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Oberallgäu

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Title: Oberallgäu  
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Oberallgäu

Oberallgäu
District
Country  Germany
State Bavaria
Adm. region Swabia
Capital Sonthofen
Area
 • Total 1,528 km2 (590 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 150,478
 • Density 98/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration OA
Website http://www.oberallgaeu.de

Oberallgäu is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Unterallgäu and Ostallgäu, the Austrian states Tyrol and Vorarlberg, the district of Lindau, and the state of Baden-Württemberg (district Ravensburg). The city of Kempten is enclosed by, but not belonging to the district.

History

Human settlement dates back to the Bronze Age, when Celtic peoples inhabited the region. The Romans established a military camp which grew to become the city of Cambodunum, the present Kempten. It is consequently sometimes claimed that Kempten is the oldest town in Germany.

In medieval times Kempten was a free imperial city, and the surrounding lands became subordinate to the lords of Staufen and the counts of Rothenfels. Both ceased to exist in the beginning of the 19th century, when Napoleon handed these territories over to Bavaria.

The district of Oberallgäu was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Sonthofen and Kempten.

Geography

Oberallgäu is the southernmost district of Germany. "Oberallgäu" literally means "Upper Allgäu". The term Allgäu is applied to the part of the Alps located in Swabia and their northern foothills.

In the very south of the district there are some

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