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Nawalapitiya

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Nawalapitiya

Nawalapitiya
නාවලපිටිය
நாவலபிட்டி
Nawalapitiya is located in Sri Lanka
Nawalapitiya
Nawalapitiya
Nawalapitiya
Coordinates:
Country Sri Lanka
Province Central Province
Government
 • Type Urban Council
 • Chairman W.R.A Nishantha Kumara Ranasinghe
 • Vice Chairman U.H Harshana Dulanga
Area
 • Land 262 km2 (101 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 13,751
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)
 • Summer (DST) Summer time (UTC+6)

Nawalapitiya (, }

}}: நாவலபிட்டி) is a town in Central Province, Sri Lanka. It is in the Kandy District, governed by an Urban Council. It is 38 km (24 mi) away from Kandy and 112 km (70 mi) from Colombo. It is located 589 m (1,932 ft) above sea level. The town is near Mahaweli Ganga. Nawalapitiya can also be identified as "Peace Town", because the population of Sinhala (47%), Tamil (38%), and Muslims (14%) peacefully co-exist there.

The Indian actor and politician M. G. Ramachandran was born in Nawalapitiya.

Nawalapitiya holds a special place in locomotive transportation in Sri Lanka since it is one of the railway's three transport division headquarters. Nawalapitiya Railway station is the second longest station in Sri Lanka, the first one being Rambukkana.

History

Economy and Infrastructure

The town's economy depends mainly upon tea cultivation.

Tea cultivation

The following Estates cultivating tea are in the vicinity of Nawalapitiya.[1]

  • Kenilworth Group (includes Strathellie, Gneiss Rock, Black Stone and Kenilworth Estates)
  • Westmoreland
  • Mount Jean
  • Barnagala (amalgamated with Craighead Estate)
  • Craighead (includes Upper & Lower Somerset Estates)
  • Dotel Oya Group (includes Alikedeniya & Mooroottie Estates)
  • Ingurugala
  • Kelle Group
  • Malgolla
  • Meddegoda
  • Monte Cristo (includes Upper, Galbodde, New Clearing and Cholankanda Estates)
  • Nagastenne Group
  • Oonankande
  • Paragalla
  • Pennyland
  • Upper Raxawa
  • Barcaple
  • Goorookoya Group
  • Greenwood
  • Imbulpitiya
  • Kataboola
  • Kolapathana
  • Oonoogaloya
  • Queensberry
  • Ravenscraigh
  • Donside
  • Westhall
  • Kandaloya
Natural beauty of the area

Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe from Dilmah's Kataboola Estate in the Nawalapitiya Region offers clean, black leaf, with some silvery tip. The infused leaf is clean and open, with a coppery tone indicative of a bright cup. The liquor shows character and depth, with some strength, but generally mellow for a very pleasing and bright tea. The liquor displays an orange brown hue in the style of an elegant Ceylon Tea. Tasting notes - Tightly rolled tea leaf that is matt brown-black in color with the occasional show of tip. The infused leaf is bright brown/burnt sienna in colour. Liquor color is mahogany with a greenish tinge. A fine tea with an aroma of light hay on the nose and a hint of pistachios and almonds in the taste. A fortifying tea with body and soul.

Rail

The Nawalapitiya Railway Station, built in 1874, is an important access point to this town. It is located next to the main bus stand, in the centre of the town. The station is on the Main Line (Colombo-Badulla) railway line.

From Colombo there are two main trains direct to Nawalapitiya - The Podi Menike Express (5.55 AM) and the Udarata Menike Express Train (8.30 AM). Another express train at 9.45 AM. In evening 12.40 PM and 8.00 PM(Night mail). A transit from Peradeniya Junction is needed from other trains to reach the town.

Road

There are two main roads to Nawalapitiya, the first is via the Colombo - Kandy road, which passes through Peradeniya and Gampola, and the second is via the Colombo - Hatton road, which passes through Awissawella, Yatiyanthota and Ginigathhena.

