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National mapping agency

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National mapping agency

A national mapping agency is an organisation, usually publicly owned, that produces topographic maps and geographic information of a country. Some national mapping agencies also deal with cadastral matters.

The original draftsman's drawings for the area around St. Columb Major, Cornwall, made in 1810.

History

Ordnance Survey

The first national mapping agency was the Ordnance Survey in the United Kingdom;[1][2] its roots go back to 1747, when the compilation of a map of the Scottish Highlands was proposed.[3][4] This survey at a scale of 1 inch to 1000 yards (1:36,000)[5] was the starting point of the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain (1783–1853), and led to the creation of the Ordnance Survey itself; work was begun in earnest in 1790, when the Board of Ordnance began a national military survey at one-inch-to-the-mile (1:63,360 scale).[6] During the next thirty years, roughly a third of England and Wales was mapped (see Principal Triangulation of Great Britain), as other military matters took precedence.[7]

List of national mapping agencies

Country or territory National mapping agency[8] Web site Online map viewer Notes
Australia Geoscience Australia ga.gov.au
Austria Bundesamt für Eich- und Vermessungswesen (BEV) bev.gv.at Austrian Map online
Belgium Nationaal Geografisch Instituut (NGI) / Institut Géographique National (IGN) ngi.be, ign.be Topomap Viewer
Brazil Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) ibge.gov.br
Botswana Department of Surveys and Mapping www.mlh.gov.bw
Canada Centre for Topographic Information
China 国家测绘地理信息局 / National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation sbsm.gov.cn
Colombia Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi (IGAC) igac.gov.co Geoportal
Croatia Državna geodetska uprava (DGU) / State Geodetic Administration dgu.hr Geoportal DGU
Czech Republic Český úřad zeměměřický a katastrální (ČÚZK) cuzk.cz Geoprohlížeč
Denmark Geodatastyrelsen / Danish Geodata Agency gst.dk including Faroe Islands and Greenland
Egypt Egyptian general Survey Authority (ESA) [1]
El Salvador Instituto Geográfico y del Catastro Nacional www.cnr.gob.sv cloud.cnr.gob.sv
Estonia Maa-amet / Estonian Land Board maaamet.ee
Finland Maanmittauslaitos (MML) / Lantmäteriverket (LMV) / National Land Survey of Finland (NLS) maanmittauslaitos.fi MapSite
France Institut national de l’information géographique et forestière (IGN) ign.fr géoportail
Germany Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (BKG) / Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy bkg.bund.de Geoportal.de excluding 1:5000 - 1:100 000
Great Britain Ordnance Survey (OS) ordnancesurvey.co.uk getamap excluding Northern Ireland
Greece Γεωγραφική Υπηρεσία Στρατού (ΓΥΣ) / Hellenic Military Geographical Service (HMGS) gys.gr
Guatemala Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN) ign.gob.gt
Hong Kong 測繪 / Survey and Mapping Office (SMO) landsd.gov.hk 1:200.000 (jpg)
Honduras Dirección General de Catastro y Geografía (DGCG) dgcg.ip.gob.hn Visor de Mapas
Iceland Landmælingar Íslands (LMÍ) / National Landsurvey of Iceland (NLIS) lmi.is Map viewer
India Survey of India www.surveyofindia.gov.in
Indonesia Badan Informasi Geospasial
Iran National Cartographic Center ncc.org.ir
Ireland Ordnance Survey Ireland
Israel Survey Of Israel mapi.gov.il www.govmap.gov.il
Italy Istituto Geografico Militare igmi.org
Japan Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
Mexico Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) inegi.org.mx Mapa digital de México
Netherlands Kadaster kadaster.nl PDOK excluding Caribbean Netherlands
New Zealand Land Information New Zealand
Nicaragua Instituto Nicaraguense de Estudios Territoriales (INETER) ineter.gob.ni
Nigeria Office of the Surveyor General of the Federation www.osgof.gov.ng
Northern Ireland Land and Property Services formerly Ordnance Survey Northern Ireland
Norway Statens Kartverk Kartverket Norgeskart
Pakistan Survey of Pakistan
Portugal Instituto Geográfico Português
Russia Federal State Service for registration, inventory and mapping (Rosreestr)
Saudi Arabia Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs, General Commission for Survey
Serbia Republički geodetski zavod (RGZ) / Republic Geodetic Authority rgz.gov.rs geoportal geoSrbija
Slovakia Úrad geodézie, kartografie a katastra www.skgeodesy.sk zbgis.skgeodesy.sk/tkgis
Slovenia Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia
South Africa Chief Directorate: National Geo-spatial Information .za.gov.ngiwww
Spain Instituto Geográfico Nacional
Sri Lanka Department of Survey
Sweden Lantmäteriet Lantmäteriet kso2.lantmateriet.se
Switzerland Swisstopo swisstopo.admin.ch map.geo.admin.ch
Thailand Royal Thai Survey Department www.rtsd.mi.th
Turkey General Command of Mapping
United States United States Geological Survey
Ukraine Holovne Upravlinnja Heodezii Kartografi ta Kardastruv (HUHKK)
Uruguay Servicio Geografico Militar, Montevideo sgm.gub.uy

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ordnance Survey forms OS International to offer national mapping assistance internationally". 
  2. ^ Nina Morgan. "Ordnance Survey maps that changed the world". 
  3. ^ By Lieutenant-Colonel David Watson to facilitate the subjugation of the clans following the Jacobite rising of 1745
  4. ^  
  5. ^ Hindle, Paul (1998). Maps for Historians. Phillimore & Co. pp. 114–115.  
  6. ^ Hindle, Paul (1998). Maps for Historians. Phillimore & Co. p. 117.  
  7. ^ Seymour, W.A., ed. (1980). A History of the Ordnance Survey. Folkestone: Wm Dawson & Sons. p. 71 
  8. ^ Names in the languages listed on the agency's website

External links

  • National Mapping Agencies in UNESCO website, based on World Mapping Today


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