World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0002699568
Reproduction Date:

Title: Npoess  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: NOAA-19, NASA Social, Joint Polar Satellite System, List of weather instruments, Global Precipitation Measurement
Collection: Earth Observation Satellites
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Artist's concept of a future NPOESS satellite, 2006.

The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) was to be the United States' next-generation satellite system that would monitor the Earth's weather, atmosphere, oceans, land, and near-space environment. NPOESS satellites were to host proven technologies and operational versions of sensors that are currently under operational-prototyping by NASA. The estimated launch date for the first NPOESS satellite, "C1" or "Charlie 1" was around 2013. Issues with sensor developments were the primary cited reason for delays and cost-overruns.

NPOESS was to be operated by the NOAA / NESDIS / NPOESS Program Executive Office Flight Operations at the NOAA Satellite Operations Facility (NSOF) in Suitland, MD. Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (NGAS) was the primary system integrator for the NPOESS project. Raytheon, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. and Boeing were developing the sensors.

NPOESS was to be a replacement for both the United States Department of Defense's DMSP and the NOAA Polar Operational Environmental Satellites (POES) series. The NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) was planned as a pathfinder mission for NPOESS. The project had to go through three Nunn-McCurdy reviews, Congressional hearings that are automatically triggered when a program goes over budget by more than 25%.[1] It was launched five years behind schedule, on October 28, 2011.[2][3]

The White House announced on February 1, 2010, that the NPOESS satellite partnership was to be dissolved, and that two separate lines of polar-orbiting satellites to serve military and civilian users would be pursued instead:[4]


  1. ^ 109th Congress, 2nd Session, House of Representatives. Hearing before the Committee on Science, The future of NPOESS: results of the Nunn-McCurdy review of NOAA's weather satellite program. June 8, 2006. Serial No. 109-53. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2007
  2. ^ "JPSS satellite delays risk loss of global climate data continuity". Climate Science Watch. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 12 Feb 2013. 
  3. ^ "Suomi NPP Mission Overview". NASA. Retrieved 12 Feb 2013. 
  4. ^ "White House Dissolves NPOESS Satellite Partnership". SpaceNews. 2 Feb 2010. Retrieved 12 Feb 2013. 
  5. ^ "NASA AWARDS CONTRACT FOR JPSS-1 SPACECRAFT". NASA. 23 Sep 2010. Retrieved 12 Feb 2013. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Satellite Plans Falter, Imperiling Data on Storms". New York Times. October 26, 2012. Retrieved 12 Feb 2013. 
  7. ^ "Outlines of Pentagon Weather Satellite Plan Starting To Emerge". SpaceNews. 30 Jun 2010. Retrieved 12 Feb 2013. 

External links

  • NOAA NESDIS POES Satellites
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.