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Murad V

Murad V
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Reign 30 May 1876 – 31 August 1876
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdülhamid II
Born (1840-09-21)21 September 1840
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Burial 30 August 1904
Constantinople
Consorts Eleru Kadınefendi
Reftarıdil Kadınefendi
Şayan Kadınefendi
Meyliservet Kadınefendi
Resan Hanımefendi
Cevherriz Hanımefendi
Nevdür Hanımefendi
Remişnaz Hanımefendi
Filizten Hanımefendi
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin Efendi
Şehzade Suleiman Efendi
Hatice Sultan
Şehzade Seyfeddin Efendi
Fehime Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Aliye Sultan
Royal house House of Osman
Father Abdülmecid I
Mother Şevkefza Sultan
Religion Islam
Tughra

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس‎) (21 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at Ortaköy, Çırağan Palace, 17 September 1889), an ethnic Mingrelian, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.[2] He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople.

Contents

  • Reign 1
  • Personal life 2
  • Marriages and children 3
    • First marriage 3.1
    • Second marriage and issue 3.2
    • Third marriage and issue 3.3
    • Fourth marriage and issue 3.4
    • Fifth marriage and issue 3.5
    • Sixth marriage 3.6
    • Seventh marriage 3.7
    • Eighth marriage 3.8
    • Ninth marriage 3.9
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Reign

Murad V.

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill; however his opponents may simply have used those grounds to stop his implementation of democratic reforms.[3] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.

Personal life

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.[4][5]

Marriages and children

Murad married nine times and had seven children. His marriages were:

First marriage

He married firstly at Eleru Mevhibe Kadınefendi (Tbilisi, 6 August 1835 – Chichli, 21 February 1936), daughter of Ahmed Bey Tarkanişvili,[6] and had:

  • HIH Prince Şehzade Suleiman Efendi (1872 - 1872);
  • HIH Prince Şehzade Seyfeddin Efendi (1872 - 1872).

Second marriage and issue

He married secondly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 4 February 1859 to Abzakh[6] Reftarıdil Kadınefendi (North Caucasus, 5 June 1838 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 3 March 1936), daughter of Hatkoyuko Bey Hatko,[6] and had:

Third marriage and issue

He married thirdly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 5 February 1869 to Natukhai Şayan Kadınefendi (Anapa, Russia, 4 January 1853 – Ortaköy 15 March 1945), daughter of Batır Bey Zan,[6] and had:

  • HIH Princess Hatice Sultan (Kurbağalıdere Köşkü, 5 May 1870 - 13 March 1938, Beirut, Lebanon and buried in Damascus), married firstly and divorced in 1900 to HH Damat Ali Galib Pasha (Istanbul, c. 1871 - Tashvikaya, Istanbul, 16 June 1950; married secondly and divorced in 4 November 1908 to HIH Princess Hatice Sultan), Vizier 1904, married secondly at the Yıldız Palace, 12 September 1901 and divorced at Ortaköy on 20 September 1908 to HH Damat Ali Vasif Pasha (c. 1870 - 1918), Vizier, married thirdly at the Ortaköy Palace, 1 May 1909 and divorced on 16 June 1918 to HH Damat Rauf Hayreddin Bey Efendi (1871 - Beirut, Lebanon 1936), Chief Sec. Foreign Ministry, son of Hayri Bey.

Fourth marriage and issue

He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 9 December 1903), and had:

  • HIH Princess Istanbul, c. 1880 - 19xx), late Imperial Ottoman Cavalry.

Fifth marriage and issue

He married fifthly at Istanbul, Resan Hanımefendi (Artvin, 28 March 1860 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 31 March 1910), daughter of Ömer Bey by his wife Fatma Hanım,[6] and had:

Sixth marriage

He married sixthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1879 to Ubykh Cevherriz Hanımefendi (Sochi, Russia, c. 1862 – Istanbul, c. 1940), daughter of Halil Bey,[6] without issue.

Seventh marriage

He married seventhly at Istanbul,

Murad V
Born: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Caliph of Islam
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
  •  

External links

  1. ^ Britannica, Istanbul: Until the Turkish Post Office officially changed the name in 1930, however, the city continued to bear the millenary name of Constantinople.
  2. ^ İbrahim Pazan (2007). Padişah anneleri. Babıali Kültür Yayıncılığı.  
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, 1992. Page 141-143.
  4. ^ http://162.243.49.51/web/03_turkiye.html#5
  5. ^ http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/templars/knights_templars04.htm
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil.  

References

without issue. [6] 1945), daughter of Prince Şahin Bey Çaabalurhva by his wife Princess Adilhan Loo,c., Istanbul, Erenköy 1865 – c. He married ninthly at Istanbul,

Ninth marriage

He married eighthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1884 to Bzhedug Remişnaz Hanımefendi (North Caucasus, c. 1864 - Istanbul, c. 1934), daughter of Hasan Bey Topçu,[6] without issue.

Eighth marriage

without issue. [6] 1927), daughter of Rüstem Bey Nakaşvili by his wife Fevziye Hanım,c., Istanbul, Beşiktaş 1861 – c.

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