World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0034507937
Reproduction Date:

Title: NunatuKavut  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Labrador, Inuit, NunatuKavut people, List of traditional territories of the indigenous peoples of North America, Canadian identity
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Proposed Autonomous area
The village of Red Bay, Labrador, in NunatuKavut
The village of Red Bay, Labrador, in NunatuKavut
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Capital Vâli, Labrador
 • Type Proposed parliamentary democracy within the parliamentary system of Canada
 • President Todd Russell (since 2012)
Population (2007)
 • Total 6,000
Time zone AST (UTC-04)
Postal code prefix A0P
ISO 3166 code NL
Federal riding Labrador (electoral district)
Provincial riding Cartwright-L'Anse au Clair and Lake Melville

NunatuKavut is an unrecognized Inuit territory in Labrador. The NunatuKavummiut people (also called Inuit-Metis or Labrador Metis) are the direct descendents of the Inuit that have lived south of the Grand River (Newfoundland name: Churchill River) since time immemorial, with European influence from Basque and French whalers.[1]

Nunatuĸavut or NunatuKavut means "Our ancient land" in the ancestral Inuttut dialect of the NunatuKavummuit people. The Nunatuĸavut region encompasses Southern Labrador, from the Grand River (Newfoundland imposed name:Churchill River), south to Lodge Bay and west to the extent of the official border between Quebec and Labrador. However, the land use area is much more extensive.[1][2]

Land claim

In the late seventies the Labrador Metis Association was created by the inhabitants of Labrador's southern coast to gain recognition as a distinct ethnocultural group,[3] as at the time despite a pre-existing treaty protected under the constitution, the "Inuit-Metis" were considered to be merely the descendants of Inuit who had introduced into Western society.[1] Little was known about the history of the "Inuit-Metis" of the time. In 2006, the Labrador Metis Association initiated a project with Memorial University to better understand their past through the Community-University Research Association (CURA).[3] Following research by CURA, the "Labrador Metis" were understood to be a continuation of the Inuit people of southern Labrador.[1]

The Labrador Metis Association promptly changed its name to reflect their newly discovered heritage, and became the NunatuKavut Community Council. In an effort to enforce the treaty of 1765, NunatuKavut launched a land claim with the federal government that is currently being negotiated. As a part of this land claim, the NunatuKavut Community Council asserts that the Muskrat Falls and Lower Churchill hydroelectric project fall on their territory.[4]

See also

Further reading

  • Canadian Government: NunatuKavut Land Claim Document
  • NunatuKavut Community Council Inc.
  • Labrador Inuit History
  • Canadian Encyclopedia; Inuit presence in southern Labrador
  • Royal Commission White Paper on Renewing and Strengthening Our Place in Canada


  1. ^ a b c d STOPP Marianne, 2002 Reconsidering Inuit presence in southern Labrador, La revue Études Inuit 26(2):1-106
  2. ^ The forgotten Labrador (Cleophas Belvin; ISBN 0-7735-3151-3; (bound))
  3. ^ a b 2010 "Unveiling NunatuKavut", NunatuKavut Community Council
  4. ^ NunatuKavut says it’s not backing away from the Lower Churchill development - Local - The Telegram
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.