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Ocmulgee River


Ocmulgee River

Ocmulgee River
The Ocmulgee River at Macon
Country United States
State Georgia
 - left South River
 - right Yellow River
Source Confluence of South, Yellow, and Alcovy rivers
 - location Lloyd Shoals Dam, Georgia
 - coordinates
 - location Hazelhurst, Georgia
Length 255 mi (410 km)
Map of the Ocmulgee River watershed highlighted; river is dark blue

The Ocmulgee River (ok-MUHL-gee) is a western

  • City of Macon history
  • Ocmulgee & Northern Railroad history
  • NPS: Ocmulgee Old Fields

External links

  • Snow, Dean (2010). Archaeology of Native North America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. pp. 208–209.  
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Ocmulgee River, New Georgia Encyclopedia (August 9, 2004).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Ocmulgee River Basin Plan, Section 2: River Basin Characteristics, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division.
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Ocmulgee River: Quick Facts about the River, Georgia River Network (accessed June 6, 2015).
  5. ^ a b Richard J. Lenz, Highroad Guide to the Georgia Coast and Okefenokee (Longstreet Press: 1999), p. 199.
  6. ^ Monte Burke, Sowbelly: The Obsessive Quest for the World-Record Largemouth Bass (Penguin Group USA, 2006), p. xiii.
  7. ^ Dale Bowman, World-record largemouth bass tie: Formal word, Sun-Times (January 8, 2010).
  8. ^ "1994 flood", Centers for Disease Control


See also

Major creeks that flow into the Ocmulgee River include:

Ocmulgee creeks

In the same year, the McCall brother established a barge-building operation at Macon. The first Savannah. The river froze from bank to bank in 1886. In 1994 devastating floods on the river after heavy rains caused widespread damage around Macon.[8]

Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin stimulated development of short-staple cotton plantations in the uplands, where it grew well. The gin mechanized processing of the cotton and made it profitable. Demand for land in the Southeast increased, as well as demand for slave labor in the Deep South. In 1806, the U.S. acquired the area between the Oconee and Ocmulgee rivers from the Creek Indians by the First Treaty of Washington. That same year United States Army established Fort Benjamin Hawkins overlooking the Ocmulgee Fields. In 1819 the Creek held their last meeting at Ocmulgee Fields. they ceded this territory in 1821.

Macon.[1] The Ichisi served corncakes, wild onion, and roasted venison to De Soto and his party.[1] Over the next hundred years, however, the Native Americans in the area were devastated from disease and chaos following European contract.[1]

There is evidence that the [1] These areas are now part of the Ocmulgee National Monument, a National Park Service-administered protected area established in 1936.[1]

In the Archaic period (c. 8000-1000 BCE) which followed, hunter-gatherers in Ocmulgee basin used fiber-tempered pottery and stone tools.[1] During the Woodland period (c. 1000 BCE-900 CE), there were various villages in the area, evidenced by earthen mounds and pottery sherds.[1]

Archeological evidence shows that Native Americans first inhabited the Ocmulgee basin about 10,000 to 15,000 years ago (see settlement of the Americas).[1] Scraping tools and flint spearpoints from nomadic Paleoindians hunters have been discovered in the Ocmulgee floodplain.[1]


There are some fifteen [2] The fifteen invasives are threadfin shad (Dorosoma petenense), goldfish (Carassius auratus), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), blacktail shiner (Cyprinella venusta); common carp (Cyprinus carpio); flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris); white bass (Morone chrysops); morone hybrids (Morone sp.); green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus); longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis); Lepomis hybrids (Lepomis sp.); shoal bass (Micropterus cataractae); spotted bass (Micropterus punctulatus); white crappie (Pomoxis annularis); and yellow perch (Perca flavescens).[2]

[7] in Japan.Lake Biwa officially declared the world record for largemouth bass tied in 2010, following Manabu Kurita's catch (in July 2009) of a 22-pound, four-ounce largemouth bass in International Game Fish Association The [6][5] The Ocmulgee River is popular with

A diverse array of fish—105 species in twenty-one endangered fish species, the Altamaha shiner (Cyprinella xaenura) and two designated rare species, the goldstripe darter (Etheostoma parvipinne) and redeye chub (Notropis harperi).[2]

Fish fauna

[4] Four

Human use

The Ocmulgee River flows from the dam southeast past Lumber City.[1]

The river Jackson Lake reservoir.[1] The river's source is formed at an elevation of around 1,000 feet above sea level.[1]



  • Description 1
  • Human use 2
  • Fish fauna 3
  • History 4
  • Ocmulgee creeks 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

The name of the river may have come from a Hitchiti words oki ("water") plus molki ("bubbling" or "boiling"),[3] possibly meaning "where the water boils up."[1]

The Ocmulgee River basin has three river subbasins designated by the U.S. Geological Survey: the Upper Ocmulgee River subbasin (hydrologic unit code 03070103); the Lower Ocmulgee River Subbasin (03070104); and the Little Ocmulge eRiver Subbasin (03070105).[2]

[1] The Ocmulgee River and its tributaries provide


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