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Oranienburg concentration camp

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Title: Oranienburg concentration camp  
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Subject: Erich Mühsam, Montelupich Prison, Anarchism in Germany, Oranienburg, Samuel Pisar
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Oranienburg concentration camp

KZ Oranienburg, Nazi Germany 1933.

Oranienburg concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Oranienburg) was an early German concentration camp, one of the first detention facilities established by the Nazis in the state of Prussia when they gained power in 1933. It held the political opponents of German Nazism from the Berlin region, mostly members of the Communist Party of Germany and social-democrats, as well as a number of homosexual men and scores of the so-called undesirables.[1][2]

It was established in the center of the town of Oranienburg on the main road to Berlin when the SA took over a disused factory (possibly a brewery). Passers-by were able to look inside the prison perimeter. Prisoners were marched through the town to perform forced labour on behalf of the local council.[1]

The prison was taken over by the SS on 4 July 1934, when the SA was suppressed by the regime. It was closed and subsequently replaced in the area by Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1936. At closure, the prison had held over 3,000 inmates, of whom 16 had died.

Other early concentration camps

See also


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d e David Magnus Mintert, Das frühe Konzentrationslager Kemna und das sozialistische Milieu im Bergischen Land (PDF) Ruhr University Bochum, doctoral dissertation (2007), pp. 232–235. Retrieved January 14, 2012 (German)

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