World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Northern Pashto

Northern Pashto
Yusufzai
یوسفزئی پښتو
Native to Pakistan, Afghanistan
Region

(Pakistan) Peshawar, Dir, Swat, Bajaur, Malakand, Nowshehra, Charsadda, Swabi, Hazara

(Afghanistan) Jalalabad, Kunar, Kunduz
Ethnicity Pashtun
Native speakers
21 million (2013)[1]
Pashto alphabet
Official status
Regulated by Pashto Academy (Peshawar, Pakistan)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pbu
Glottolog nort2646[3]

Northern Pashto, sometimes known as Pekhawari Pashto after its principal subdialect, is a Northern dialect of Pashto spoken in northern Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan, including city of Peshawar and by most of the Khalil, Mohmand, Daoudzai, Chamkani, Afridi and shinwari, Bajawari and Yousafzai tribes.

Contents

  • Subdialects 1
  • Phonology 2
  • Grammar 3
  • References 4

Subdialects

Strictly speaking, Yusufzai is a subdialect of Northern Pashto. Other subdialects are Durani, Ghilzai, Ningraharian, Kohat, Afridi, Khalil, Mohmand, Shilmani, Shinwari, and Northwestern Pashto.

Phonology

Yusufzai Pashto has a difference in affricates: in other dialects t͡s, d͡z/z, ʒ, in Peshawari instead s, z, j. Such as in most Northern dialects, in Yusufzai is pronounced x and g instead southern ʂ, ʐ.

Dialects[4] ښ ږ څ ځ ژ ā ū
Kandahari Pashto [ʂ] [ʐ] [t͡s] [d͡z] [ʒ] [ɑ] [u]
Quetta Pashto [ʃ] [ʒ] [t͡s] [d͡z] [ʒ, z] [ɑ] [u]
Ghilji, central Pashto [ç] [ʝ] [t͡s] [z] [ʒ, z] [ɑ] [u]
Northern (Peshawari) Pashto [x] [ɡ] [s] [z] [d͡ʒ] [ɑ] [u]

Grammar

Peshawari pronouns are very simplifed, especially əğə (he, she) and muŋ/muŋg (we).

Pronouns Kandahar Quetta Peshawar Jalal-Abad Meaning
زه I
ته tə, реже təi tə, реже təi tʰə, tə you (sing)
هغه hağə ağə əğə hağə he
هغه hağe ağə əğə hağe she
موږ/مونږ mʊž̥ mʊž/məž muŋ/muŋg muŋg we
تاسو/تاسې tāse/tāsī tāse/tāsī tāso tāso you (pl)
هغوی hağwi/hağūi ağwi/ağūi ağʷi/ağʷəi hağʷi/hağʷəi they

References

  1. ^ Northern Pashto at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Sebeok, Thomas Albert (1976). Current Trends in Linguistics: Index. Walter de Gruyter. p. 705. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Northern Pashto".  
  4. ^ Hallberg, Daniel G. 1992. Pashto, Waneci, Ormuri. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan, 4.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.