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National aviation authority

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Title: National aviation authority  
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Subject: Federal Aviation Administration, Airport, Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile du Bénin, Barbados Civil Aviation Department, Civil Aviation Authority, Bangladesh
Collection: Civil Aviation Authorities
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National aviation authority

A national aviation authority (NAA) or civil aviation authority is a government statutory authority in each country that oversees the approval and regulation of civil aviation.

Contents

  • Role 1
  • History 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Role

Due to the inherent dangers in the use of flight vehicles, NAA's typically regulate the following critical aspects of aircraft airworthiness and their operation:

  • Design of aircraft, engines, airborne equipment and ground-based equipment affecting flight safety
  • Conditions of manufacture and test of aircraft and equipment
  • Maintenance of aircraft and equipment
  • Operation of aircraft and equipment
  • Licensing of pilots and maintenance engineers
  • Licensing of airports and navigational aids
  • Standards for air traffic control

Depending on the legal system of the parent country, the NAA will derive its power from an act of Parliament (such as the Civil or Federal Aviation Act), and is then empowered to make regulations within the bounds of the act. This allows technical aspects of airworthiness to be dealt with by subject matter experts and not politicians.[1][2]

The NAA may also be involved in the investigation of aircraft accidents, although in many cases this is left to a separate body (such as the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) in Australia or the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the USA), to allow independent review of regulatory oversight.[3]

The NAA will regulate the control of air traffic but a separate agency will generally carry out air traffic control functions.

In some countries the national aviation authorities build and operate airports, including non-airside operations such as passenger terminals; the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines is one such national authority. In other countries either private companies or local government authorities own and operate individual airports.

History

The independent development of NAAs resulted in differing regulations from country to country. This required aircraft manufacturers in the past to develop differt models for specific NAA requirements (such as the best practice regulations are adopted.[4] A European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), with regulatory and executive tasks in the field of civilian aviation safety, was created in 2003. It is not a national authority as such, and European Union members continue to have their own agencies.

See also

References

  1. ^ Australian Civil Aviation Act, 1988
  2. ^ Federal Aviation Act of 1958, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Library
  3. ^ About the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB)
  4. ^ ICAO ICAO'S Aims
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