Bus

From the Pettah Bus stand there are a few direct buses to Nawalapitiya. Some buses travel via Peradeniya (Kandy) (Route no.16) and others via Avissawella road through Ginigathena (Route Nº 78). Direct buses to Nawalapitiya from Colombo are infrequent. Another option is to travel via Kandy. One can get a bus to Kandy from Pettah very easily. From Kandy one has to get the bus No. 725 to Nawalapitiya (1 hour ride). Frequent bus services are available from Kandy to Nawalapitiya.

Main Gampola Road

Cities and towns nearby

Towns and small towns

  • Ulapane, Thabiligala, Pallegama, Patthunupitiya, Gondennawa
  • Hapugasthalawa, Meepitiya, Pallegama, Waligampola
  • Balanthota, Katukithula, Inguruoya, Gorakaoya, Samagipura, Donside, Pahala Gorakaoya,selambridge

Education

  • Anurudhdha Kumara National College
  • St.Andrews Girls College
  • Kathiresan College
  • Leeds International School
  • St. Mary's College
  • CP/Kot/ Harangala Maha Vidyalaya
  • CP/Kot/ Sirisaman Maha Vidyalaya,Gorakaoya
  • CP/Kot/ Nanoda Primary School, Pahala Gorakaoya
  • CP/Selambridge Muslim vidiyalaya.
  • Nawalapitiya Oxford International School (English Medium only)
  • Nawalapitiya Central college, Bawwagama
  • Kanishta Balika Vidyalaya.

Attractions

Buddhist temples

  • Jethawanaramaya, Nawalapitiya (}

    }}: ජේතවනාරාමය, නාවලපිටිය)

    • Weluwanaramaya, Nawalapitiya ()
    • Poorwaramaya, Nawalapitiya ()

    Mahaweli River

    The Mahaweli Ganga () is the longest river in Sri Lanka. It is 335 km (208 mi) long. Its drainage basin is the largest in Sri Lanka, and covers almost one-fifth of the total area of the island. The river is heavily dammed in order to produce hydroelectricity and water for irrigation. This river crosses Nawalapitiya

    Waterfalls

    • Kataboola or Kadiyanlena Ella (water fall) () is located near Kadiyanlena, within the Kataboola Estate, by the side of the Nawalapitiya-Talawakele road (B-117). The bridge is between the 11th and 12th kilometre posts (or close to the 7th mile post) and is built over the 'Korawakka Oya', which becomes, further downstream, the 'Goorook Oya'. The full Kataboola cascade consists of three levels. The first segment flows in a single stream and falls over a height of 8 m (26 ft). The water then flows a wide rock to a second pool, this constitutes the second segment. Finally the water flows under an arched bridge which forms the final segment of the fall. The complete waterfall with all three segments is approximately 25 m (82 ft) in height.
    • Galaboda water fall, is located in between Nawalapitiya and Watawala. It is approximately 30 m (98 ft) in height. There is also a natural spring located near the head of the waterfall, during colonial times it was used to supply potable water to the Governor's residence at Colombo.

    References


    -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


    local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

    local p = {}


    -- Helper functions


    local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

    local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

    function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

    function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

    function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

    function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


    -- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


    function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

    function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


    -- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


    function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

    function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
    %s
    ', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

    end

    return p-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Module:Hatnote -- -- -- -- This module produces hatnote links and links to related articles. It -- -- implements the and meta-templates and includes -- -- helper functions for other Lua hatnote modules. --


    local libraryUtil = require('libraryUtil') local checkType = libraryUtil.checkType local mArguments -- lazily initialise Module:Arguments local yesno -- lazily initialise Module:Yesno

    local p = {}


    -- Helper functions


    local function getArgs(frame) -- Fetches the arguments from the parent frame. Whitespace is trimmed and -- blanks are removed. mArguments = require('Module:Arguments') return mArguments.getArgs(frame, {parentOnly = true}) end

    local function removeInitialColon(s) -- Removes the initial colon from a string, if present. return s:match('^:?(.*)') end

