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Northfield, Vermont

Northfield, Vermont
Depot Square, Downtown Northfield
Depot Square, Downtown Northfield
Motto: "Where the Good Life Begins"[1]
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Location in Washington County and the state of Vermont
Northfield, Vermont is located in USA
Northfield, Vermont
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Vermont
County Washington
Incorporated 1855[2]
 • Total 43.6 sq mi (113.0 km2)
 • Land 43.5 sq mi (112.7 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 735 ft (441 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,207
 • Density 140/sq mi (55/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05663
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-50275[3]
GNIS feature ID 1462163[4]
Website .gov.northfield-vtwww

Northfield is a town in Washington County, Vermont, United States. It lies in a valley within the Green Mountains, and has been the home of Norwich University since 1866. The town contains the village of Northfield, where over half of its population lives. The total population of the town was 6,207 at the 2010 census.[5]


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
  • Media 5
  • Infrastructure 6
    • Transportation 6.1
      • Roads 6.1.1
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Northfield was chartered in 1781,[1] and incorporated in 1855.[2] The community was named after Northfield, Massachusetts.[6]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.6 square miles (113.0 km2), of which 43.5 square miles (112.7 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.29%, is water.[7]

The geographic center of Vermont is located within the town, with markers on the university campus of the geographical and magnetic centers.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 5,791 people, 1,819 households, and 1,224 families residing in the town. The population density was 132.5 people per square mile (51.2/km2). There were 1,958 housing units at an average density of 44.8 per square mile (17.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.41% White, 1.02% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.33% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.

There were 1,819 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 27.2% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 122.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,523, and the median income for a family was $51,818. Males had a median income of $32,168 versus $24,781 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,592. About 3.2% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.


Norwich University enrolls undergraduate students.[11]


Published locally is the Northfield News & Transcript[12][13] It is a weekly newspaper and was established in 1878 by George Richmond.




Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b "Town of Northfield official website". Town of Northfield official website. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Northfield Vermont". Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  5. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Northfield town, Washington County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 18, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Northfield, Vermont, VT". ePodunk. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Northfield town, Washington County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 18, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Vermont History Explorer". Retrieved August 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ Norwich University
  12. ^ "The Northfield News". The Northfield News. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Times Argus". Times Argus. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  14. ^ Vermont Birth Records, 1909-2008, entry for Reginald Maurice Cram, retrieved December 12, 2013
  15. ^ Ellis, William Arba (1911). Norwich University, 1819-1911; Her History, Her Graduates, Her Roll of Honor. The Capital City Press. p. 391. 
  16. ^ Duffy, John J. (2003). The Vermont Encyclopedia. UPNE. p. 169. 
  17. ^ 'History of Walworth County, Wisconsin' volume 1, Adam Clayton Beckwith, B. F. Bowen: Indianapolis, Indiana: 1912, Biographical Sketch of Hollis Latham, pg. 534-535
  18. ^ "Charles Paine". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  19. ^ "PLUMLEY, Charles Albert, (1875 - 1964)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 
  20. ^ "PLUMLEY, Frank, (1844 - 1924)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 6, 2012. 

External links

Winter at Norwich University, the town's main employer, located just south of downtown
  • Town of Northfield official website

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