2005), p 678. ISBN 0415966906
  9. ^ "Imam Ghazali: The Sun of the Fifth Century Hujjat al-Islam". The Pen. February 1, 2011. 
  10. ^ Jane I. Smith, Islam in America, p 36. ISBN 0231519990
  11. ^ Dhahabi, Siyar, 4.566
  12. ^ Willard Gurdon Oxtoby, Oxford University Press, 1996, p 421
  13. ^ "al-Razi, Fakhr al-Din (1149-1209)". Muslim Philosophy. 
  14. ^ "Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani". Hanafi.co.uk. 
  15. ^ a b Azra, Azyumardi (2004). The Origins of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia part of the ASAA Southeast Asia Publications Series.  
  16. ^ Glasse, Cyril (1997).  
  17. ^ "A Short Biographical Sketch of Mawlana al-Haddad". Iqra Islamic Publications. 
  18. ^ Kunju, Saifudheen (2012). "Shah Waliullah al-Dehlawi: Thoughts and Contributions". p. 1. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  19. ^ "Gyarwee Sharif". al-mukhtar books. 
  20. ^ O. Hunwick, John (1995). in Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical SourcesAfrican And Islamic Revival . p. 6. 
  21. ^ a b Rippin, Andrew. Muslims: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. p. 282. 
  22. ^ "Services As A Mujadid". Alahazrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan. 
  23. ^ "The Promised Messiah". Al Islam. 

Further reading

  • Alvi, Sajida S. "The Mujaddid and Tajdīd Traditions in the Indian Subcontinent: An Historical Overview" ("Hindistan’da Mucaddid ve Tacdîd geleneği: Tarihî bir bakış"). Journal of Turkish Studies 18 (1994): 1–15.
  • Friedmann, Yohanan. "Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi: An Outline of His Thought and a Study of His Image in the Eyes of Posterity". Oxford India Paperbacks

External links

  • Islami Mehfil, Concept Of Revivalist (Mujaddid) In Islam
  • Shah Waliyu Llah about the Mujaddids (French)
  • Al Hafiz Adh Dhahabi about the Mujaddids (French)
  • Brief Introduction to the Concept of Mujaddidiyyat in Islam (Urdu)
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