    function p.findNamespaceId(link, removeColon) -- Finds the namespace id (namespace number) of a link or a pagename. This -- function will not work if the link is enclosed in double brackets. Colons -- are trimmed from the start of the link by default. To skip colon -- trimming, set the removeColon parameter to true. checkType('findNamespaceId', 1, link, 'string') checkType('findNamespaceId', 2, removeColon, 'boolean', true) if removeColon ~= false then link = removeInitialColon(link) end local namespace = link:match('^(.-):') if namespace then local nsTable = mw.site.namespaces[namespace] if nsTable then return nsTable.id end end return 0 end

    function p.formatPages(...) -- Formats a list of pages using formatLink and returns it as an array. Nil -- values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local ret = {} for i, page in ipairs(pages) do ret[i] = p._formatLink(page) end return ret end

    function p.formatPageTables(...) -- Takes a list of page/display tables and returns it as a list of -- formatted links. Nil values are not allowed. local pages = {...} local links = {} for i, t in ipairs(pages) do checkType('formatPageTables', i, t, 'table') local link = t[1] local display = t[2] links[i] = p._formatLink(link, display) end return links end

    function p.makeWikitextError(msg, helpLink, addTrackingCategory) -- Formats an error message to be returned to wikitext. If -- addTrackingCategory is not false after being returned from -- Module:Yesno, and if we are not on a talk page, a tracking category -- is added. checkType('makeWikitextError', 1, msg, 'string') checkType('makeWikitextError', 2, helpLink, 'string', true) yesno = require('Module:Yesno') local title = mw.title.getCurrentTitle() -- Make the help link text. local helpText if helpLink then helpText = ' (help)' else helpText = end -- Make the category text. local category if not title.isTalkPage and yesno(addTrackingCategory) ~= false then category = 'Hatnote templates with errors' category = string.format( '%s:%s', mw.site.namespaces[14].name, category ) else category = end return string.format( '%s', msg, helpText, category ) end


    -- Format link -- -- Makes a wikilink from the given link and display values. Links are escaped -- with colons if necessary, and links to sections are detected and displayed -- with " § " as a separator rather than the standard MediaWiki "#". Used in -- the template.


    function p.formatLink(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local link = args[1] local display = args[2] if not link then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no link specified', 'Template:Format hatnote link#Errors', args.category ) end return p._formatLink(link, display) end

    function p._formatLink(link, display) -- Find whether we need to use the colon trick or not. We need to use the -- colon trick for categories and files, as otherwise category links -- categorise the page and file links display the file. checkType('_formatLink', 1, link, 'string') checkType('_formatLink', 2, display, 'string', true) link = removeInitialColon(link) local namespace = p.findNamespaceId(link, false) local colon if namespace == 6 or namespace == 14 then colon = ':' else colon = end -- Find whether a faux display value has been added with the | magic -- word. if not display then local prePipe, postPipe = link:match('^(.-)|(.*)$') link = prePipe or link display = postPipe end -- Find the display value. if not display then local page, section = link:match('^(.-)#(.*)$') if page then display = page .. ' § ' .. section end end -- Assemble the link. if display then return string.format('%s', colon, link, display) else return string.format('%s%s', colon, link) end end


    -- Hatnote -- -- Produces standard hatnote text. Implements the template.


    function p.hatnote(frame) local args = getArgs(frame) local s = args[1] local options = {} if not s then return p.makeWikitextError( 'no text specified', 'Template:Hatnote#Errors', args.category ) end options.extraclasses = args.extraclasses options.selfref = args.selfref return p._hatnote(s, options) end

    function p._hatnote(s, options) checkType('_hatnote', 1, s, 'string') checkType('_hatnote', 2, options, 'table', true) local classes = {'hatnote'} local extraclasses = options.extraclasses local selfref = options.selfref if type(extraclasses) == 'string' then classes[#classes + 1] = extraclasses end if selfref then classes[#classes + 1] = 'selfref' end return string.format( '
    %s
    ', table.concat(classes, ' '), s )

    end

    return p
    1. ^ http://ceylonteainfo.com/ceylon_tea_directory.pdf
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